Ivan Kupala: history, traditions and customs of the holiday
The summer holiday of Ivan Kupala has a long history. This day is shrouded in many legends, rites and traditions, and the Kupala night is considered to be a mystical time in which everyone can fulfill their cherished desire.
It is known that the holiday has a national origin, but there is no exact data. Historians suggest that the holiday was formed from the pagan rites of purification that took place on the day of the summer solstice. It was on the day of the solstice in pre-Christian names that Ivan Kupala was celebrated. With the advent of the Orthodox religion, the holiday acquired a different meaning and became the day of John the Baptist.
However, the people still popular ancient Slavic rituals and traditions.
Traditions and customs of the holiday of Ivan Kupala
In the morning, Ivan Kupala decided to wash himself in natural springs. At dawn, our ancestors walked to the rivers and lakes in order to wash away the negative and get health and vigor. However, some are of the opinion that in Ivanov a day you shouldn’t approach reservoirs, otherwise, according to popular belief, there is a risk of being dragged off by water spirits: mawami, mermaids, aquatic, and fickers.
The main tradition of the holiday is jumping over the fire. Our ancestors believed that the fire was cleansing, therefore, on the Kupala night, they jumped through the flaming fire and carried cattle between fires in the hope of saving them from diseases.
In the shortest night of the year did not sleep. At this time, the evil force was activated, which could bring on sleeping sickness and adversity, as well as lead the soul to the other world.
On the day of the holiday, it was customary to collect medicinal herbs, which were thoroughly dried and used as a preventive measure for diseases and to protect the home from the negative. Herbs were also harvested for all kinds of rites.
One of the most interesting traditions is the search for a fern flower on the night of Ivan Kupala. According to legend, this mystical flower appears at midnight, blooms for only a few seconds and is carefully guarded by evil spirits. The bravest went into the thicket to find the coveted plant.
It, according to beliefs, showed treasures, endowed its owner with unprecedented power and allowed to see things inaccessible to ordinary people.
On the day of the holiday, the Sun was worshiped and ceremonies were held in connection with obtaining a rich harvest. Girls and boys spent time in the fields to feed the earth with the energy of love and happiness.
On the night before the holiday, the unmarried girls made wreaths of 12 herbs and flowers, dipped them into the water, and divined to their betrothed. A happy family life promised wreaths that lasted longer than others on the water. Those who drowned foreshadowed troubles and meant that the betrothed had fallen out of love with his bride and that there was no wedding.
On the threshold of the celebration day, bunches of nettles were laid so that the clearing scum could not get into the house and harm the most defenseless family members: the elderly, pregnant and babies.
The inflorescences of Ivan-da-Marya, plucked on the night of Ivan Kupala, were laid out in the corners of the dwelling for protection against thieves. According to legend, these flowers were enchanted brother and sister, who fell in love with each other and for this they were punished by turning into flowers. Thieves will hear the voices of lovers talking among themselves and will be afraid to commit theft.
On the night of Ivan Kupala, everyone can look into their future and find out what awaits them on their way to life. The magic of these days allows you to conduct all sorts of rituals for the acquisition of wealth, love and prosperity. We wish you good luck, and do not forget to press the buttons and