The most interesting sights of Rostov Veliky
This ancient city in the Yaroslavl region on the shore of Lake Nero is one of the cities in the Golden Ring complex. The sights of Rostov the Great are, first of all, churches and other buildings with a long and interesting history.
Memo for tourists
Objects worth seeing for everyone:
- The Kremlin and its ancient temples: the churches of the Resurrection, Odigitrii, the temples of John the Divine, the Savior on the Senate, the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin
- Avraamiev-Epiphany Monastery;
- the monastery of Boris and Gleb;
- Savior Yakovlevsky Monastery;
- Museum of enamel;
- art gallery «Horse»;
- Museum «Tsarevna Frog»;
- the museum-cafe «Lukova settlement»;
- Lake Nero;
- gymnasium them. A.L. Kekina;
- shopping arcade.
Those who expect to see the city in one day will have to limit themselves to visiting the Kremlin, for exploring other territories of Rostov the Great and sights it takes much more time.
This complex is, in fact, the calling card of the city. It is spread over a fairly large area (2 hectares), surrounded by walls with towers and tower tents. Inside there are 5 ancient temples and the Museum “Rostov Kremlin”, in which there are many expositions, both permanent and temporary.
The complex also includes utility rooms, and in the center of the courtyard there is a pond. The Kremlin was built in the 17th century, but, unlike most other similar structures, it was not a fortress, it was erected as the residence of the Rostov-Yaroslavl diocese, it was united into a single ensemble later.
Churches and temples in the Kremlin
- Assumption Cathedral: 1 of the most ancient in the city, central in the temple composition of the Kremlin. Looks like the Assumption Cathedral in Moscow. This is a five-domed temple with onion domes, the walls are divided by shoulder blades into zones (3 from the west, 4 from the north and south). The iconostasis is baroque, installed in the XVIII century. In general, the cathedral has not changed much since those times.
Nearby is the belfry, also divided by blades, belts (across), the architecture is very similar to this cathedral. It has 13 bells, each has its own name and unique sound. The acoustics are especially good due to the voids in the upper tiers and proximity to the lake.
- Church of the Resurrection — a temple with 5 chapters, towering above the northern gate.
- Temple of John the Divine. Its architecture is a five-headed quadrangle on the basement, on the walls are elongated cylindrical drums, because of which it seems to stretch towards the sky.
- The Church of the Icon of Odigitria is a small two-storey rectangular building with a balcony on the 2nd floor, also adjacent to the Kremlin wall.
- Temple of the Savior on the Senya. It is distinguished by a high basement and rare for the XVIII century. eight-ceiling, as well as an arcade on gilded pillars. Inside the temple is decorated with murals of the XVII century.
Also on the territory of the Kremlin there is an observation deck, which offers a panorama of temples and Lake Nero.
Those who have planned a 1 or 2 day tour to Rostov the Great should also visit its ancient monasteries, first of all, Avraamiev-Bogoyavlensky. It was built in the XI or XII century. on the site of the ancient temple of Veles and symbolizes the victory of Christianity over paganism. Distinguished by a majestic temple, erected on the model of Yaroslavl: 4 pillars, 5 chapters, a gallery in the southern part, as well as 3 chapels dedicated to John the Theologian, Rostov Abraham (founder of the monastery) and John the Baptist.
Another famous monastery is Borisoglebsky. It is included in the list of objects that must be visited on trips around the Golden Ring. This monastery is located outside the city, in the village of Borisoglebsky. Erected at the end of the XIV century. It was rebuilt several times. Now it is a large complex that includes, in addition to the outbuildings, the Cathedral of Boris and Gleb, the Church of the Annunciation and St. Sergius, the Church of St. John the Forerunner and its belfry, the cell of Irinarch the Recluse.
Also, believers and tourists just lovers of antiquity should see the Spaso-Yakovlevsky Monastery. It is surrounded by walls decorated with four towers with 8 faces, and the ensemble itself includes the Zachatievsky Cathedral, the Yakovlevskaya and Dmitriyevsky churches and the three-tiered bell tower. The monastery keeps the relics of famous saints — Dimitry of Rostov and Jacob, there is a spring with holy water in the courtyard, and from one of the walls you can admire the surroundings.
Those who are looking for what to see in Rostov Veliky besides shrines are recommended to go to its museums. 1 of the most interesting and visited is the museum of finifti. This is the name of artistic enamel with which metal products are covered. In Rostov Veliky, the tradition of such painting became particularly popular. The museum is located at the Rostov Enamel Factory, and it exhibits the best samples of products: souvenirs, jewelry (including jewelry), icons (ordinary and miniature), household items. Also actively demonstrated and sold the latest collection of jewelry. Enamel has a special filigree and durability, so this business remains so popular.
Similar exhibitions are held and the gallery «Horse». Also, in addition to the collections of artistic enamel, here you can see the exhibition «The City Life of the XIX-XX Centuries», numerous works by contemporary artists and craftsmen, to participate in master classes and conferences.
Those who come to the city with children are recommended to take them to the museum of the Frog Princess. It provides an interactive tour of this tale (visitors pass the same tests as its heroes), as well as a collection of amphibian figures.
Another very peculiar museum in this city is Lukova Sloboda. The program of his visit includes:
- interactive tour, where they tell about the history of onion cultivation in these places, its benefits, the rules of caring for it and related superstitions;
- treat at the cafe dishes of onion.
Other interesting places
Another significant attraction is Lake Nero. There are beaches on its coast, boat stations work, so the real rest will be the opportunity to swim in it by boat and admire the Kremlin and the Spaso-Yakovlevsky monastery or take a swim in fairly clean water.
Also outside the city on the lake there are many recreation centers that operate year-round and offer many activities, including flying on a hang-glider, walking along the shore, and in winter — snowmobiling and kiting. Nero has entertainment for both children and adults.
From the old buildings stands out a gymnasium founded by merchant A.L. Kekin is the oldest educational institution in the city. It was built in the style of neoclassicism, decorated with columns, sculptures and stucco. The gymnasium is operating, it also has an observatory.
Another very beautiful historical object is the shopping arcade — a complex of shops with arched openings, porticos and colonnades. They continue to fulfill their function — the market works here.
The sights of Rostov the Great are attractive primarily for its antiquity. Walking through them evokes a feeling of movement in time many centuries ago. Inspect all the unique places of the city does not work either for one or for two days. Therefore, those who watched them 1 time, want to return to this city.