Sights of Nizhny Novgorod
Nizhny Novgorod is often called the “Volga capital of Russia”. The reasons for comparing it with the main city become obvious to everyone who visited it, became acquainted with its history, saw memorable places and sights with its own eyes.
The city, formed in 1221 at the confluence of the Oka and Volga, was indeed the capital of five minutes. After the fire in Moscow, which happened during the Patriotic War with the French army of Napoleon, it was here that the industrial, merchant and cultural elite began to gather. Soon the largest Makaryevskaya Fair took place here.
He did not become the capital then, but this event served as a powerful impetus for its economic and cultural development. It was here that the well-known all over the world folk craft of painting of dishes and furniture — Khokhloma originated. Today, this city has preserved many monuments of temple, city architecture and art, confirming its ancient Russian Slavic historical identity. So, what sights of the Lower should be examined?
Popular Nizhny Novgorod sights
Guests of the city have something to see in Nizhny Novgorod. It will be interesting both for traveling students and families with children. Here are the most attractive historical places that tourists visited here recommend:
- Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin;
- Pechersky Monastery;
- House of Peter the Great;
- St. Michael the Archangel Cathedral;
- Annunciation Monastery;
- Gorky Museum of Childhood or «House of Kashirin» and its museum-apartment;
- Museum «Shchelkovsky farm»;
- Cathedral Mosque;
- Nizhny Novgorod Fair;
- Smolensk Church;
- Alexander Nevsky Cathedral;
- Nizhny Novgorod Orthodox Museum.
And that is not all! Only places that are closely connected with the history of the state and the city itself can be listed for a long time and much. But there is still a lot of interesting from the point of view of modern science and culture, landscape wealth and diversity. So you should not plan a trip for one day, if you want to see all the attractions of the Lower.
The history of the Lower Orthodox churches
- Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin
Having been in Nizhny Novgorod, it is impossible not to visit its historical most ancient part in the center — the Kremlin. Founded at the beginning of the 16th century, it was supposed to serve as a fortress-protection against the raids of the Tatar hordes. Supervised the construction of an Italian architect, sent from Moscow, Pietro Francesco. Behind the fortified 13 towers wall, two kilometers in length, there was a military garrison, weapons and ammunition depots. Each tower had its own name and purpose. The sixteenth century for the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin was saturated with military battles. However, he resisted and was never in the hands of the enemy.
From the beginning of January 1714, Peter I formed the Nizhny Novgorod Province, and the Kremlin became its administrative center.
Today, the “Stone City”, as the locals call it, represents both the historical-artistic and socio-political part of the culture of Russia. There is an exposition in the Ivanovo Tower, which is dedicated to the 1612 people’s militia of Nizhny Novgorod. Its leaders were Minin and Pozharsky. Their names remained on the tables of history as an example of heroism that rallied the Russian people in the face of the interventionists.
The appearance of the Pechersk monastery on the Novgorod land dates back to 1328 and is attributed to St. Dionysius, who created a monastery in the city in the image and likeness of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. First, the monks who settled in the cave built a small church, later they grew up with the help of local residents in a monumental monastery.
This is the cathedral where Dmitry Pozharsky came to Archimandrite Theodosius before deciding to take charge of the people’s militia. Here the bells were poured on the guns during the war with the Swedes. Today the museum of the history of the Nizhny Novgorod diocese is located on its territory.
The Annunciation Monastery was one of the first city cathedrals that Grand Duke Yury Vsevolodovich built in the 13th century. It is located on the right bank of the Oka. These picturesque places to get around is simply impossible. And though not one of the authentic buildings has survived to this day, the legend about the second birth of the temple remains.
According to this legend, allegedly one day, Metropolitan Alexei, going on a dangerous trip to the Horde, passed by the ruins of the Annunciation Monastery. He took a vow to rebuild the building in the event of a successful return. Returning safe and sound, the metropolitan opened the second breath of monastic life. In the 18th century, a monument of Russian church music from the 12th and 13th centuries — “Kondakar” was found here.
Now the monastery is a major architectural ensemble, a monument in the pseudo-Russian style of northeastern architecture with an ancient iconostasis and frescoes. One main cathedral in perfect harmony with the two churches that are close by, the Assumption and Alekseevskaya. Here you can visit the bell tower, from which you can clearly see the Oka and the urban surroundings.
- Animal world
In Nizhny Novgorod there are unique places where there are many interesting things, where you just need to go with your child. One of these is the exotarium on Bolshaya Pskovskaya. Here is collected the largest collection of reptiles, amphibians, mammals, fish, invertebrates and birds in the Volga region. Here you can see animals, which until then had been met only in photographs and on television:
- monitor lizards;
- stick insects;
- eared urchins;
- degu and many others.
An interesting history of creation has a city zoo «Limpopo» in the Moscow region. It began with an open-air cage for a rescued owl and squirrel family, where a wolf had come and later threw a bear cub, which grew into a bear Lyalu. Now it is not just an exhibition. Today its territory is a whole country. The pride of its creators is the farm, the contact zoo «Russian Village», where you can feed and iron animals, feeling their love and warmth.
Come to the bottom with the kids better in the summer. In the warm season, there is a children’s railway waiting for them here. Get the opportunity to independently manage the old steam locomotive or locomotive, you can try yourself in this profession right here. Everything here is real, from the track and railway transport of various categories to stokers, machinists and ticket collectors, however, their age is 10-16 years.
Of particular interest in the concept of rest with the child in Nizhny Novgorod is the Museum of entertaining sciences «Quark». There is a lot of space for children’s imagination and scientific experiment. The territory is divided into zones.
- Blue — medieval discoveries and the Renaissance;
- Red — new time;
- Green — discoveries, leaving in modernity.
You can spend the whole day doing these things.
Nizhny Novgorod Puppet Theater was founded in 1929 and is a peculiar monument of local architecture. Here the young viewer can count on watching performances that enthrall him in the magical world of fairy tales. Adults who dream of feeling like children again, in the puppet theater, are also waiting for chairs in the auditoriums.
In a large cultural center with a multitude of cinema halls, theaters, and entertainment centers, one’s eyes scatter when choosing a place for leisure activities. But if you come here with a child, you should definitely go to the Nizhny Novgorod circus, which has gained fame as the largest in Europe. The wooden building, founded by the Nikitin brothers, appeared here in 1883. Three years later, the popularity of this spectacle increased to the need to build a new large stone building. The hall accommodated an unprecedented number of viewers at that time — 2,000 people.
Modern alleys of squares and parks, inscribed in the rich natural landscapes — favorite places for recreation of citizens and guests of Nizhny Novgorod. An old park called “Switzerland” is located in the Prioksky district. It was defeated on the picturesque banks of the Oka in the 19th century by the patriots of the city — students of gymnasiums, their parents and teachers. Masters of landscape design skillfully used the possibilities of the natural location of the park and kept the local catacombs as labyrinths. On the territory there is a small free zoo and a lot of attractions.
Sights of the Lower are places where you want to come back again and again.