Church calendar posts for the year
Posts in Orthodoxy and in Christianity as a whole are an integral part of the life of any believer. They are needed for the purification of the soul and drawing closer to God.
Most often, the posts precede some important event, holiday. For example, the Assumption fast precedes the feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Many posts may have floating dates.
The church calendar for the year will help you not to miss the time of austerity.
Many days of fasting are the most important because they precede the Twelve Great Feasts. The Church recommends with particular care to follow the rules of each such post.
Lent — the beginning of February 19, ending April 7. This is the most important post of all. It is dedicated to the feast of Great Easter, the Resurrection of the Lord. Lent symbolizes the forty-day fast of Jesus Christ himself, when he spent 40 days and nights in the desert without food.
More than once the Savior was visited by the devil who tried to tempt him. That is why it is necessary to get rid of temptations and sinful desires in these days. Give up bad habits, give up TV, everything that separates you from the Lord.
The more you can find things you can give up, the better. Of course, absolute asceticism in the modern world is almost impossible, but try to find something that you will refuse the most difficult of all, then you will gain spiritual strength.
The last and first week of Lent is the most important time. Last week is also called Passion, because it was at this time that Jesus Christ suffered terrible torments and was crucified. The very first Monday, February 19, is also called Pure Monday. On this day, it is forbidden to take any food.
Of course, the severity of fasting does not apply to those who are sick or feeble or for some good reason cannot follow the rules of fasting. This, too, must be remembered.
On Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, it is allowed to eat only the food that is not cooked on fire during Lent. This may be bread, fruits, vegetables, salads. No butter, no meat, eggs and other things. Animal food is strictly prohibited throughout the days of this post.
On Tuesday and Thursday, you can eat hot, and on weekends you can add oil to food.
The special fasting days are April 7, the feast of the Annunciation of the Most Holy Theotokos, and Palm Sunday, April 1, when, according to legend, Jesus entered the city of Jerusalem on a donkey. In these two days you can eat fish and drink some wine. There is still a day like Lazarev Saturday, which is celebrated on March 31.
On this day, it will be possible to eat fish spawn. April 6, on Good Friday, Jesus Christ was crucified. It will not be possible to eat at all until such time as the shroud is found.
This is a difficult post, but with proper mood it will pass quite quickly and unnoticed. You only need to adjust yourself to the desired wave to fully penetrate the spirituality of this period.
Petrov post — beginning on June 4, ending July 11. This is the second multi-day post, which is also called the Apostolic. It always begins during the week of all saints, so it has such a name. The date of his beginning is shifting, because the Resurrection of the Lord changes the date from year to year, and the Apostolic Fast is tied to the date of Easter.
Petrov’s post always ends at the same time — July 12th. Post length can vary from 8 to 42 days.
The saints, like Jesus Christ himself, often fasted and prayed tirelessly, observing abstinence from food and entertainment. Their way of life was hard, most ended tragically. This post is dedicated to all the saints who spread the holy word on the earth.
At this time, it is also better to abstract from the Internet and television, but the rules are less strict than the charter for Lent. On Wednesdays and Fridays you can eat fruits and vegetables with bread. On Mondays, hot food cooked on fire is allowed, and on other days you can eat fish and eat butter.
Assumption post — beginning August 14, ending August 27. The third multi-day post is dedicated to the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. This is a fasting post, since the Assumption is always celebrated on August 28th.
For two weeks people pray and live in humility in order to honor in this way the memory of the Virgin Mary, who sacrificed her life in order to give birth to Jesus Christ and help him fulfill his mission.
Before she was to become pregnant by the Holy Spirit, and also before the death of the Virgin, an angel visited the Virgin and warned about what she had to go through. Each time, the Mother of God was humble and pure. Before she died, she fasted and lived in prayers. That is why the assumption post was established.
Kinda is a tribute to all mothers who pray for their children.
As for eating food, the rules are identical to Lent — there is a malnutrition on Mondays, hot meals are allowed on Tuesdays and Thursdays, and butter is allowed on weekends. On the feast of the Transfiguration of August 19, you can eat fish and drink red wine. Naturally, drinking wine should be moderate.
Advent — the beginning of November 28 of the year, ending January 6, 2019. the first days after the New Year are Lenten, because on January 7th there will be a celebration of the brightest holiday in Christianity — the Nativity of Christ. At the end of the year, a new Advent will start, which will unite 2019 as well. The start and end date never changes.
The post lasts a long 40 days, but it does not have a large number of prohibitions. By itself, it is a little lighter and simpler than other posts.
Dry eating provided by the rules only on Wednesdays and Fridays. As for Monday, on the first day of the week you can eat hot food without oil on the Advent. On other days you can eat fish, vegetable oil, cereal.
All this is relevant only until December 19. Particular attention is paid to the feast of the Entry into the Temple of the Most Holy Theotokos. On whatever day this holiday falls, you can eat fish at this time. After December 19, the post becomes stricter.
It will be impossible to eat fish products on any day except weekends. January 6 cannot be eaten at all until the first star appears in the sky. By tradition, you can eat rice with raisins or honey dishes.
A solid week is a week-long fast that requires abstinence from animal food and intensified prayers. Wednesdays and Fridays weeks are free from restrictions. There will be a total of five weekly posts:
- Christmas time after Christmas. From January 7 to January 17, you can eat meat every day;
- week of the Publican and Pharisee. This week begins the preparation for Lent. From January 29 to February 3, you can eat meat. Week lasts only 6 days;
- Pancake week. From 12 to 18 February, it is forbidden to eat meat. This is the last week before Lent;
- week after Easter. From 9 to 14 April you can eat meat;
- trinity week. From May 28 to June 3, you can also eat meat. The week is dedicated to the feast of the Holy Trinity.
Other important days
It is worth noting that the church has established fasting days in each week. These are not such important lean times as full-fledged multi-day posts, but still. Many believers and all clergymen adhere to weekly post on Wednesday and Friday.
Earlier we talked about weeks when the post was installed on all days except Wednesday and Friday. In contrast, Wednesday and Friday are fast days during normal times. This is done for a reason. It was on Wednesday of Jesus Christ that Judas betrayed.
On Friday the Messiah was crucified. These days it is forbidden to eat meat and eat dairy products. On Friday and Wednesday of the last week of Advent, it is even forbidden to eat fish and cook in butter.
In the Twelve Great Feasts, it is allowed on Wednesday or Friday to eat fish. If on these two days of the week great holidays fall, then less noticeable indulgences — the ban on vegetable oil is removed only.
Special one-day posts
Epiphany Christmas Eve. January 18 will be the last day before baptism. This is an important date on which a strict fast is required.
You can not eat fish, but you can cook dishes in oil.
Beheading of John the Baptist. 11 September the day of commemoration of the prophet John is celebrated. Post is required.
Exaltation of the Cross. September 27 neither can you eat fish, but in honor of the holiday dedicated to the symbol of the Christian faith — the life-giving cross of the Lord.
Any post should not go to you in the negative in terms of health. Churchmen say it makes no sense to fast if you are sick or weak. Older people are allowed not to fast, as well as children and those who are seriously ill. Try to take communion in any of the posts.
Go to confession often and lead a godly lifestyle.
If you want to start fasting, then start doing it at least from the main multi-day posts. Do not starve yourself if you have health problems. The Lord is merciful, therefore even the slightest refusal in the days of fasting will be regarded as a small victory.
Read the prayers, go to church, gain strength for new accomplishments. I wish you a good year, bright holidays, strong faith and health. Good luck and don’t forget to press the buttons and