The sights of the glorious Cannes
Cannes (Cannes) is a venue for a prestigious film festival, but also one of the symbols of the “sweet” life with its unchanging attributes: the sea, beaches, palm trees, yachts, etc. Indeed, Cannes is located in a wonderful land, on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, on that part of it, which is called the Cote d’Azur. Another, no less attractive and romantic, the name of these places — the French Riviera.
Here is a very favorable climate, mild warm winter and not hot summer, sea and beaches, bright cultural life. Due to this, Cote d’Azur is one of the most popular and prestigious places of recreation. Thousands of years in this «paradise» people settled, equipping it and leaving behind amazing cultural monuments.
The motto of the city — “Life is a holiday” — is very indicative. But it was not always so. It is now Cannes — one of the best seaside climatic resorts in France, and until the first third of the XIX century they were a little-known settlement, not just passed from hand to hand of various rulers.
According to the information left by the ancient Greek historian Polybius, on the site where modern Cannes is located, there was once a settlement called Egitna, founded by the Ligurian tribe in the II century BC. e., engaged in trade and fishing. Later the village was conquered and destroyed by the Romans.
At the beginning of the 8th century, these places seized the Saracens, and only at the end of the 10th century did France manage to conquer them. At the beginning of the XI century on the mountain Chevalier was built watchtower Suquet, preserved to this day.
With the help of fortifications, the monks of the abbey of Leren who settled here successfully defended the nearby neighborhoods, however, depriving Cannes of any independence.
Only in the XV century, the settlement passed into the possession of King Louis XI of France, and in the XVI century the abbey finally fell into decay. Over the next centuries, Cannes more than once tried to capture the Arabs, Spaniards, Austrians. The name of the city of Canois — reed port — comes from the word «cannes», meaning «reed». Thickets of this plant can still be found in the swamps around the city.
New and Newest Time
In 1815, a dramatic “One Hundred Days” began with the landing in Juan Bay, not far from Cannes, an attempt to return to the throne by Napoleon Bonaparte.
In the middle of the XIX century, the first «tourists» began to explore the city — the English aristocrats, captivated by the beauty of these places, their mild climate. Soon they were joined by the highest nobility of the Russian Empire. For the members of the imperial family an Orthodox church was built (Alexander III Boulevard).
In our time, Cannes — the capital of world cinema. The International Film Festival first opened here in September 1946. This could have happened seven years earlier, but the opening of the festival was scheduled for September 1, 1939. As you know, the Second World War began on this day, and the festival did not take place. For the Cannes Film Festival were chosen because of the large number of sunny days and the excellent geographical position.
By the way, the Cannes Pyrotechnics Festival, the Cannes Lions international advertising festival, and other global forums are held here.
However, modern Cannes is not only a prestigious festival and a trendsetter of cinematic fashion. This is a fashionable city where you can walk along the embankment and look at yachts and ships. In Cannes, and especially in the villages located above the hill, various scientific conferences are often held.
Cannes is a small town, but it is still better to devote more than one day to it, especially if you have plans to rest on a long sandy beach. By the way, the beaches here are both paid and free, but there is also an intermediate option — two city beaches with free admission and paid services (umbrellas, deck chairs, etc.). There are many museums in Cannes, there are historical sights. In addition, despite the abundance of expensive restaurants and luxury shops, not only wealthy people come to the city; there are a lot of young people here and active nightlife is in full swing.
La Croisette Boulevard
This is one of the most famous landmarks of Cannes. The boulevard stretches along the sandy beaches, past the gardens at a distance of more than two kilometers. On the boulevard there are many shops with clothes of leading brands, luxury hotels, cinemas, cafes, night clubs; It is followed by holiday-makers, celebrities, and locals. From the embankment you can look at the Lerins Islands with one of the oldest monasteries of France — Lérins Abbey.
At the entrance to the Croisette towers another attraction of the city — the new Palace of Festivals and Congresses, opened in 1983. A part of this huge building is occupied by the municipal casino. Behind the palace — a grand open-air cinema.
Many of Cannes sights are located in the Old Town (Le Suquet), climbing up the side of Mount Chevalier. Here you can see:
- the ruins of a medieval fortress;
- the church of Notre-Dame d’Esperance (Church of Our Lady of Hope), built in the XVI-XVII centuries in the style of Provencal gothic;
- monument to Frederick Mistral — the poet, who tried to revive the Provencal language. The monument was opened in 1930, the centenary of the poet.
On the hill Suke stretched lift, the construction of which was carried out thanks to the financial assistance of the Grand Duke Mikhail Mikhailovich. Walking through the Old Town is a journey through time, the opportunity to experience the atmosphere of a medieval fishing village. Here on every street you can come across a colorful detail in architecture, an unusual perspective, touch the old days.
Cannes Michael-Arangelsky temple
This spacious magnificent temple was erected on the initiative of Archpriest Grigory Ostroumov, confessor of the Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna. Opened in 1894, the author of the project is the architect Nouveau.
In 1921, Grand Duke Andrei Vladimirovich was married in the church with ballerina Matilda Kshesinskaya.
Cemetery Grand Jas
Another famous landmark in Cannes is the Grand Jas cemetery. It was opened in the middle of the XIX century instead of old cemeteries. And over time, it became … the largest park in Cannes.
The cemetery is one of the most beautiful cemeteries in France, famous for its landscape architecture and a large number of sculptures.
On the territory of the cemetery are buried:
- soldiers and officers of the Expeditionary Corps of the Russian army who died in hospital in 1916-1918;
- French writer Prosper Merimes, who died at Cannes in 1870;
- Russian jeweler Carl Faberge (died in Lausanne in 1920);
- Olga Ruiz-Picasso (in dev. Khokhlova) — ballet dancer and first wife of P. Picasso (died in Cannes in 1955);
- German writer Klaus Mann (died 1949) and many other historical figures.
The city has many interesting museums, a visit to which can leave a lot of impressions about travel and holidays in Cannes. Many museums are art galleries exhibiting canvases of contemporary artists and creators of the past centuries. But there are also museums of a unique focus: a car museum, a perfumery museum, a photo museum. Some attractions are located in the new part of the city, some — in the vicinity of Cannes, but more famous landmarks — in the Old Town.
Museo de la Castre
Located in the Old Town, in the old fortress, which was built in the XI — XII centuries by the monks of Lérins Abbey to protect the coast. The museum collection consists of significant collections that were transferred to the museum: a collection of an ethnographer, a specialist in Oceania, and the second — a collection of a Dutch baron, who was fascinated by Mediterranean and Egyptian art.
In several halls of the museum there are expositions consisting of archaeological artifacts of Mediterranean countries, ethnographic rarities, amazing examples of primitive art, and paintings by contemporary artists of Provence. The church of St. Anne (XII century) located here (XII century) has a wonderful collection of musical instruments from around the world.
In the courtyard of the museum there is the famous square tower of Suquet, from the 22-meter height of which the monks of the enemy vessels once looked out.
Museum of the Sea
Located in the Royal Fort on the island of St Marguerite. These are the buildings of the former state prison where the most important criminals were kept.
The prison was built during the reign of Louis XIV. It was here that the famous prisoner «The Iron Mask» was made. In prison you can see not only his camera, but also a monument to the Huguenots. It was erected in honor of six Protestant pastors, who were imprisoned after the annulment of the edict of Nantes.
The museum presents an exhibition of underwater archaeological finds. Among the archaeological finds from the depths of the sea are amphorae and wreckage of ships. For example, a fragment of a Roman ship of the 1st century BC, adjacent to the wreckage of a Saracen ship of the 10th century.
On the territory of the Royal Fort is another interesting attraction — an aquarium with fish.
From the port of Cannes, you can go to the Lerins Islands. They are two — the island of Saint Marguerite and the island of Saint Honora. They are located at a distance of a kilometer from Cannes and are separated from each other by a narrow strait. Between the city and the islands established a permanent ferry.
- Saint Marguerite. This is the larger of the two islands. Almost the entire island is covered with a beautiful forest of pines and eucalyptus. Rest on the island can devote a whole day: swim, walk through the magnificent forest park, visit the Museum of the Sea.
- Saint Honor. This is a very small island belonging to the monastery. There are many churches and chapels, the most significant of which are the Trinity Chapel and the octahedral chapel of Saint-Sauveur. They are very ancient, perhaps even the V century.
Cannes is a former fishing village that has become the fashionable city and the capital of world cinema, the symbol of “dolce vita” and one of the most popular resorts in France.