About the best sights of Mallorca
Spain is famous for its numerous resorts, where many tourists come every year. The Balearic Islands and especially the island of Majorca (or Mallorca) are very successful. It is located on the main city — Palma de Mallorca, as well as the most popular resorts. Finding what to see in Mallorca is easy: there are many historical and natural attractions, and just entertainment facilities.
The most interesting objects
The main attractions of Palma de Mallorca:
- St. Mary’s Gothic Cathedral (La Seu);
- Almudaina Palace;
- the gothic church of saint francis;
- Sa Lodzha Exhibition Center;
- open-air museum «Spanish Village»;
- City Hall building;
- train to the city of Soller.
Other interesting places in Mallorca:
- Monastery of Luc;
- Bellver Castle;
- Cape Formentor;
- Dragon caves;
- Arta Cave;
- Reserve Galatzo.
Of course, this is not all the attractions in Mallorca. To see everything, barely enough a whole vacation.
Beauty of the capital
Those who think what to see in Palma — de Mallorca in the first place, should go to the central temple. Officially, it is called the Cathedral of St. Mary, and the people — La Seu — «Episcopal», because it is the main institution of the island’s diocese. This magnificent Gothic building was built in the XIII century. after the expulsion of the Moors from Spain, in the place of the former mosque. In fact, it symbolizes the victory of Christianity over Islam.
The cathedral occupies a large area — 6,600 square meters. m, it fits 18,000 people. Built in the style of the Spanish Gothic: a hall temple with 3 naves, numerous windows decorated with stained glass windows of the 14th-16th centuries. Also in the architecture of the building there are elements of the Romanesque and Baroque — the cathedral was erected for a long time. Due to the large number of windows in it is very light, and on the eastern facade there is the main window — the “Gothic rose”, it is decorated with a stained glass window with the star of David.
The facade is framed by 4 high towers, and on the timpan of the main portal is the Assumption of the Virgin Mary (sculpture composition). The cathedral is replete with ancient religious relics, and on its ground floor there is a museum. This is one of the most famous landmarks in Mallorca.
Monument of Muslim culture in Palma — Almudain Palace. During the rule of the Moors, he was the royal house and fortress. Now it is also the residence of the rulers, in addition, there are the National Museum and the military commander’s office of the Balearic Islands. The palace is a large rectangular building with 4 massive towers on the sides. On the largest is the figure of the Archangel Gabriel, who is considered the patron saint of this city.
Around the palace is a courtyard with the chapel of St. Anne, built in the XIV century. At its foot — the Royal Garden and the ancient Arab baths. An important attraction for tourists inside the Almudain Palace is the Throne Room with numerous ancient artifacts.
The Gothic church of St. Francis, built in the XIV century, is also worthy of attention. It is decorated with octagonal chapels in the Renaissance and Baroque styles, in one of them there is a sarcophagus with the remains of Raimund Llull, a famous philosopher and theologian of the 14th century.
The Sa Lodzha Exhibition Complex is another interesting old building with 4 octagonal-shaped battle towers and large windows with balconies. This complex hosts exhibitions of various topics, so it is doubly attractive for tourists.
Those who are interested in the history and culture of the country, you can see the museum quarter «Spanish Village». Here, monuments, significant historical buildings, streets, squares of different cities of the country are reproduced on a large territory. Also in this open museum there are houses where everyday objects of different epochs are exhibited, shops with souvenirs work.
Another significant historical building is the City Hall on its main square, Plaza Cort. It was built in the Baroque style, and all the furniture and interior decoration dates back to the XIX century. In the hall there are figures of people in Spanish folk costumes and demons from local legends. Official tours of the city hall are held on Sundays.
Outside the capital
Why is it worth visiting Palma de Mallorca and what to see here? The list of interesting places can be continued for a long time. But for those who have studied the main city and are looking for where else to go, it is recommended to go to Soller on a special old train. It was built at the beginning of the 20th century, and the interior of the cars was fully preserved. The railway was laid in the same period. It connects Soller with the main part of the island. The path passes through the mountains, forests and fruit groves, so that you can both admire nature and enjoy the old atmosphere. In Soller there is an opportunity to go to the port by tram of the beginning of the 20th century.
Other attractions of the island deserve no less attention. One of the most popular is the Monastery of Luke in the northwest in the mountains. This is the most important object of pilgrimage for believers, and ordinary tourists visit it. Its main shrine is a statue of the Holy Virgin. The hatch is made of dark stone. The monastery has an archaeological museum and a large botanical garden, as well as a hotel and camping.
Not far from Palma de Mallorca there is a circular Gothic castle Belver of the XIV century. the buildings. It consists of 4 cylindrical towers, and 3 of them are interconnected by a round fortification wall. The fourth is outside this circle. It connects with the rest of the castle covered passage and an arched bridge. The yard is extensive, along its perimeter there are also arches. This is the only round Gothic building in the world.
Bellver stands on a hill with a panoramic view of the capital, Palma Bay and the island of Cabrera. In the castle there is a museum, which exhibits archaeological finds and ancient sculptures.
Wonders of nature
There are many natural attractions in Mallorca. Travel agencies organize excursions to them, but you can go on your own, including by car.
Places where you must go:
- Cape Formentor is the northernmost point of the island. You can get to it from the city of Pollensa. The cape offers a magnificent view of the sea, the mountains and the neighboring island of Menorca, and under it there is a beautiful beach with white sand and clear water. There is also a 16th century watchtower, from which it is especially good to explore the surroundings, and a 19th century lighthouse.
- Draconian Caves — a complex of 4 caves (black, white, French, Luis Salvador), which are replete with stalactites, grottoes, halls and underground lakes. In one of the reservoirs, musicians float in a boat and perform famous works, a fountain is made on the other. The caves are illuminated with lamps.
- Arta Cave is one of the largest on the island. Only a few halls are open for visitors, and in them you can admire an abundance of stalactites and stalagmites. The impression is enhanced by the music and light show.
- Natural Park Galatzo. Located in a mountain valley, replete with lakes, waterfalls, walking paths. Here you can not only walk, but also swim, have picnics, climb rocks.
In Mallorca, the sights are different, but interesting and informative, so the trip will leave many impressions.