The text of the prayer of Psalm 67 in Russian: the rules of reading
Psalms play a huge role in my life, as well as in the religious life of Orthodox Christians and Jews. I always appeal to them in moments of grief, unhappiness, joy, and gratitude. With their help, I can throw out all my emotions.
Even Jesus Christ himself often quotes psalm lines. His last words when crucified on the cross were just lines from the psalms.
Today I will talk about the features of Psalm 67, and explain why it is read.
Meaning of the psalms
The teachers of the Christian church have written many wonderful words. For example, Athanasius the Great said that psalms cover the whole of human life, even the thoughts and state of mind of people.
The teacher of the Eastern Church, Basil the Great, argued that not a single religious book contains such a magnificent glorification of God as in the Psalter. According to them, it is from the psalms that a believer can draw courage, magnanimity, kindness, prudence, humility.
The Book of Praises (Psalms) contains 150 psalms. The Psalms can rightly be called the most comprehensive book of the Old Testament. There is a division of the Psalms into five books, at the end — a little doxology.
Each of the books presented is characterized by its distinctive features. The fact that such a division exists is clearly indicated by the fact that the individual psalms are repeated in different books, in whole or in part.
Also used their terms.
For example, in 4 and 5 the “Lord” most often sounds, in 2 and 3 — “God”. There are also some stylistic differences. In the first book one can hardly find refrins (repetitions of a verse or a series of verses at the end of the stanza), the 2nd is very rich in them.
The word «hallelujah» is found exclusively in recent books. From this we can conclude that these psalms were previously included in a collection of some hymns.
In the literature there is not one classification of sacred texts. A frequently occurring division is the singling out of the psalms of wisdom, the messianic, the complaints, the praises, and others.
Not every person can immediately determine what type the psalm is. In order to understand this, you need to read the psalm to answer the questions:
- What exactly is expressed — thanksgiving, complaint, edification, or praise?
- From what person was written — “I” or “WE”.
- Whether the author speaks from himself or is this the story of a prophet, a priest.
- Is there a priest dialogue with anyone in the text?
- Does the psalm mention the king and his relationship with the Lord?
Many researchers argue that the types of psalms depend primarily on their content. Here it is important to understand the logic of the written.
Without this, psalms may seem like heterogeneous texts, where complaints are replaced by pleas and so on. However, only believers know this, this is the logic of prayer: a person complains, but at some point he realizes that he is heard and begins to thank God for it.
Or, on the contrary, praising the Lord for his mercy, a person understands how insignificant and sinful he is and begins to repent and repent.
Psalter — a collection of songs
Not everyone remembers this, but psalms are not the least hymns for liturgical performance. Even in the texts of many psalms there is a direct indication that they should be used specifically for the liturgy.
In some psalms there are specific inscriptions on the days of the week or on holidays.
But the music that accompanied the performance of psalms in ancient times, has already been lost forever. In addition, it is very difficult to interpret the inscriptions to the psalms that relate to music. So it happened because the apogee of the development of musical art was in the period of the first Temple.
When this Temple was destroyed, the music never returned to its previous level, just as some musical instruments were not used. When the Greek version of the Bible was created, even the very meaning of these musical instruments was unfamiliar to translators.
Musical instruments are also mentioned in the psalms themselves. It often happens that many psalms are performed on melodies from secular songs.
People who are not the first time attending worship services notice this immediately.
About the authorship of the psalms are still heated debate among theologians and biblical scholars. Of course, the main of them is King David, except for him — Asaph, the sons of Korah, Solomon, Etam, Heman, and others.
In Judaism and early Christianity, all psalms were attributed to King David’s pen. This may be the explanation — it was under David that the hymnal was finally assembled and edited.
Although some psalms do not have the slightest hint of anyone’s authorship.
It is believed that even if there is an inscription «Psalm of David», then this is not a direct indication of his authorship. Modern Jewish theologians claim that most of the psalms are written by authors who lived much later than David and their names remain unknown. The problem of attribution is inextricably intertwined with a similar problem on the dating of the Psalms.
According to liberal theories, David and his contemporaries merely initiated the writing and singing of psalms.
God in psalms
God according to the Psalms is the Creator of all things not on earth, the creator of the visible and invisible. He is the one who listens, forgives, is angry, loves, repents, regrets and constantly watches his creation. Any court of his — justice itself, truth, mercy, not according to merit, but by grace.
God punishes sin, but forgives a sincerely repentant sinner. According to the Psalms, God is always close to man and people, He always knows all thoughts, there is no opportunity to hide from Him, as He is omnipresent.
The holiness of God occupies a special place in psalms. She is mysterious, frightening, all-encompassing, and everyone is almost superstitiously afraid of her.
She is God’s essence. In addition, God sanctifies all that He chooses.
This holiness of God requires the same from people, obliges them to distance themselves from sin.
All psalms and prayers are built on faith in the holiness of God. This is especially evident in the Psalms with a Messianic theme.
According to different researchers of such psalms, there are 7, 9 or 20. These figures differ due to the fact that the psalms, in fact, are one and complement each other, and the ways of presenting the messianic theme are different.
The psalms also symbolically describe the sufferings of the Lord on the cross, His rejection by the Israelites.
The author of this psalm is King David, this is indicated by his style, manner of execution, and even recommendations for musical accompaniment. Music is almost the dominant place in this case, because you can say that it is a psalm-song.
Each stanza of the song begins with the performance of musical instruments and is supported by the singing of the choir.
The content of the psalm eloquently testifies to the time of its writing and the occasion. The historical period described in the psalm is the moment of the transfer of the ark of the Covenant of the Jewish people to Jerusalem.
The text is the glorification of the victorious kingdom of God. However, despite the fact that it was precisely established, it is not possible to determine the exact time of the events
According to one version, the Ark was moved by David to Zion, on the other — it was returned to the mountain after some significant victory. In favor of the second version inclines more votes.
In any case, one thing remains unshakable — in Psalm 67, a procession is described to move the ark of the Covenant to the place where worship should take place.
The most important thing that is mentioned in the 67th is all the great acts of the Lord committed for Israel. David writes here about His mercies and relentless care for the people. A more detailed interpretation is as follows:
- From the very first stanzas one can see a description of a journey with the ark in the desert and its placement on a mountain. The words of Moses about this event, and especially — praise the Lord and hope that He will continue to protect his people, are also noted.
- Verses 3 and 4 describe the defeat and death of enemies — this personifies the rapidly disappearing smoke. David’s own thoughts are very well conveyed here, for this very bright images are used. Here there is a separate mention of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, for this reason, Psalm 67 is mandatory at Easter services.
- 3. In verses 8-11, there is a glorification of miracles performed by God during the period of the exile of the Jews.
- Verses 12 and 13 directly describe the victory of the Jews.
- Verses 14 and 15 are descriptions of the long-awaited peace after the war.
- 20-21 verses — the statement that God is always ready to come to the aid of man.
- Verse 22 mentions sinners who do not want to repent and are in constant error.
- 33-36 verses — glorifying the glory of God, His greatness and magnificence.
Psalm 67 is especially recommended for reading in case of severe ailments, difficult labor, and it can be used to express requests for healing. In addition, it will be useful in the presence of intractable problems, as well as in order to receive the highest blessing.
- Psalms can rightly be called literary and musical works.
- Disputes about the authorship of the Psalms.
- The image of God in psalms.
- Psalm 67 is a prayer for healing praising the Lord.
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