Orthodox calendar of holidays for the year
The church calendar is full of important dates and some of them are celebrated from year to year at different times. To avoid confusion, we suggest you turn to the Orthodox calendar of holidays and not miss a single Christian holiday.
The calendar of Orthodox holidays is divided by months. In each of them important Christian events are celebrated, about which you will find information here: find out when holidays are celebrated and what they are connected with. Holidays are divided into the Great and the Great.
The Twelve Great Feasts include:
- Christmas — January 7
- Baptism of the Lord (Epiphany) — January 19
- The Presentation of the Lord — February 15
- Annunciation to the Most Holy Theotokos — March 7
- Lord’s Entry into Jerusalem — April 9
- Ascension Day — May 25
- Holy Trinity Day — June 4
- Transfiguration of the Lord — August 19, among the people — apple Savior
- Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary — August 28
- Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary — September 21
- Exaltation of the Cross — September 27
- Introduction to the Temple of the Blessed Virgin Mary — December 4
According to the Orthodox calendar Easter will be celebrated on April 16th. This holiday is considered the most important, therefore it is put separately. In addition to these holidays, there are others called great.
Including religious people celebrate the parental Sabbaths, or days of commemoration of the departed, and observe the posts, which you can learn about below.
In the first month of the civil year, there are celebrations dedicated to the infancy of Jesus Christ: Christmas and Circumcision of the Lord. Also in January, believers celebrate baptism, traditionally bathing in the hole and picking up the baptismal water, which is considered to be consecrated on this day.
Christmas — January 7
Christmas refers to the great feasts and is celebrated annually on January 7th. It is not passing and is always accompanied by an all-night vigil. On the night of January 6/7, churches celebrate a religious procession.
One of the brightest and most solemn services takes place in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior (Moscow), where many believers strive to enter.
Circumcision of the Lord — January 14
This holiday belongs to the inferior. According to the legend, it was on this day that the Baby was given the name Jesus, who the Virgin Mary called Archangel Gabriel. Also, the Day of the Circumcision of the Lord itself provides an example of how strictly it is necessary to observe the will of God.
The Bible says that every male baby in Israel must be circumcised on the eighth day of birth, as established by the covenant between God and the people of Israel.
Baptism of the Lord — January 19 (Holy Epiphany)
Twelve Great Feast The baptism of the Lord is annually celebrated on January 19th. On this day, believers remember the events of the baptism of Jesus Christ in the waters of the Jordan River. He was baptized by John the Baptist, also called John the Baptist. At that moment Jesus was 30 years old.
As the Bible describes, at the time of the baptism from heaven, the voice of God was heard, calling Jesus his son. So with the people, it was first said that Jesus is the very expected Messiah.
In February, the Pancake Week is celebrated and, according to Christian custom, the commemoration of deceased relatives takes place the first time. In addition, the Great Feast of the Entrance of the Savior to the Temple is celebrated.
The Presentation of the Lord — February 15
Feast of the Presentation of the Lord refers to twelve and is associated with the following biblical events. The baby Jesus Christ was brought to the temple, where he was met by Simeon the God-bearer. The elder was foretold that he would retire only after seeing the Son of God.
Simeon the God-bearer himself predicted then that Jesus had predicted that the Savior would have to endure the torment in order to free people from sin.
Ecumenical Parental Saturday — February 18
This is the first Parent’s Saturday and the first day when the departed relatives are commemorated. It is called ecumenical, because on this day the church commemorates absolutely all the dead, even suicides. Ecumenical Parental Saturday stands in front of Cheeseplant week — from this time a ban on meat has already been introduced, but you can eat fish, eggs and dairy products.
The time of the Great Lent will begin. In March, there are three days of commemoration of the dead. At this time, it is customary to come to church and pray for the salvation of the souls of deceased relatives, and also on these dates you can order a special liturgy in the church.
On parenting Saturdays, funeral services are performed, since they are not held on other days during Lent. According to the Orthodox calendar, these special days of commemoration of the dead are marked on the following dates:
- Parent Saturday of the second week of Great Lent — March 11
- Parent Saturday of the third week of Great Lent — March 18
- Parent Saturday of the fourth week of Great Lent — March 25
April will be the most important for the entire Christian world, since the bright feast of Easter will be celebrated. Also this month two celebrations of the Great Sunday are celebrated at once, and one of the most important commemoration days is Radonitsa.
Annunciation to the Most Holy Theotokos — April 7
Orthodox twelve feast Annunciation is celebrated annually on April 7, exactly 9 months before the next Christmas. It is believed that it was on this day that the Most-Pure Virgin Mary received the message from the Archangel Gabriel that she was elected and would become the mother of the Savior by means of the immaculate conception.
Palm Sunday (Lord’s entrance to Jerusalem) — April 9
This day, April 9, is celebrated twelve feast — The entrance of the Lord to Jerusalem. This is a landmark event in the Bible, because the people met Jesus Christ as their ruler, throwing palm branches on the ground in front of him. Since in places with a cool climate, palm trees do not grow, they are traditionally replaced with willows, which decorate the red corner in the house.
Easter — April 16
Easter is one of the most important holidays for Christians. It is celebrated on the night from Saturday to Sunday after the full moon. The conditional date from which the date of Easter is calculated — the day of the spring equinox.
Prepare for this day in advance, pre-sanctifying food in the church. Catholic and Orthodox Easter coincide in date.
Radonitsa, Parent Saturday — April 25
Radonitsa — one of the most famous and important days of commemoration of the dead. It is Radonitsa who turns out to be the first day after the Easter holiday, when the litiums for the departed are renewed. This is due to the fact that the church charter does not allow to mix joyful holidays and memorial days.
It is customary to go to Radonitsa to go to the cemetery and clean up the graves of deceased relatives.
May: Ascension Day — May 25
This twelve feast is the forerunner of the feast of the Trinity. The Gospels say that Jesus commanded his disciples not to disperse, not to leave Jerusalem, since the holy spirit was to descend on each of them. Having said this, Christ began to ascend and disappeared in the cloud in front of his disciples.
According to folk customs during this period, merry festivities begin in honor of the holiday of the Trinity. In June, the cemeteries must be visited to honor the memory of their relatives.
Troitsk Parent Saturday — June 3
Before the day of the Trinity, or, as it is also called, Pentecost, the Church sets a special day on which the departed are commemorated. This is the second Ecumenical Parent Saturday. Since the descent of the Holy Spirit finally gave man the opportunity to get rid of sin, the believers pray that the deceased relatives should also be honored.
Holy Trinity Day (Pentecost) — June 4
One of the most beloved by the people twelve great holidays. Its meaning is that God manifested his threefold essence through the Holy Spirit descended on the apostles. While in the house in Jerusalem, in which Jesus bequeathed them to remain until his Ascension, they saw small flames over their own heads.
The apostles began to speak different languages and, thus, were able to preach the faith of Christ in different countries. This holiday is celebrated on the fiftieth day after Easter.
In July, believers observe the second important post. But beyond this, according to the Orthodox calendar, the birth of John the Baptist, a preacher, who announced the Messianic mission of Jesus Christ, is celebrated.
Nativity of John the Baptist — July 7
According to legend, John the Baptist, or John the Baptist, was born six months earlier than Jesus Christ. His parents were already very old. Archangel Gabriel came to the future father of John the Baptist, the priest of Zechariah, and announced that his wife would give birth to a boy.
Because Zechariah doubted this, he was speechless and could only speak again when the child was given the name John.
Day of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul — July 12
This holiday belongs to the inferior. According to the information that exists about these two apostles, Peter and Paul were martyred for the faith of Christ on that day. The Apostle Peter, one of the beloved disciples of Jesus Christ, was crucified on his cross, head down. The apostle Paul was beheaded.
The difference in the form of execution came from the fact that Paul was from a wealthy family and had Roman citizenship.
August is also marked by fast days, but they will be diluted with holidays. Immediately two of them belong to the Great Ten. In the nation, August is associated with three Spas: honey, apple and nut, or bread.
In the same month, the Assumption of the Virgin is celebrated.
Origin of the True Gifts of the Life-giving Cross (Honey Spas) — August 14
The Holy Prince Andrei Bogolyubsky prayed earnestly before the battle with the Volozhsky Bulgars and asked for protection from the icon of the Vladimir Mother of God, which he took with him on a campaign. Also with him were parts of the Life-giving Cross. It is believed that with their help, he won a victory on this day.
In addition to this event, on August 14, seven martyrs of the Maccabees, youths, executed for believing in Christ, are commemorated.
Transfiguration of the Lord (Apple Savior) — August 19
Twelve Great Feast The Transfiguration of the Lord is a fulfilled prophecy that Jesus Christ uttered. He said that three of his disciples would see the greatness of God even in life. And this happened when He and his three closest disciples prayed on the mountain.
In the people, this day is called Apple Savior and carries its long-standing traditions and customs.
Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary — August 28
The Assumption — twelve feast, the day when the earthly life of the Virgin Mary ended. The apostles were miraculously proclaimed about this in advance and transferred from different parts of the world to Jerusalem, where the Mother of God was located. This happened through her prayer: she wanted to say goodbye to all of them.
Assumption is celebrated annually on the same day. Jesus Christ Himself appeared surrounded by angels in order to receive the soul of the Virgin and transfer it to the Eternal Kingdom.
The first autumn month is marked by the beginning of the new year according to the Orthodox calendar. September is rich on Orthodox holidays, including during this period Christmas of the Most Holy Mother of God is celebrated.
Beheading of John the Baptist — September 11
According to the Bible, John the Baptist accused King Herod of his impious act and was imprisoned. One day, the king’s stepdaughter performed before Herod and his nobles. For her excellent dance performance, Herod promised her stepdaughter everything she wanted, down to the kingdom.
After consulting with her mother, she asked for the head of John the Baptist on a platter. Since Herod vowed to execute her order before the nobles, John the Forerunner was executed. It is these events that come to mind on the day of the Beheading of John the Baptist.
New Year’s Eve — September 14
On this day, the church begins the new year and the whole cycle of holidays is repeated from the very beginning. The tradition of celebrating the New Year in the fall came with the adoption of Christianity from Byzantium. If we consider this date according to the old style, then the New Year holiday is celebrated on September 1.
Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary — September 21
In September, celebrate twelve feast Nativity of the Virgin. The very birth of the Virgin Mary turns out to be an omen of the arrival of the Messiah on earth. Moreover, it is believed that the Virgin Mary was born without the first-born sin.
It was from him that Jesus Christ saved humanity by accepting death on the cross.
Exaltation of the Cross — September 27
It is about the Life-giving Cross, on which Jesus Christ was crucified. The Twelve Great Holiday Exaltation has several interpretations. First, believers celebrate in themselves the attainment of the Life-giving Cross.
On the other hand, the return of the Cross to Byzantium from Persia is celebrated on this day.
In October, the warriors who fell on Kulikovo Pole are commemorated. Thus, this month is the last year of commemoration of deceased relatives. In addition to the Parent’s Saturday, believers celebrate the feast of the Intercession.
Protection of the Most Holy Theotokos — October 14
The feast of the Protection of the Most Holy Theotokos is associated with the event of the apparition of the Virgin Mary to Andrey Yurodivom. The event took place in Constantinople, during the war. The Virgin Mary together with the saints who surrounded her, appeared in the temple during the prayer. Her temple was kept in this temple.
Andrei Foolish describes in his life that the Virgin Mary covered the prayers with her omophorion (a handkerchief covering his shoulders). Her defense allowed the enemy troops to be driven away.
Dmitrievskaya Parent Saturday — October 28
Parental Saturday October 28 is the last day of the commemoration of the departed. It falls on the Saturday before the day of the Great Martyr Dimitri Solunsky. Like many saints, he accepted the death for the faith of Christ, not wanting to deny God.
Also, this day is associated with the commemoration of soldiers who fell during the Battle of Kulikov in 1380.
November: The Cathedral of the Archangel Michael and the other celestial forces of the disembodied — November 21
On this day, I recall the event that put an end to the heresy that did not properly honor the angels. This incorrect teaching called the angels the creators and rulers of the world. It was found nine angelic ranks, which are now considered traditional for the church.
Actually the word «Forces» is called angels, which are considered to be the heavenly army.
December: Introduction to the Temple of the Blessed Virgin Mary — December 4
According to legend, at the age of three years, the Virgin Mary was transferred to the temple, because her parents promised to give the child to serve God. According to the biblical description, she herself ran up the stairs, without crying and not turning to her parents, without calling them. It is believed that the Virgin Mary lived in the temple, eating the food that angels brought to her.
Calendar of Continuous Seven and Fast Days
Continuous weeks in the calendar of Orthodox holidays are called days (there are not more than seven), in which there are no restrictions on food on Wednesday and Friday. These include:
- Christmas time: from January 7 to January 17
- The week of the tax collector and Pharisee: from February 6 to February 11.
- Raw week (pancake week): from February 20 to February 26. Since that time, believers have already abandoned meat on the eve of Lent.
- Easter week: from April 17 to April 22
- Trinity Week: from July 05 to July 11
In addition to the fact that every week, believers fast on Wednesday and Friday, there are one-day posts dedicated to special events or holidays.
- The Eve of Epiphany (Epiphany Eve) — January 18
- Beheading of John the Baptist — September 11
- Exaltation of the Cross — September 27
Also, the church calendar includes four multi-day fasting before important celebrations. Depending on the year, each post may have different start and end dates.
- Lent — from February 27 to April 15
- Petrov Post — from 12.06.2017 to July 11
- Assumption Post — from August 14 to August 27
- Advent — from November 28 — January 6
In addition to these holidays, there are local ones associated with the miraculous icons or saints, which are widely celebrated in each individual area. Also, each temple can have its own special holiday, which only local parishioners know about. In order not to miss them, often visit the church nearest you.
Do not forget about the power of faith and spirit. Indeed, sincere prayer, as practice shows, can sometimes change a person’s life. All the best and don’t forget to press the buttons and