Sardinia Island Attractions
Sunny Italy annually receives tourists from different countries. Not only its mainland, but also the islands, especially Sardinia, enjoy success. In it at various times the most many peoples lived (first local — ancient Nuraghe, then Phoenicians, Arabs, Romans, Greeks, Spaniards, etc.), therefore there remained a large number of various historical monuments.
In this place there are quite attractive natural conditions: the sun is bright, but not burning, the sea is especially clear, a lot of greenery, which allows you to forget about the stuffy cities. The answer to the question, what to see in Sardinia, is quite simple to find. But we will still try to help you with this by telling in the article about the most interesting places of the island.
Interesting cultural and natural sites
This island is a favorite vacation spot not only for foreign tourists, but also for Italians themselves. It is replete with historical monuments and natural. Many famous sights of Sardinia are in its capital — Cagliari:
- Cathedral of St. Mary;
- fortress (II Castello) with the bastion of San Remy;
- National Archaeological Museum;
- Roman Amphitheater;
- Botanical Garden;
- the medieval fortress of San Michele;
- natural park Molentardzhus;
- Su-Nuraxi tower 50 km from the city, in the village of Barumini;
- 3 Torre towers.
A visit to Cagliari will be enough to enjoy the ancient history, as well as the nature of Sardinia. However, the island boasts other objects worthy of the tourist’s attention:
- the ruins of the ancient city of Nora;
- Mount Ortobene;
- Neptune’s grotto;
- Moon Valley and many others. others
Cagliari and history
If you are going to visit the island, first of all it is advisable to go to this city. Its sights are of particular historical and cultural value.
St. Mary’s Cathedral was built from XIII to XVII century. In the thirteenth century the clergy decided to turn the small church into the main abode and began to rebuild it (Italy is a place of special veneration for St. Mary). Now this is a huge gorgeous building, replete with sculptures, wall paintings and mosaics, inside preserved medieval frescoes, columns and arches. The cathedral is distinguished by excellent acoustics, and many people always gather here for services, as well as concerts of religious and classical music. Pilgrims come here.
The fortress of Cagliari was built in the period of the Republic of Pisa in the XII century. Now only a part of the fortress wall remains between the two bastions: San Remy and Santa Caterina. The first one is built in classic style, topped with an arch with Corinthian columns and equipped with wide staircases. The largest one leads to the highest point of the bastion — the terrace of Umberto I. It offers a beautiful view of the city and the sea. Currently, there are cafes on the terrace and around the bastion, benches and lanterns are set up, so both San Remi and the whole fortress are a convenient place for walks.
The island is also famous for its national archaeological museum in Cagliari. It contains exhibits from the VI. BC. to the eighth century. AD — from the Neolithic to the period of the Byzantine Empire. On the first floor, artifacts are systematized according to the time of origin, on the second floor — territorially. In each hall, finds from various regions of the country are exhibited, practically all of ancient Italy is “assembled”. Especially interesting are the collection of ancient bronze figurines of nuragic culture, models of military towers, the statue of the goddess Astarte.
The ancient Roman amphitheater belongs to the I-II centuries. AD, and still there are staged performances and concerts: the building has excellent acoustics. It is regularly restored, but try to keep as close as possible to the original.
The fortress of San Michele is located on a hill in the park, a serpentine road leads to it. It was built in the XIV century. to protect the north of the city, from the XVI to the middle of the XX century. It was abandoned, now it is located in the center of culture and the arts.
The Su-Nuraksi Tower is one of the main historical monuments to the ancient Nuragans who inhabited the island before the arrival of the Romans. Like other similar buildings, this is a tower of boulders, but scientists have not yet determined its significance.
Torre Towers are also significant sights. They were built for the defense of the city in the XV century, the most famous of them — Torre del Elephanta, decorated with the figure of an elephant. Now from the tops of the towers you can admire the panoramas of the city.
Beauty of nature
Of the natural objects of Cagliari, it is worth to highlight the botanical garden, founded in the XIX century. Professor P. Jennari. Various landscapes are recreated in it: deciduous forest, swamps, deserts, mountains, even caves with special vegetation, lawns and flower beds are equipped, fountains work. In terms of vegetation, not only the island of Sardinia is depicted here, but almost the whole world. In addition, remains of ancient Roman water supply systems, antique tanks for watering plants and artificial grottoes were found in these places.
Molentargus Park is also popular with tourists visiting the island. This is a nature reserve inhabited by flamingos, cormorants, herons and storks. It consists predominantly of swamps and lakes and is beautiful at any time of the year: in the spring flowers abundantly bloom here, by the autumn the water in the lakes gets a reddish tinge, salt edges appear near the banks.
Other tourist places
Sardinia attractions are numerous, they can be found in any part of it.
The island is famous for the ruins of ancient cities. The most famous of them is Nora. This is the first city of Sardinia, now almost completely flooded. Almost all Mediterranean civilizations owned it, its entire history is reflected in the ruins. Guided tours to the city are required. Among the most interesting surviving artifacts include:
- stone stele, on which the name of Sardinia is written in Phoenician;
- mosaics, ancient columns and the ancient Roman theater, in which the «Poets’ Night» is held in summer.
Mount Ortobene is a granite hill with a statue of Christ on the top. The structure was built in 1901 in honor of the 19th centuries of Christianity. Numerous pilgrims come to her, and locals hold picnics on the top of the mountain, for which there are tables. August 29 at the foot of the statue are mass in bright clothes.
Neptune’s Grotto — caves 25 km from the city of Alghero. There you can go down the long stairs (659 steps) to a manhole pierced in the rock or sail on a boat. The main attractions of the grotto:
- Ruin Hall;
- pebble beach;
- Royal Hall with a column;
- The musical tribune from which the beauties of the grotto are best seen;
- salt lake la marmora.
Neptune’s Grotto is famous for its colorful stalactites and stalagmites, fancy mineral formations and slants.
The Moon Valley is a pasture in the mountains in front of the town of Aggius, surrounded by fancy granite rocks (due to erosion). Such a place is associated with other planets. That is why the valley was named the Moon.
Italy is a country where sights can be found everywhere: in cities and villages, near and far from the sea, on the mainland and islands. But the island of Sardinia is notable for the fact that it is focused especially on a lot of historical and cultural values, and its nature is amazingly beautiful.