What can not be exported from Thailand
Certain restrictions on the export of certain items imposes any state. This rule applies to the fact that from the point of view of the authorities and culture of this society is of particular value. As a rule, such restrictions apply to objects of art. However, a tropical Asian country is specific in this regard. What can not be exported from Thailand?
There is no need to remember the entire list of prohibited for export from Ty. The main thing is to understand that it is fundamentally important and valuable for Thais, that it is an overvalue for their culture. There are few such overvalued dominants, namely:
- nature of Thailand;
- culture and history of Thailand;
- property of the kingdom (king).
Thais perceive the world around them as a god-given miracle. Mountains, sand, trees, surface life, underwater inhabitants — all of this is of great value for the Thai. It is not by chance that there are so many conservation areas and national parks in Thailand, many of which are “under the personal control of the king.” Let it be — a figure of speech, but so it is said in this country, where the mention of the king is still sacred. Thus, from Thailand it is impossible to take anything that has to do with nature: neither plants, nor animals, nor sand, nor stones.
Anything that relates to the culture (religious artifacts) and history (archaeological artifacts) of Thailand is forbidden to free export from the country. Souvenir copies of religious objects or archaeological finds should be accompanied by documents for export.[quote font = «arial» font_style = «italic»] In Thailand, the cult of the monarch is flourishing, which even in a negative context cannot speak of. Legally, the whole country belongs to the king: it is his property. [/ Quote]
On this basis, a traveler may be made a claim against any items that a tourist takes out of the country: be it a pebble found in a cave of a distant island, a precious stone (not in the product) or a jar of white sand from the nearest beach.
In addition, both imported into Thailand, and withdraw from it can not be objects that are limited or prohibited to civilian traffic: weapons, explosive and toxic substances, drugs. But this is something that cannot be done anywhere. Although in this issue in Thailand there are a couple of specific features. One of them is related to coconut, but read about it below.
The list of things that can not be exported from Thailand
Animals and Sea Dwellers
From Thailand it is impossible to export fish and other inhabitants of the tropical sea, animals and birds living on land.
Most of them belong to the species whose population is threatened with extinction. For this reason, they are protected by the state.
Stuffed animals and fish
The prohibitory list includes not only live animals, but stuffed ones. Effigies of bats, crocodiles, seahorses, fish, hedgehogs, etc. — This is something that you can buy in Thailand everywhere, but when you fly away with these items can cause problems.
Skins or other parts of animals
The ban is distributed:
- on animal skins;
- on ivory (the turnover of this material is controlled and limited);
- items and souvenirs made of ivory;
- on separate large sinks (not in the composition of souvenirs);
- on corals.
The ban does not apply to finished crocodile leather products: bags, wallets, belts, shoes, etc.
Sand, land and other breeds
The tourist flow to Thailand is so great that if every visitor took a piece of beach or cave with him (there are a lot of such people), perhaps there would have been nothing left of white sand beaches and karst islands would have been destroyed by numerous chips.
In order to prevent such a development of events, the government imposed a ban on the export of sand, earth, and rocky rocks.
Local flora, as well as the fauna is considered a national treasure of Thailand. No plants, as well as parts thereof, incl. cuttings can not be exported outside the country.
We should also mention the fruits of durian and coconut. There is no direct prohibition to withdraw or introduce them. However, the airport’s control services have a practice of stopping the delivery of these fruits on board the aircraft. Durian — because of its peculiar smell. Coconut — because of the transport of heroin in these fruits. Although now no one uses this method, the precautions remain.
Remember that in a pot with a flower is the holy land of Thailand. Its export is strictly prohibited. But even if you transport the plant without land, for example, in a silicone filler, you may still be asked for some permission from the competent authorities.
It is often possible to find information that there is an established standard for the size of the image of the Buddha, which supposedly can be displayed, and figurines that exceed this standard cannot be derived. In fact, it is not.
From the point of view of Thai law, any Buddha statuettes are not subject to free export from the country, regardless of their size. This results from the fact that often such figurines are stylized under originals which can be several hundred years. Naturally, the airport staff is not able to distinguish a replica replica from a monument of historical value.[quote font = «arial» font_style = «italic»] A general procedure has been established, according to which a person who wants to take a statue or a Buddha statuette out of the country must receive permission from the Department of Fine Arts of Thailand. [/ quote]
Specialists of this department will examine the subject and give an opinion on whether it is an object of national heritage. In most cases, the procedure is formal. Permits for the export of souvenir novelties, even if they are very large, are obtained without problems.
To do this, the Department must provide:
- 2 photos of the item intended for export;
- a photocopy of the passport of the person filing the documents (certified by the embassy of the resident country);
- subject to licensing.
It takes 4 business days to make such a permit. One person has the right to withdraw no more than 5 Buddha statuettes at once.
Items of archaeological or antique value
Nothing found in ancient Thai ruins cannot be taken away by a tourist. The same applies to stylized copies: stones with engraving, «ancient» bricks and other reproductions of antiquity monuments. For copies, the rule described in the previous paragraph applies: for their export, a permit from the Department of Fine Arts or one of the institutions authorized to issue such documents is required:
- National Museum in Bangkok;
- National Museum in Chiang Mai;
- Phuket National Museum;
- National Museum in Songkhla.
The necessary documents, terms of issuing permits are similar for obtaining a license to export Buddha images.
According to Thai rules it is forbidden to export raw gems. Mostly because they could have been acquired illegally.
The transportation of such jewelry is considered to be smuggling not only in Thailand, but also in any other more or less civilized state.
Such a large number of restrictions and the presence of a complicated licensing procedure for the export of certain items from the country are successfully offset by the Thai disregard for the execution of laws. Everything described in this article should be considered some of the ideal rules that exist on paper and in the minds of some officials.
In practice, tourists often take out huge Buddha statues and unprocessed gems without any accompanying documents. How this system will work in a month or a year is not known. It can be assumed that the trend aimed at tightening law enforcement practice will prevail. This means that, just in case, you should be aware of the Thai rules for moving individual objects across the border.