Kronstadt — living history and attractions
In the spring of 1704, Peter I founded a city on the island of Kotlin in the Gulf of Finland to strengthen the coastline to fight the Swedes. Since then, these places are considered the base of the Navy. For a long time access to Kronstadt was limited, it was possible to visit it only by special invitations or excursion groups. It was also forbidden to take pictures of some important objects of strategic importance. Now the city of Kronstadt is available to everyone.
The dam, built in 1984, divided the city into two parts, one of which was located on the site of the unique historical center of St. Petersburg, included in the UNESCO list. The unique suburb not only attracts the eyes of those around with its power and beautiful architectural heritage, but it is a kind of fortress for the whole country.
Warships, submarines can be viewed closely, and from the east pier you can see the city of Lomonosov, located on the opposite side of the bay. Once upon a time on Kotlin Island there were places adapted for the storage of anchored ships and vessels. Hence the name has been formed, which is still used — Anchor Square. Its main and most famous landmark is the temple, towering above other buildings.
Naval Cathedral of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker
The idea of erecting a large maritime temple of the vital since the beginning of the 19th century, but donations for its construction were collected only by the end of the century, at the request of Admiral Kaznakov. The solemn laying of the temple on Yakornaya Square in memory of the dead naval officers, was carried out by the beginning of 1903. With the coming of the Bolsheviks to power, the Nikolsky Cathedral of the city of Kronstadt suffered from the “playful” hands of their representatives. A huge amount of priceless utensils were seized, and the building itself changed its status, representatives of the Soviet government began to hold meetings there.
For the priests came the hardest times. They were arrested, exiled. The last sacred relics were carried out of the temple, bells weighing 20 tons were removed. In 1941, the church, having received the status of a cathedral, began to be revived, although the war years had greatly spoiled it, work was still being done to restore the city and the cathedral.
Now the memorial shrine is one of the most popular places in St. Petersburg. Here they regularly hold interesting conversations with parishioners, talk about the main fundamentals of the Bible, you can hear lectures about the dangers of psychic influence on people.
The appearance of the building, made in the Romanesque style, attracts the eye, fascinates with its mysterious charm. Columns from a light brick, decorative arches with a relief ornament give ease to an impressive building.
The main dome of the temple, decorated with gilded anchors, makes a divine impression. The entrance to the shrine begins with granite steps, massive doors, decorated with elaborate carvings and the faces of saints. The interior decoration is stunning with its monumental grandeur, the interior of which is decorated with a mosaic panel, images of ships, sea animals, algae. Places allocated under the black marble plaques with the names of the dead officers, are located on the perimeter, they are a distinctive feature of the Temple.
On weekdays, you can enjoy the beauty of the decoration of the church as you like, and the days of Orthodox holidays are distinguished by their pomp, complemented by divine church chants. The recently completed large-scale reconstruction of the cathedral, its solemn consecration by Patriarch Kirill, provides an opportunity to touch the eternal values not only of Russians, but also of foreign guests.
St. Vladimir’s Cathedral
The snow-white light temple with bells, domes, picturesque icons occupies a special place of the city of Kronstadt. The valuable icon of the Vladimir Mother of God, created specifically for the church, was lost in 1931, and it has not been found even now. A huge number of people defending Kronstadt prayed in front of her.
Having undergone cruel trials, in Soviet times the church was abandoned, it began to collapse. Despite the fact that they tried to blow it up several times, the dilapidated building survived, and it stood for more than a decade before it was revived. Now here hold services, church rites, as before. The spacious room accommodates more than 3,000 people.
It is hard to imagine that romantic meeting places were once wetlands. Later on, the Arsenal Square was formed there, where mass events were held: drill soldiers, parades in honor of great victories, and holidays were accompanied by festivities. At first, a small garden was established by the decision of the municipal manager of Bellingshausen, where, on his own initiative, many saplings were later brought, a large park territory was created using the Dutch style, and a monument to Peter I was erected.
Monument to the emperor
The majestic sculpture with a height of more than 8 meters is a special attraction of St. Petersburg. The bronze monument, created by the Russian architect, was solemnly opened in honor of the anniversary of the Battle of Poltava. The tall monument is depicted as a proud emperor with a sword, leaning on the flag of the overthrown enemy.
A little further from the Petrovsky Park, the Winter Pier is opened to the eyes of visitors. This is the place of Kronstadt, where ships and ships from St. Petersburg are mooring. It received its name for a simple reason: the ships stand at the pier all year round — even in winter, when ice is blown up. The harbor began to be built under Peter I. At its construction, both soldiers, peasants, and prisoners of the Swedes took part. At first it was wooden, vessels with high-ranking persons moored to it. In 1913, Nicholas II arrived from St. Petersburg for the ceremonial opening of the Naval Cathedral in Kronstadt.
Then the pier was re-equipped, it was made of stone. Now at this historic place you can look at the unique gun of the XIX century. It was installed where a gunfire had once boomed at noon or warned of the threat of impending flooding. The marina is notable for the fact that it is a place where you can go on a day off with the children to show them where the famous ships of the Russian fleet went on a hike, and world tours began.
Big Square, created in the time of Peter the Great, was at first a miniature city where the king and his close circle lived. The buildings have not been preserved, and in its place there is a central alley with an attractive cast-iron fence, although not decorated with gilding. Among the attractions of the Summer Garden, you can see monuments that were created in different eras and times devoted to great events. Every day, people walk along its avenues, absorbing the invisible spirit of the former glory of the heroes of the fatherland.
Monument to the clipper «Oprichnik»
Returning in 1861 from a long voyage, the vessel disappeared along with 95 crew members. It is assumed that people died as a result of a tropical storm that overtook them in the Indian Ocean.
Monument to Alexander Domashenko
The crew of the ship «Azov» in the Mediterranean was called upon to help the local people to fight against the Turkish invasion. The sailor who did not hold onto the mast fell into the sea and began to sink, and Warrant Officer Domashenko, who rushed to save him, died with him. This monument is the first construction erected on voluntary funds collected by the crew of the ship «Azov». So they helped to perpetuate the memory of the hero and the day of his death.
An unusual modern monument, located on Karl Marx Street, appeared thanks to local blacksmiths, who donated a cast-iron tree to the city of Kronstadt, where eyes and a huge ear stand out. Local citizens gradually formed a kind of rite, promising hope for the future. Reaching 4 meters in height, a mighty tree attracts residents of St. Petersburg: both adults and children. Numerous tourists from other regions of the country, near and far abroad come to see it. To perform the ceremony you need:
- wrap a coin with desires written paper, throw it into the owl’s nest, run 3 times around the tree;
- if you whisper a cherished dream into the ear of a green hero, then it will surely come true: this is melodicly confirmed by the ringing of the bells.
- to speed up the fulfillment of desires will help the glorious little deer, which can be saddled and rub his nose.
The desire tree of the population has long been associated with a living being, the reverent attitude is expressed in the fact that different people visit it every day, bow in appreciation, and leave, say goodbye. It is believed that it sees and hears everything, therefore, it is approached exclusively with sincere and noble desires.
St. Petersburg is famous for its numerous fountains, but the musical performance with expressive dancing of water in the territory of Kronstadt is astonishing delight. In honor of the 300th anniversary, a completely unique composition was created, which includes a huge repertoire of noble music in an ensemble with a unique pattern of water that jams, then soars upwards. You can admire the amazing sight by going on your own to Kronstadt in the event that there is only one day left and there is no time for a full excursion.
How to get to Kronstadt
The remote suburb of St. Petersburg is a unique place where it was not easy to get to before. The path lay only by water, and it was possible to get only by ferry. But the dam, performing protective functions from flooding, has become the road connecting two cities: St. Petersburg and Kronstadt. Ferries are a thing of the past, and now anyone can drive a car to get acquainted with all the sights.
This city has a great historical past, so all citizens interested in the invaluable heritage will not have even a few days to get acquainted with all the cultural monuments.
It is now easy for tourists to choose a convenient mode of transport to get from St. Petersburg to Kronstadt. The distance between the «northern» capital and the suburbs is only 50 km. The most economical way to get to get acquainted with the sights is urban transport, the schedule and stops of which can always be viewed on the Internet or guidebooks. But it is most convenient to independently order a car of a preferred class, pay in advance, and plunge into the living heroic chronicle of Russia!