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Split (Croatia): the sights of the ancient city

What to see in Split: the sights of Croatia

The amazing city of Split is located on the peninsula of Marjan, famous for its architectural monuments and rich history. It is the second most populated locality in Croatia and a famous seaside resort. Going here to rest, you will not be disappointed. This is a kind of open-air museum, the main attractions of which are more than 1,700 years old. To decide what to see in Split in the first place is difficult. Start from the historic center. UNESCO has listed it on the World Heritage List.

Palace of the Roman Emperor

In ancient times, the land on the Adriatic coast belonged to the Romans. In the 3rd century, Emperor Diocletian began a large-scale construction of his residence. Marble for the magnificent palace was supplied from Greece, and granite columns were made by talented Egyptian craftsmen. When the massive rectangular building was built, the palace and the surrounding area were surrounded by a high stone fence to protect against enemies. Over time, people began to settle inside the residence of the emperor, and the city gradually emerged. That is why in Split the sights are able to convey to all the tourists their unique ancient spirit and tell unique stories ….

Now the palace is the most interesting place for guests of the city. Numerous wars have greatly changed its appearance, and there is little left of the great era in it. Preserved relics are definitely worth a look, they make an indelible impression.

  • After the death of Diocletian, he was buried in a mausoleum on the territory of the palace complex. The descendants of the first city dwellers in the 7th century built the Catholic Cathedral of St. Domnius on this site. Different architectural styles are beautifully intertwined in its external and internal decoration. A distinctive feature of the temple is a 60-meter bell tower, which can be seen from afar. Inside the cathedral you can see the altar of St. Domnius, a bust of Diocletian and unique sculptures.
  • Within the palace, the Romans erected a temple to Jupiter. It served the service of an ancient deity. Gradually, Christianity ousted the pagans, and the temple of Jupiter was converted into a baptistery, where the rite of infant baptism was performed. The building clearly shows the influence of Roman culture. His entrance is guarded by a sphinx sculpture, beheaded by medieval barbarians in the Middle Ages. Inside there is a monument to John the Baptist and ancient statues.
  • Peristyle is well preserved — a palace building surrounded by columns of marble. There the Romans held meetings and ceremonies.
  • Particular attention should be paid to the Golden and Silver gates. People used to enter the city through them. Even dilapidated, they look majestic and beautiful.

On the territory of the palace there are many shops located in old buildings. Residents of Split sell souvenirs and souvenirs for tourists.

Park and museums

In the western part of the city on the mountain Marjan there is a huge park planted with Mediterranean pines. It has walkways for pedestrians, cycling and jogging tracks, and tennis courts. Connoisseurs of antiquity can admire the wonderful ancient churches built right in the rocks. Stone steps carved into the rock lead to them. In the coastal zone of the park there are several beaches, where there are always many tourists and residents of the city.

Walking along the shady paths, you can visit the gallery of Ivan Meshtrovich, which is located in the park. There are works made of bronze, marble, wood and plaster. The famous sculptor made a great contribution to the cultural treasury of Croatia. On People’s Square, near the palace of the Roman emperor, stands the four-meter statue of Grgur Ninsky, created by Ivan Mashtrovichem. According to legend, in order to return to Split again, you need to touch the huge toe of the bronze bishop.

In a city with a rich history, many museums reflect the past of the Croatian people. You can visit:

  • Museum dedicated to the Croatian archaeological monuments. His expositions are quite interesting. There are stone sculptures of famous churches in Croatia, weapons of ancient Romans, Slavs and other peoples inhabiting the land at different times.
  • Ethnographical museum. It is easy to find in the town hall building. The exhibitions feature national men’s and women’s costumes, shoes, various pottery, wicker baskets and other household items.
  • Another archaeological museum, which houses valuable ancient coins, antique ceramics, glass of ancient Romans and jewels.

In the immediate vicinity of the palace of Diocletian is a museum of Emanuel Vidovic, a famous Croatian artist. It collected the work of the master. The pictures capture the landscapes of Split, still lifes and much more.

The Maritime Museum is located in the center of the old town, in the fortress of Gripp. There are often exhibitions devoted to the history of shipbuilding. Those interested can see the models of ships, values ​​raised from the bottom of the sea, and learn a lot about sea battles.

Be sure to include these museums in the list of what should be visited in Split and what you need to see. They will help you to know the city and the country well.

Embankment and urban surroundings

In the evenings, guests of the wonderful resort love to stroll along the central promenade, the pavement of which is lined with beautiful light tiles. Its length is about 250 meters. Cozy benches are set along the boulevard, sprawling palm trees are planted and flowerbeds are broken. There are often numerous cultural events, souvenirs are sold in shops. Recently, powerful lanterns were installed on the embankment and various cafes and restaurants were opened.

Resting in the city, be sure to explore its surroundings. You will find there many unique historical monuments and beautiful places.

5 km from Split, tourists can see the picturesque ruins of the ancient Roman city of Salona, ​​completely destroyed by Slavic tribes. There are such historical monuments:

  • the ruins of the city walls;
  • the ruins of the amphitheater;
  • cemetery of the ancient Romans.

Walking tour of these places lasts about 1.5 hours, which fly very fast.

If you want to learn more about Split about Croatia and the sights of this country, go on an excursion to Klis Fortress. It was built on top of a mountain, perfectly preserved to this day and is considered the largest defense structure in the country.

On the way back to Split you should see the cave of Vranjache, a stone’s throw away from the fortress. She was discovered in the early 20th century. Scientists have concluded that the cave was formed more than 3 thousand years ago. Inside it are huge stalactites and stalagmites. Small inclusions of quartz sparkle in the walls. The place is very beautiful and a bit creepy. Going there, grab warm clothes, the air temperature in the cave does not exceed 15-18 C.

Resting in Split, try to find time and go to the city of Trogir. Its old center is also under the protection of UNESCO and includes a well-preserved castle and other ancient buildings in the Gothic and Romanesque styles.

To feel the atmosphere of Split, you need to spend at least a few days here. His turbulent history and attractions will forever be remembered. You will definitely want to return here again, walk through the ancient streets, admire the historical monuments and swim in the warm Adriatic Sea.

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