The heart of Switzerland: the city of Lucerne and its attractions
Lucerne, whose attractions are many and varied, is the center of the Swiss plateau, and, hence, the whole country. This is the administrative capital of the eponymous canton in which everyone speaks German. There is a town on the banks of the River Reis and Lake Firvaldtet, which is commonly referred to in tourists as the Lucerne.
Its streets and squares are very cozy, the historical center is compact, and ancient monuments are located literally on every corner. The weather here is good in winter for lovers of outdoor activities — the temperature does not fall below -10 degrees. Summer is mild and warm, especially its middle and end, no less comfortable the beginning of autumn. However, nights are cool — +10 — +12. But spring is rainy, sometimes a lot of rain falls in June.
Talk about what to see in Lucerne, can be infinitely long: there are many attractions to the most demanding taste. Lovers of history and culture, those who are interested in contemporary art, families with children, fun companies, newlyweds, romantic couples — everyone will find something for everyone and interests.
The history of the bridge stretching for 200 meters across the waters of the bridge dates back six and a half centuries. From an engineering point of view, this is a real miracle that not only Lucerne, but the whole of Switzerland is proud of.
The name of the bridge is translated as «church», because the Cathedral of St. Peter is located nearby. This is the oldest wooden structure of this kind, not only in Switzerland, but throughout Europe. Even by today’s standards, its length is impressive. Unfortunately, the original bridge burned down in 1994. Now its wooden part on old stone piles has been completely reconstructed. In the center of the structure is a water tower, which is older than the bridge itself.
Walking along the Kapellbryukke, be sure to pay attention to the paintings under his roof. Here you can see the following plots:
- the history of Switzerland;
- the history of the canton;
- the history of the city itself;
- scenes from the lives of the patron saints of Lucerne.
The bridge offers wonderful views of the old town and the lake.
It was built when Kaiser Wilhelm II was in power. In many buildings that appeared under him, an octagonal shape was used. The tower in width is more impressive than in length. The thickness of its walls at the base is 4.5 meters. According to statistics, this building is considered the most photographed in the city.
Throughout its history, the Water Tower was both a casemate, a torture chamber, a fire tower, and a room belonging to the city’s treasury. Today it is owned by the Lucerne Artillery Association.
Assessing the ancient masonry and floors, be sure to go up to the observation deck, which offers a magnificent view of the city and the lake.
Nine fortress towers were originally intended to protect the city. Today’s tourists are interesting because they do not resemble one another.
- Tower Nolly. Through it passed the entrance to the city. Today inside the tower is located the main office of the saffron merchants’ guild.
- Mannley Tower. The name translates as «man.» Such a figure is located on the top, in her hands is a flag.
- Luegisland The tallest tower. Was a watchman.
- Hay tower Hay and ammunition were stored here until the 17th century, when the explosion occurred. Later the tower was rebuilt.
- Clock tower. Huge numbers and arrows allowed the time to see even the fishermen who swam on the lake.
- Tower Srimer. It is famous for its amazing masonry and arcade on the viewing platform.
- Powder tower Today here is the office of the wool guild.
- Tower of Allenwynden. This is a former treasury storehouse, so the walls are incredibly powerful.
- Dashley Tower. The oldest of all nine towers.
Museum of Transport
This is the largest transport museum not only in Switzerland, but throughout the world. It represents the history of vehicles so clearly and interestingly that it is incredibly difficult to get out of here.
Railway and road transport, funiculars, a huge collection of aircraft and flight simulators — this is not all that can be seen in the museum.
One of the Alpine mountains, whose height is more than 2 thousand meters, provides the tourist with a large number of exciting options to spend time. In the summer it is worth going up the unique cog railway — steep and difficult. Another option is the funicular. Upstairs waiting for a large number of entertainment, attractions, gourmet restaurants.
In winter, Pilatus is a place where you can ride on sleds, «cheesecakes» and other devices of this kind. And the magnificent views will not leave anyone indifferent.
Richard Wagner House Museum
This elegant little house on the shore of Lake Lucerne in Tribesch (cozy suburb) has a wonderful collection of paintings and musical instruments, among which there are such rarities as a portable organ. The composer lived here for a long time, which he described as an “idyll”. His grand piano, music manuscripts, articles of clothing and household items, letters are in the house. The building itself is a vivid example of residential buildings, characteristic of both Lucerne and Switzerland in general.
Even if you are not interested in geology, it’s worth seeing this miracle with your own eyes. Here, as part of several expositions, it was visually and interestingly described how Switzerland was 20 million years ago (a subtropical beach was recreated), how its relief changed, how glaciers won back and what they left behind. A mock-up room will bring to your attention the famous mountainous landscapes of the country, and the Mirror Maze, created especially for one of the international exhibitions, will entice both children and adults.
Passing along Dankmalshtrasse, tourists will see an amazing sculptural composition in a wall niche. It is called the “Dying Lion” and is dedicated to the Swiss Guardsmen who died in France during the storming of the crowds of the Tuileries Palace. The lion, pierced with a spear and clawed over the imperial coat of arms with a lily, is carved by the famous sculptor Thorvaldsen. This sculpture is a symbol of the city and the memory of the sad moments in the history of Switzerland.
Lucerne is a great place for a relaxing family, friendly or romantic getaway. It is especially convenient from the point of view of its compactness, because the whole historical center with its sights can be bypassed on foot, without resorting to urban or private transport. Clean air, inspirational views and masterpieces of ancient architecture are guaranteed here to all travel lovers. Explore Lucerne and the sights of this region — a great idea for your next trip!