St. Evdokia’s Day: the history of the holiday, traditions and signs
Every spring the Orthodox Church celebrates a number of big holidays, which are of particular importance for believers. The first spring holiday is the Day of St. Eudoxia, which according to the new calendar falls on March 14, and earlier it was celebrated on March 1.
I heard the story of this girl as a child from my grandmother, who was a deeply religious man. She always observed the traditions of this day and believed in his omens.
In addition, she told why this holiday is important for women, and what they definitely need to do. About this secret and the peculiarities of the celebration of March 14 among the people, I will tell in this article.
History of the holy martyr
According to church legends, Evdokia lived in Iliopole, and was one of the richest people, but she was not distinguished by her condition. The girl was endowed with extraordinary beauty, from which all boys and men lost their heads. In her youth, she was a harlot, and led a far from righteous life, but still managed to settle down when she met Herman, a servant of a Christian monastery.
Thanks to him, the girl realized that she was living wrong, and decided to devote her life to serving God.
After repentance, Evdokia went to a convent where she lived until her death. Within the walls of the sacred temple, she never stumbled and left the right path, for which she was appointed mentor to other nuns.
In addition, the girl saw the prophetic dreams, and the prayers uttered from her mouth gained incredible strength. Rev. Evdokia was loved and revered, both in the monastery and beyond, but she also had enemies, including the emperor Vikenty, who hates Christianity.
It was on his orders that a nun was killed at the age of 56.
The people of St. Eudoxia, or, as it is called, Yavdokhi, marks the arrival of spring. According to the old calendar, it was celebrated on March 1, and in the new one — on March 14.
People believed that the great martyr received from the Lord special keys to spring, and had the right to decide for herself when warming would come, and nature would awaken from hibernation.
It is believed that it is on the Day of Saint Eudoxia on March 14 that spring acquires full rights. Until this date, you can not begin field work, because this can irritate the great martyr, and instead of warm, sunny days frosts will come.
People believed that further weather will largely depend on how the holiday Yavdokhi passed. They paid attention to the behavior of the plates, the presence of wind and sun.
In addition, there are a number of traditions, the observance of which, gave the population rich harvests, well-being in the house and happiness in the family.
On March 14, Saint Eudokia was greeted with a merry and solemn celebration. On this day, they organized celebrations, conducted various rites, prayed for their health, and began agricultural work. Many traditions are still observed in the villages, and here are some of them:
- To the house reigned wealth, the hostess in the morning were taken to bake cookies in the form of larks. Young girls and children walked around the courtyards with this dainty, sang draftsy spring parties and glorified the beginning of spring.
- For the well-being of the family, it was necessary to throw a handful of land towards the passing swallows, which at that time were returning from the warm edges. At the same time, the words were pronounced: «On you, swallow, on the nest.» And so that the family did not live in misery, this bird must have been fed with bread.
- In order to recover from ailments, on the feast of St. Eudoxia it was customary to wash with melt water, which was obtained from the snow collected the day before. During the ritual, people prayed to the great martyr and asked for good health.
- Women believed that it was possible to speed up the arrival of spring and the onset of warm days by kindling a furnace of fire with branches that were gathered in the forest early in the morning on Yavdokhi Day.
- Also on this holiday, women got rid of negativity and asked the Holy Great Martyr for happiness. For this, even before sunrise, they took a mirror and expressed in it all the bad things that had accumulated in their soul, wept and complained about their fate, after which they wrapped it in dark fabric, smashed it and buried it far from home.
- For a rich harvest on this day in the church of the holy wheat grain, which were planted in the first place. They also sowed seedlings in pots, because it was believed that the frosts would not harm it.
- Gardeners cut the dry branches of fruit trees so that they would bear fruit well this year, and they could not overcome diseases or pests.
The biggest sin on Yavdokha was to destroy the nest of the swallow. People believed that on those who dared to harm these birds on a holiday, misfortunes would fall.
People believed in the signs of St. Eudoxia Day, by which they determined what the spring and summer weather, the yield and the health of livestock would be. Some of them have reached today:
- sunny weather in Yavdokhi holiday — to an early, warm spring, as well as to a hot summer and a good harvest;
- frost and blizzard foreshadowed cold weather until the end of the year;
- thick fog or rain on March 14 — to a rich harvest of bread and legumes;
- a small warm breeze — to a cold, rainy summer;
- frosts can be expected if chickens drink melt water;
- flood promises good health to livestock, as well as a lot of grass in the meadows;
- hear the crows crowing loudly — to the rapid warming;
- Late grass will appear if the rivers do not overflow on Eudoxia Day;
- ringing drops promise a hot summer;
- if the groundhog whistling is heard, it will soon get warmer.
Many signs to this day help farmers to choose the right day for the start of agricultural work, and to grow rich harvests.
Guess today with the help of the tarot spread "Day map"!
For proper divination: focus on the subconscious and do not think about anything at least 1-2 minutes.