Sights of Lisbon, Portugal
For the long history of its existence, the capital of Portugal has changed several names. The last and most melodious was Lisboa. In Russian, it is pronounced as Lisbon. Sights and mysterious atmosphere of the ancient city, associated with a great past, attract travelers with unusual and mysterious.
Lisbon has a special charm. He, like a magnet, attracts filmmakers, poets and writers. It can not be compared with the popular capitals of Europe, far and wide, as a base for tourists. He has a unique aura, formed by the steep turns of the history of Portugal.
In the area of Belem on the banks of the Tagus are concentrated many historical sites of Lisbon. To inspect everything, it will take several days. It is best to start with those that deserve special attention. They will talk about the past power and prosperity of the country, the largest maritime empire of the past centuries.
Torre de Belém and Padrão dos Descobrimentos
The ancient Belem Tower (XVI century) is not only a unique symbol of Lisbon. She is ranked among the 7 wonders of Portugal and is on the UNESCO List. In 1514, Manuel I ordered the construction of a monumental watchtower to protect the city from the sea. Architect Francisco de Arruda, 6 years working on its construction, applied a new decorative style that emerged in Portugal — Manueline. The name came from the name of the monarch, who was fond of the construction of structures of unique beauty.
There is a marine theme in Manueline: the ropes are intertwined with floral ornaments, shells and artichoke fruits, which served as a remedy for scurvy. The eclecticism of architectural details is amazing.
The teeth of the Gothic form are decorated with crosses of the Knights Templar, the angular eastern turrets side by side with a balcony and a gallery in the spirit of the Italian Renaissance. In the fancy decor of the Belem Fortress, the influence of geographical discoveries and traditions of other countries is noticeable. One of the most recognizable architectural monuments of Lisbon has become the hallmark of the capital.
Not far from the tower is Padrão dos Descobrimentos — a monument to the discoveries (XX century). On board the ship, aspiring to unknown lands, is a group of 32 people. In addition to the pioneers of Vaska da Gama, Magellan and others, it included emblematic figures of the epoch: Heinrich the Navigator initiated the search for new lands, the poet Louis Camoens sang the exploits of the sailors.
Torre de Belém and Padrão dos Descobrimentos on the map
Moshteyrou dos Jeronimos
The monastery of the Hieronymos was built around the same period as Belém. The two iconic sights of Lisbon have a lot in common: the Manueline style, an ancient origin, the absence of serious damage after the earthquake of 1755 and the inclusion on the UNESCO list. Both were created by the decision of Manuel I. The monks of the Order of Jerónimos were to pray for the king and the successful return of seafarers from distant countries.
The Portuguese and guests of the city consider the monastery of St.. Jerome on Praca do Imperio the most beautiful temple of Portugal. It was designed by architect Juan di Castilla. In the former monastery, much is admired: columns richly decorated with Lombard ornaments, tiled paintings of azulezhush, an openwork gallery with stone lace arches.
Mosteiro dos Jerónimos became the burial place of King Manuel. The skillfully executed figure of the monarch, lying on the lid of the sarcophagus, is striking with realism. Here the last shelter was found by people who glorified the country: the discoverer of Vasco da Gama and the poet Luis de Camoes.
Moshteyrou dos Jeronimos on the map
Castelo de sao jorge
At the top of one of the 7 hills of Lisbon stands the fortress of St. George, which marked the beginning of the city. The battlements of the colossal defensive structure of 1147 are visible from everywhere. Terrible view of Kashtalu de Sau Zhorzhe reminds of the past greatness of the country, the glorious victories of the first King of Portugal Afonso the Conqueror over the Romans and Moors. A ceramic panel of azulechush on the viewing platform of Miradouro de Santa Luzia tells about one of the knightly deeds of the past.
From XIII to XVI centuries. The castle served as a royal residence, government decisions were made here, national heroes were honored. As a result of earthquakes in 1531 and 1755. the fortress was destroyed, only a few fragments remained. During the reign of dictator Antonio de Salazar, who positioned himself as a defender of traditional values, the fortress of St. George was completely restored. The castle is located on Rua de Santa Cruz. Walk from the city center takes only half an hour.
One of the main attractions of Lisbon, the medieval Castelo de São Jorge has always attracted tourists. From the fortress walls there are magnificent views of the old city center, the Tagus, the statue of Krishta Rei, the bridge on April 25th. New impressions of Lisbon can be obtained in the Ulysses tower with a camera obscura.
Those who are interested to look at the castle from the side, should go to Miradouro da Nossa Senhora do Monte — the best observation deck of the capital on the street with the same name. In addition to the fortress, from there you can see the bay of Mar da Palha, the castle of San Jorge, the ruins of the Carmo Monastery, Monsanto Park and other interesting objects. All of them are shown in the Azulezhush panel, decorated as a map with landmarks.
Castelo de São Jorge on the map
Popular museums of Lisbon
Azulezhu Museum of Ceramics (1980) has no analogues in Europe. White-blue ceramic tiles (azul — translated as «blue») with a manual painting produced only Portuguese and partly Spanish masters. The rich exposition includes an exhibition of azulezhush different years and species.
In the halls of the museum is stored a unique panel, which captures the appearance of Lisboa before destruction. Here you can learn everything about the production process. The museum is located in the ancient church (XVI century), which is the property of the state.
Carriage Museum, founded by Queen Amelia, also decorated with azulechush. The date of its creation is 1905. It is always a lot of visitors, considering the magnificent specimens, delivered from different European countries. Museum address: Avenida da Índia, 136.
Museu do Fado (Fadu Museum)
Fado Portuguese singing is an unusual musical genre, vaguely reminiscent of Russian “suffering”. It is listed by UNESCO. According to one theory, fado is based on the songs of the wives and brides of sailors who have long sailed.
The museum contains a lot of interesting exhibits: rare musical recordings of famous fadishta (fado performers), documentaries, photos and much more. The premises of the museum are decorated with thematic paintings. There is an audio guide in several languages and a room equipped with multimedia. If you’re lucky, you can get to the concert of popular artists.
Residents of Portugal do not speak Russian and not everyone knows English. A tourist map of Lisbon with sights in Russian will help you better navigate the place.
Yellow Bus Yellow Bus is a convenient and economical way to explore the city on your own. Having studied the multicolored route schemes, you can easily make a plan for visiting the sights. The bus will deliver to the selected objects.