Flower Festival Udyanotsav in India
Traveling to India in February or March is worth visiting the flower festival Udyanotsav. One of the main festival events of New Delhi takes place on the territory of the Mughal gardens, near the palace of the ruler of the state. Today this garden and park complex is one of the world’s largest presidential residences. The fragrance of the gardens, located next to the palace, has been making tourists happy for months, but the flower festival takes place only once a year!
The festival has been celebrated in New Delhi for over 10 years. In 2018, Udyanotsav was held from February 6 to March 9. The gates of the park are open for visitors from 09.30 am to 4.00 pm, and the inside passage is free. For more than a month, residents and guests of New Delhi can look at the beauty of the Bonsai complex and the Perfume Garden, the grass and music gardens. After receiving a special permit, inside you can make photos and video. However, on Mondays, the entrance is usually closed (this is important to consider when planning a trip).
Features of the visit
It is better to come to the place early in the morning, at 09.00-09.15. After 12 gardens are filled with public, among which there are many large excursion groups. In addition, many flowers finish blooming after dinner. To have time to see everything, it makes sense to come early in the morning. Inside you can not carry your water (!). Replenish internal moisture reserves and be patient.
How to get there
A visit to the flower festival is best combined with a trip to New Delhi or a trip to the Golden Triangle (which also includes the cities of Agra and Jaipur). The nearest metro station to the president’s palace is the Central Secretariat. You can get to New Delhi by metro directly from the airport (in about 20 minutes). Gardens are located at gate number 35. Another landmark is the “India Gate” (a memorial complex with an eternal flame), to which many streets of the center lead. There are direct buses to the Mughal Gardens.
Who will be interested
First of all, florists and designers. For professional development and portfolio. In addition, of course, lovers of botanical gardens. Thirdly, tourists who want to relax from the stifling urban climate and visit a shady floral and tree oasis in the heart of New Delhi.
What to see
Theological Garden («The Spiritual Garden»)
In this part of the garden there are such trees as Banyan, Arjun and the famous Bodhi tree. It was under him, according to legend, Prince Gautama gained enlightenment, becoming the Buddha (to the question of why the garden has such a name). By the way, even in the biological classification, the Bodhi tree bears the name «Sacred Ficus».
On this small plot of land you can find almost all types of Indian herbs, including basil, turmeric, mint, aloevera. A walk on the benefits of a visit to the «pharmaceutical garden» or the resort botanical garden. Information plates, by the way, help to understand the botany well.
The central part of the landscape gardening ensemble is divided into four main zones — musical fountains, main flower lawns, a rectangular rose garden and a round garden. In conjunction with the view of the palace leaves an unforgettable impression.
A special place in the days of “Udyanostav” is held in honor of tulips — the favorite flowers of the legendary Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal. These bulbous flowers can be sown only in winter, at a temperature of 5 to 10 degrees Celsius (which is not easy in India). They bloom in the Mughal Gardens — a decent frame for landscape photographs.
In this area Mughal gardens represented abouta loud number of varieties of roses. Dark red «Christian Dior» and «Oklahoma», red-pink «Montezuma» and «Queen Elizabeth», «Just Joey» and «Pasadena» shade «deep mandarin», close to tea, snow-white «Louisiana» and «Eiffel Tower «. The rosary will not leave indifferent even the one who seemed to have no passion for roses.
Interesting facts from the history of the Mughal Gardens
This place owes its history to the founder of the great Mughal empire, Babur, who appreciated Central Asian landscape design. Building gardens was one of the emperor’s favorite activities. This passion was inherited by Babur’s descendants, the famous Jahangir and his son Shah Jahan.
With the last ruler, the Mughal landscape architecture reached its peak. The flower gardens of the Taj Mahal equally admire both witnesses of the construction of this eighth wonder of the world and our contemporaries. In memory of his beloved wife, Shah Jahan built not just a palace, but a whole palace and park complex full of encrypted symbolic messages.
The key elements of the Islamic medieval style were the garden “hortus conclusus”, in which, despite its closeness to the outside world, water, sky, singing birds, trees, shrubs and flowers of different varieties must be present. The Mughals, moreover, were obsessed with Islamic symbolism — references to the Qur’an, numerology, and flower ornaments, which also have their own meaning — all this can be seen in their floral design. He, among other things, is distinguished by a tendency to «geometric shapes» and ornaments.
Over time, Indian landscape architecture has incorporated both the classic Hindu and Buddhist traditions. Tourists have the happiness to see this fancy cocktail on Udyanostav. Whatever time of the year you go to India, in any case you should visit the Mughal Gardens, but if you manage to do it in the spring, in the days of Udyanotsav, you can only envy.