Golden sights of the city of Seville
Seville is the capital of Andalusia, one of the Spanish autonomous regions in the south of the country, and the fourth largest city in Spain (700 thousand people). The appearance of this blooming city was influenced by representatives of different cultures: Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs and, of course, Spaniards. As the Spanish proverb says: “He who has not seen Seville has not seen a miracle.” This is a city that embodies the idea of »classical Spain».
City `s history
The first settlement on the territory of modern Seville was erected in the 3rd millennium BC. Phoenicians. In the middle of the second millennium, the Romans came to these places and founded the port city of Gispalis here.
In 712, the city was conquered by the Arabs, who made it the capital of the Ishbillah province, from which the name Seville derives. In 844, the city suffered a devastating raid by the Normans.
In the first third of the 11th century, after the collapse of the Cordoba Caliphate, the power of the typhoid dynasty was established in the city. Under her, the city flourished and grew rich, which attracted the interest of the Berbers, who in 1091 seized and robbed it.
Seville became Christian on the November day of 1248, when the city was conquered by King Ferdinand III of Castile during the Reconquista.
After the discovery of America for two whole centuries, Seville became the largest trading city and art center in Spain. This is due to the fact that at the beginning of the XVI century Seville received a monopoly on trade with the lands discovered by Columbus.
In the middle of the XVII century, the value of the city began to decline. This was facilitated by the departure from Seville of the Moorish artisans pursued by the Inquisition, the growing importance of the port of Cadiz, the shallowing of the Guadalquivir River and, finally, the plague epidemic, which reduced the population of the city by half. In the eighteenth century, the monopoly on trade with America was lost. As one of the symbols of the great past near the port of the city stands the most famous of its famous landmarks — the Golden Tower, built by the Arabs back in the XIII century. Now it houses the Maritime Museum.
The new flowering of the city began only in the 1960s and continues to this day. In 1992, Seville was identified as one of the centers celebrating the 500th anniversary of the discovery of America.
Sights of Seville
In Spain, Arab and European architecture fancifully united; This especially affected the appearance of Andalusia and, of course, Seville.
In one day, see all the sights of Seville is impossible. But if you have a time limit, and only one day to visit this wonderful city, you should definitely visit the Alcazar — an amazing palace, a sample of the filigree Moorish style, as well as the magnificent Cathedral.
The Alcazar palace-fortress was built on the ruins of an Arab fortress in the middle of the XIV century and is one of the best examples of the Mudejar style, a synthetic architectural style, in which elements of Moorish, Gothic and Renaissance art are closely intertwined.
For nearly 700 years, the Alcazar was the palace of the Spanish kings. To this day, on its upper floors is the official residence of the royal family
In addition to the exquisite architecture, Alcazar gardens deserve a lot of attention. Waterfalls, fountains, pools, sculptures and terraces with lush trees replace each other.
An interesting fact: scenes of the popular television series “Game of Thrones” were filmed in the palace premises.
This huge cathedral was built at the beginning of the 15th century and is the third largest Christian cathedral in Europe (after St. Peter’s Cathedral in Rome and St. Paul’s Cathedral in London) and the largest Gothic one.
The highest arch height is 56 meters. In the royal chapel in the Renaissance style with a magnificent dome are the tombs of King Alphons X Astronomer and his mother.
The altar of the cathedral, richly decorated with beautiful gratings in the refined architectural style of the plateresque, shocks with its luxury and size. This is a huge construction height of 7 meters. Sculptures of the 13th and 14th centuries are installed on it, the most famous of which is the ancient sculpture of the Virgin Mary.
The stained glass windows of the cathedral are also stunning with beauty; the oldest of them are over 500 years old.
The magnificent decor of the cathedral, many fine details, the work of famous Spanish artists make it an outstanding monument of architecture and history. The cathedral is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is believed that the great navigator Christopher Columbus is buried there.
Near the cathedral is the Giralda bell tower, rebuilt from a Muslim minaret. This is one of the symbols of Seville, a graceful and majestic, beautifully decorated building. The height of the bell tower reaches 114 meters, and from its observation deck you can look at the magnificent panorama of the city.
Among other architectural and cultural sights of Seville, which have survived to this day, which are worth a visit, should be noted:
The monumental building in the Renaissance style was built in the second half of the XVI century. This building served as a kind of ministry for the Spanish colonies, and from the end of the 18th century all Spanish documents related to the discovery and colonization of America are kept here. Among them: reports of Christopher Columbus, reports of the first conquistadors and settlers and other interesting evidence. The archive is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
San Telmo Palace
The building was erected at the end of the 17th century for the cadets of the marine guard. The magnificent facade, decorated with a sculpture of St. Thelma, is overloaded with architectural details, which is typical of Andalusian baroque.
Royal Tobacco Factory Building
One of the oldest industrial buildings, built at the beginning of the XVIII century. Monumental architectural ensemble. It was here that the famous Carmen, the heroine of the immortal work of Prosper Merimee, worked. Now in this building is the university.
One of the most beautiful buildings in the style of plateresque in the world, it was built at the beginning of the 16th century. Inside are preserved paintings of famous Spanish artists.
The architectural jewel of Seville, made in a mixture of two styles: Mudejara and Spanish Renaissance style. The construction of this attraction was completed in 1630. Named so because the palace, it was decided to give a similarity with the Jerusalem villa of Pontius Pilate. The palace is decorated with blue tiles, a magnificent colonnade, immersed in shady greenery. Inside the magnificent courtyard you can look at the statues of the Roman gods, relax under the murmur of fountain jets.
Built at the expense of the Seville aristocrat Don Miguel Manyar, who, according to legend, served as the prototype of the famous Don Juan.
This work of landscape art. Part of the park is a botanical garden where you can look at subtropical plants. On the rest of the territory there are beautiful alleys with benches, statues, fountains and pavilions. During the day there are many tourists, and in the evening they are joined by citizens.
Church of Santa Maria la Blanca
It was erected on the site of a mosque, which, in turn, was replaced by a synagogue. At the end of the 14th century, the synagogue was converted into a Catholic church. Thus, the building of the church belonged to three faiths in sequence. At the end of the 17th century, the church was rebuilt in the style of Andalusian Baroque, one of the most striking architectural styles. Inside the building are magnificent works of Spanish artists.
Seville is a beautiful city in which the cultural and historical heritage of Arab and Christian civilizations organically intertwines.