Tallinn and its sights — a trip to a medieval tale
The centuries-old history of the ancient city located on the coast of the Gulf of Finland, allows every traveler to plunge into the mysterious, mysterious atmosphere. Gothic fortresses and towers, ancient places admire, amaze with their magnificence. The view from the sea gives hope to touch the roots of antiquity. The medieval buildings of the old city of Tallinn are in perfect harmony with luxurious hotels and boutiques, modern buildings. The amazing interweaving of peace and cleanliness, preserved over many hundreds of years, with a bright color of the current reality, makes it possible to consider the capital of Estonia to be a unique historical crossroad in the Baltic countries, and the old town is the main attraction of the Baltic States.
The pride of the locals are weathercocks installed everywhere. They are present on almost all rooftops. The wind, which is difficult to hide from, is considered the main feature of Tallinn, and the weather vane, as a way for people to know its direction, is one of the local attractions of the old city. In simple devices, decorated with many details, messages for descendants are stored, and gold-coated weather vanes were considered elements of prestige. The figures depicted on them eloquently tell about what life values the masters followed, and what they ask the Most High.
Town Hall Square
Tallinn’s favorite city and tourist destination is the center of the old city, where the town hall is located. Over the centuries, masters held meetings in it, and the journey of tourists begins with a visit to the main place of the capital. Cozy restaurants and cafes in the summer work almost without a break. At all times, the Town Hall Square has been considered the most public place in Tallinn, a pride and an important landmark. In the Middle Ages, there was always a busy market here. A centuries-old tradition has been preserved to establish the Christmas tree in the square. Today, the stately tree, sparkling with colored lights, pleases, uplifting long before the New Year.
The Gothic structure, the only surviving building in Northern Europe, still keeps ancient traditions. The interior of the two-story building is carefully guarded. Here you can see old paintings, intricate friezes. If you climb the tower, a magnificent panorama of the city opens, you can see all the sights from a distance. It also installed the famous symbol — a weather vane called Old Thomas. The doors of the old town hall are open at any time of the year for guests of the city.
The Dome Cathedral
Built in the XIII century, the cathedral church, periodically reconstructed. The historical chronicle speaks of a fire that had happened (XVII century), as a result of which many church decorations were irretrievably lost. Behind the external simplicity of the old tower building is a long history. Here for many centuries, burials of noblemen were carried out, whose graves, decorated with stone gravestones, have been preserved to this day. Created by the hands of a German master and established in 1878, the famous old organ, to this day amazes with its divine sound, it is one of the important sights of the holy place.
The pride of the Town Hall Square is the fair, it is arranged on the eve of the New Year and Christmas holidays. This is a period of unprecedented revival reigning throughout the central part of the city. Tallinn at this time is transformed beyond recognition. Trading rows are bursting with agricultural products. Locals are proud that the entertainment events, imbued with the special spirit of all time, and other sights of the old city attract travelers from everywhere. Glass, wooden souvenirs made by the hands of craftsmen, wicker, knitted products of local needlewomen create an unforgettable holiday atmosphere. The work of cafes and restaurants does not stop for a minute. To the great joy of the kids start the carousel.
Town Hall Pharmacy
One of the unique attractions of Tallinn can be called the current pharmacy. The history of commerce commercial institutions begins with the distant XV century. At the bottom of the building is a unique collection. The exposition is represented by historical documents, medical instruments, characterizing different periods of pharmaceutical development.
A table made of stone, the family coat of arms of Burchardt, who owned the building and the pharmacy business for many years, has survived to the present. Among them were doctors, pharmacists, who passed on each generation their skills and skills. The collection has preserved such unique medicinal exhibits such as:
- mummy drink;
- snake tincture;
- powder from worms, bats, unicorn;
- numerous herbs and other pharmacy sights.
In addition to the sale of potions, here briskly selling delicacies. After the import of tobacco into Estonia, the pharmaceutical businessmen were the first to organize trade.
Church of the Holy Spirit
The sacral structure, built in the XIV century, is one of the few monuments of antiquity, which retained the original appearance. The church, erected for ordinary parishioners, is still considered one of the most visited by ordinary people. A special attraction is the huge clock installed on the front facade in front of the main entrance, they lead the clock from time immemorial. The rich interior of the church fascinates gothic sculptures. The famous altar is a real work of art, a treasure for Estonia and the whole people. Stylish carved interior with unique windows, the ceiling leaves an unforgettable impression on everyone who visited the church.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
The Orthodox church, built in honor of the Great Prince of Novgorod, well preserved its appearance. In its place, a small church once operated, unable to accommodate all parishioners, and it was decided to build a spacious church on its territory, where all believers could get. In the sixties of the last century, the temple was planned to reconstruct and place the planetarium there, but caring citizens managed to defend the shrine, a unique landmark. The dark, majestic domes of the cathedral are clearly visible from afar. The mighty ensemble of 11 bells (the weight of the largest of them is 15 tons) carries the ringing bell, heard even in the most remote corners of Tallinn.
The fortress of Tallinn was built in the Middle Ages. It is located on a high hill. There is a legend that the Toompea Hill is the headstone of a Scandinavian hero. The inconsolable widow, mourning her beloved husband, dragged huge stones to his grave, so many of them gathered that a hill was formed at the burial site. The last stone Linda could not bring, she wept bitterly, and her tears formed a lake. The castle was finished building in the XIV century. The state flag flies on its high tower, and the local parliament holds meetings inside the building.
An interesting place, founded in 1957, personifying the agricultural life of local residents, is located on the outskirts of the city in the town of Rocca al Mare. Clean air allows you to enjoy walks, get acquainted with the agricultural architecture, learn a lot of curious about the life of ordinary workers in Estonia. A church, a tavern, a windmill and other interesting objects were built here. Guests of Tallinn can taste national dishes, skillfully prepared by local chefs.
A worthy object to visit is the TV tower in Tallinn, this grand building was erected on the occasion of the 1980 Olympic Games. For the sailing sport competitions, a high-quality broadcast of television programs was needed, so the building (314 meters) was erected quickly, and an observation deck was erected at a 175-meter height, a restaurant, whose space interior attracts many tourists.
Interesting places can be found throughout the Baltic States, but the capital’s pearl of Estonia, especially its old town, delights all the tourists who have ever been here. Ancient architecture stuns with its originality. Most medieval buildings have retained their original appearance. They captivate with their beauty, and time as if stops next to the majestic temples.