Nicola Summer: folk traditions and omens on the day of St. Nicholas
Nicola Summer — a holiday that Orthodox Christians celebrate every year on May 22. The closest to the labor of the peasants in Russia, Nikolai Ugodnik is revered as a national saint. This day is accompanied by many signs and traditions.
May Day is associated with the transfer of the relics of St. Nicholas the Great. He is one of the most beloved and revered saints among Orthodox Christians, who is approached with a variety of requests for help.
Signs of the holiday
On the day of the celebration, the peasants began to bring horses to the far pastures, sheared sheep, planting potatoes. All this was accompanied by prayers and thanks to the saint who looked after the animals and did not let the harvest die.
The lovers venerated him as their patron, and on the day of Nikola Summer they offered prayers to the holy elder about seeking love and blessing to the wedding.
If it rained on the day of the holiday, the peasants considered it a good sign, which promised a rich harvest and no drought. The wet weather in the period from May 22 to June 10 was also considered a lucky omen, because it was in the Predljet period that our ancestors determined what the summer would be like.
The croaking of frogs carried good news — a rich harvest of fruits and vegetables was expected.
On the day of the feast, prayers to the saint have tremendous power, and everyone can ask the Saint Nicholas for the healing of ailments, love and absolution.
The flowering of alder on this day promised financial well-being: if the tree blossomed in someone’s yard, the family could not worry about their well-being.
It is undesirable to use scissors and sharp objects for needlework on the day of the holiday.
Traditions of the Day of Nikola Summer
On the night before the holiday, families were baking treats consisting of cakes and porridge, and large bonfires were made in the fields. This was done before the pasture of cattle on summer pastures and was a kind of ritual that protects animals from harm.
On this day, the peasants performed a rite that protected livestock from the encroachment of wolves. They did this with a sharp knife, which they stuck into the threshold of a house or table. A stone was placed in the stove, which was covered with a pot, and the words of the conspiracy were pronounced:
«My cow, nurse and nurse, stay at home, do not show your nose, and bite your hungry wolf by your side, but don’t look at my cattle.»
Early in the morning our ancestors went out to the field and washed themselves with dew. This tradition protected from adversity and disease, adding health for the whole year.
After being washed with dew, people went to their homes, faced the sun and asked for a rich harvest from Nikola, prayed and praised the Wonderworker, who listened to everyone’s requests.
Traditionally, on the day of the holiday, everyone in the family did something useful. Labor and prayers were considered a good sign. The ancestors believed that Nicola Summer watches over all and notes diligent and hardworking people, helping them to overcome difficulties.
After visiting the church, the peasants bathed in a bath, offered prayers to the saint, and then put on clean clothes and bowed three times, shading themselves with the sign of the cross, saying:
“Father Nicola, turn my gaze upon my family, protect it from the hard times. Help in your work to live the winter carefree. ”
Each hostess began general cleaning so that the house was clean and attracted the attention of the saint. The cattle on this day had many treats, it was holili, they took out the thorns, insects, cleaned and changed the litter. Chickens were allowed to peck porridge, cooked with butter, so that they flew and did not hurt.
For protection of poultry, men hammered poles decorated with stripes of multicolored fabrics into the ground. This tradition, according to beliefs, gave protection from predators who tried to get to the settlements in order to feast on the available prey.
They ended the celebration of Nikola Summer with a family dinner. Numerous relatives gathered at the table and were treated to what God had sent.
This day is never denied requests for help. It is believed that the refusal brings seven years of trouble to the family, so everyone considered it their duty to serve the poor and needy. This was done not so much because of the fear of unhappiness, as of their own will.
Nikolai Udodnik always helped those in need, and the believers tried to adhere to the same behavior.
Spend this holiday with your family and be sure to offer prayers to the Wonderworker. Your sincerity and desire to get rid of trouble will surely be rewarded according to merit. We wish you good mood, health, well-being, and do not forget to press buttons and