Omsk and its sights
Omsk, the second largest city of Siberia, to someone who is not familiar with it, seems rather severe. However, it has a small but rich history and has gone from a small border fortress to a large industrial and cultural center.
The sights of the city are associated, above all, with its role and place in the life of our country, which have changed over the centuries. Omsk for some time and became a stronghold of the Cossacks — courageous explorers of Siberia, and the capital of the White movement, the city where he settled for a while the supreme ruler of Russia — Admiral Kolchak, who challenged the Bolsheviks in the Civil War.
There are not so many historic buildings here, but they hide interesting and sometimes mysterious stories. The abundance of monuments, the beauty of the great Siberian rivers of Omi and the Irtysh, magnificent places in the vicinity, amusement parks — all this attracts tourists, which Omsk greets with pleasure.
To feel the spirit and atmosphere of a large Siberian city, its guests are advised to stroll along the embankment of the great Irtysh river. It is convenient and comfortable, is a favorite place for jogging and recreation of residents. Here is the house of the merchant Batyushkov, which today is considered both the Palace of Marriages and the center for studying the White movement, because Kolchak’s headquarters was located here.
The main attraction of the embankment is a powerful, wide and turbulent river, whose waters are an excellent background for photographs. There are also many cafes, shopping centers, which you can visit if necessary.
- Local History Museum
One of the first in the region and in the young Soviet state. The formation of collections began in the XIX century, when the West-Siberian department of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society founded the museum.
During the Great Patriotic War, it was a repository for many valuables and works of art evacuated from regions located close to the front.
The pearls of the museum are the Chinese winged Shih Tzu lions from cast iron, a three-meter skeleton of a woolly mammoth. In general, the exposition tells about the history of the region, preserving and demonstrating the Old Believers’ costumes, the Cossack banner, the rarest icons, and even the French car of the beginning of the twentieth century, written specifically for the secretary of the Omsk city government.
Although the city during the Great Patriotic War was deep in the rear, it can be safely said that he would not hold military glory. Omsk volunteers recorded on the front, among them many heroes. By the 40th anniversary of the victory by the initiative of veterans, this museum was created.
Several expositions tell about the life of Omsk during the war years, about the heroism of the inhabitants of the city who went to the front. Here you can visually trace life on the front lines and in the rear. There are items of uniforms and weapons of Soviet and fascist soldiers, civilians.
The museum is equipped with the latest interactive equipment, which is designed to enhance the impression of viewing the exhibits: front-line songs are played, photographs about life during the war change.
Located in the architectural monument — a wooden house — the museum of one of the most famous Siberian landscape painters of the twentieth century is definitely a landmark. It is located on the so-called «Omsk Arbat», in the mansion of the businessman of the early twentieth century Stumpf. The museum exhibits about 700 exhibits, most of which are works of the famous painter.
One of the main attractions of the city. She appeared at the beginning of the XVIII century on the shores of Omi. Cossacks, soldiers lived there, and there were also rooms for convicts and exiles. There were four gates overlooking different roads and the steep bank of the river. However, later another commander raised the question of the foundation of a new fortress, more functional and suitable for life and work.
Built in the 60s of the XVIII century, it had several bastions and semi-bastions. The location was chosen on the opposite bank of the Omi. A garrison school, an Asian school, a guardhouse, a church for Lutherans and the Orthodox Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ, the house of the commandant, ceihgauz and a convict fortress were erected within the fortress. In it among other prisoners for some time kept and F. M. Dostoevsky.
Today the fortress is under reconstruction. Restored two gates, money storage. In the wall of the fortress there is a small exposition telling about the life of the soldiers who served here.
Omsk Literary Museum named after F. M. Dostoevsky
In the plan of one of the days of sightseeing of the city center, you can include a visit to this museum. It is located in the former home of the serf commandants. The expositions are devoted to the literary life of Omsk and Siberia as a whole, as well as the creative path of the great Dostoevsky.
A special attraction of the museum is a separate room, decorated as a convict closet garret. It was in such conditions that the great writer lived, day after day nurturing the plans for «Notes from the Dead House.»
House of the merchant Batyushkov
His second name is Kolchak’s House. It was here that the former admiral lived and worked, who until the last days tried to save the gone Russia. During one of the attempts on Kolchak, part of the house collapsed. However, the structure was restored, and today it is pleasing to the eye and Omsk, and tourists.
- Cossack Cathedral of St. Nicholas
This temple has its history since the foundation of a small church, built with funds raised by the Siberian Cossack army in the middle of the XIX century. The cathedral was erected in the style of Russian classicism, designed by the famous architect Stasov. The majestic columns, dome, bell tower, elegant portico make Nikolsky Cathedral a real landmark of the city.
In the temple you can admire the luxurious iconostasis and paintings, there is the Abalaksky icon of the Virgin Mary, the image of the main holy city — John of Tobolsk. For lovers of history, this place is interesting because one of the important subjects for the Cossacks and Russian patriots is stored here — a copy of the replacement of Yermak, who horrified and put Khan Kuchum to flight.
Near the temple there is a green cozy square in which you can take a leisurely stroll, especially if you have allocated more than one day to see the sights of Omsk.
Holy Assumption Cathedral
This amazing cathedral is included in the world catalog of temple culture. This is a beautiful building that you must see, even if you come to Omsk for just one day. His first stone was laid by the last Russian emperor Nicholas II. The basis for the design took the famous St. Petersburg Savior on Blood, but a few reworked the drawings, and as a result a unique temple was built.
During the Civil War, the Holy Dormition Cathedral was the main shrine for the White movement. In 1935 the temple was blown up by the Bolsheviks, the bells were melted down. But already in the XXI century, the cathedral was restored, creating an exact copy of the destroyed one. The square on which it stands is renamed the Cathedral.
Lutheran Church of Martyr Catherine in Omsk
This is the oldest building in the city in which prayer was performed. It was built for prisoners of war, mostly Swedes, engaged in the construction of the Omsk fortress in the XVIII century. Later, ethnic Germans who worked on the Siberian lines also became parishioners of the church. One of the regular visitors to the church was the chief-general of the West Siberian province.
The church of St. Catherine is made in the characteristic Siberian architectural style and is one of the attractions of the city, decorating it. Today it houses the Museum of the Office of Internal Affairs of the Omsk region. However, the appearance of the Lutheran Church is in no way changed.
What to see in Omsk, in addition to the above attractions? The city has many sculptures and monuments. The most interesting of them are:
- a monument to Mikhail Vrubel;
- Fyodor Dostoevsky monument;
- a monument to the traffic police car;
- sculpture dedicated to the work of plumbers «Plumber Stepanych»;
- «Running Man»;
- sculptural composition «Dynamic balance»;
- monument to home front workers.
Omsk is a very beautiful, ambiguous city. Young and modern, he simultaneously keeps the memory of his rich history and reveals it to everyone in his reserved places.