Psalm 45 of King David: the text of the prayer in Russian, the rules of reading
I have been studying psalms and their interpretations for a long time. It helps to correctly understand the text and to be closer to the Lord.
Today I will tell the meaning of Psalm 45, I will describe in detail the rules of reading.
The psalm is a form of Christian lyric poetry. He is read at divine services in temples and independently at home.
As a rule, in psalms, as well as in prayers, praise is offered to the Lord or pleas for help.
Each psalm consists of poems, the same, in turn, are further divided into semi-spirits (there may be two or more). It is noteworthy that this division may differ depending on the version of the Psalms.
The form of writing of psalms is based on syntactic parallelism (monotonous construction of sentences, when all their main members are in the same sequence) and metric organization (when the lines are proportionate in time and alternate long and short syllables).
Studying the psalms, you can see that some of them contain acrostic. This is when the initial letters of the lines form a word or phrase.
All psalms are designed according to the general rules of Jewish poetry.
The content of the texts of different psalms differs somewhat by genre variations. Here are glorified psalms of God, complaints, historical reviews, reflections, and even curses.
The one thing in all the psalms is that they appeal to the Lord.
Often, psalms have inscriptions that present a particular difficulty in determining their meaning. Here, as a rule, the author and the event preceding the writing of this text are indicated.
Sometimes the inscriptions have instructions for their execution.
Individual words, both in the Psalms themselves and in the inscriptions, do not have an exact meaning, therefore there are different translations. For example, the word «Mizmor» does not have a precisely defined meaning. According to one version, it has a common root with the word “tremble”, and according to another, it is the designation of those psalms that are intended for worship and the Jerusalem temple.
This word is an inscription to a third of all available psalms. Or take the word «Shigayon» with an incomprehensible meaning, presumably indicates the type of melody or some musical instrument, and perhaps translates as «deplorable song.»
Psalms in Orthodoxy
There is a certain consolidation of psalms for the services of the daily cycle — they are read every day. For example, for vespers — 140,141, 129,116, 33 (this is generally mandatory). In the morning they read 3, 37, 62, 87, 102,142 and necessarily 50.
The 118th always sounds at the funeral service, it is very large and it is read entirely only on the eve of parental Saturday.
Sometimes the psalm itself is read, in some cases they are alternated with chants written by church authors.
There is an ancient tradition in monasticism, according to which the hymnal should be read in full within a week. For convenience, the book is divided into 20 parts (kafizm). Each of them has its own division into three parts.
A different number of psalms can enter Kathisma — from 6 to 9. As a rule, two kathisms read in the morning, and one in Vespers. In some cases, three kathisms are read at once in the morning. During Lent the Psalter reads twice in a week.
Not every church keeps such a strict charter, but in monasteries it is necessary.
The Psalms also has a conditional division. These are practically five different books, each ending with a song praising the Lord.
- contains psalms 1-40. This is the book of David, for all these psalms, with rare exceptions, are written by him.
- psalms 41-71. At the beginning, texts are written by the sons of Koreans, then the authors change, and this is Asaph, Solomon, David’s pen belongs to 18 psalms here, and three to unknown psalmists.
- 72-88 — is called the book of Asaph, despite the fact that in addition to his texts there are also works by other authors.
- 79-105 psalms. It begins with two Moses psalms, then — two from David and 14 pieces belonging to the unknown. Because of this, this part got its name — “The Book of Unknown Singers”.
- 106-150 — has the name «Book of festive songs», as it contains mostly laudatory texts. Their authors are David 9 (15 psalms), Solomon (1) and unknown psalmists (28).
In ancient Russia, the Psalms were taught literacy, it was the third book, intended for this after the primer and the Book of Hours. The Psalter and his psalms accompanied people in Russia from infancy until death.
It was customary to always have it on hand, especially in times of trouble, sorrow, joy, traveling.
Themes of the Psalms
There is a classification of psalms by the type of their impact on a person:
- This includes the psalms to debunk the evil eye, damage, and various human fears.
- Psalms for tweaking bodily ailments and spoilage. These psalms are suitable in cases where the negative has already begun its corrupting influence on the human body.
- Otchitka spiritual actions, bad thoughts, the expression of repentance. Without remorse, there will be no benefit from reading.
- Reading over children up to 12 years old, as well as reading off family relations. This group includes very strong psalms, it can be said that they have universal cleansing power.
- Spiritual ills and spoilage.
- Karmic problems, hard life. Reading the psalms of this group removes negative attitudes, as well as clears serious illnesses that can shorten life.
- The most frequently used group of psalms, which is reprimanded from the negative impact.
- Protection of a person, his ennobling and cleansing.
- Rarely used, specific psalms that carry the strategy of struggle, the threat to life, the choice of a life path.
- Praise songs.
The fact that in a particular situation a certain prayer can help has been noticed long ago. Psalms are no exception, and each of them has its own purpose. For example, Psalm 45 is read in the following cases:
- To praise the Glory of the Lord. The text expresses hope for the mercy and support of the Heavenly Forces, faith in His help in troubles, and hope for supreme protection.
- In order to pray to God for marriage, if there are any obstacles that are perpetrated both by envy and demons. God is the deliverer of all who hinder the children of heaven. There is no such force that could resist a truly believing Christian — God is always in his defense.
- When there is a need for protection from thieves and robbers.
- When detractors slander and erect.
They read 45 psalms once a day, do not be rushed. If you read it once calmly than 10 times in a hurry.
As many people know from history, the Jewish people were few in number, and it so happened that they had to constantly repel some attacks of their enemies. Their capital was located in such a way that attacks could be expected from any direction.
In addition, many warlike tribes lived in the area.
This psalm describes one of the enemy attacks, from which the Jews were lucky to emerge victorious. Of course, victory was attributed to God.
After all, only He was able to become the protector of the holy city, sinking the ships of the enemy.
According to some information, Psalm 45 was written during the reign of Josaphat.
There are many translations of the 45th, only in Russian there are several of them. Everyone who wishes will choose the one that they like.
After all, it is not a secret that psalms can be read at home as well — this is also very useful, walking on sensations, cannot be compared with readings at worship services in temples.
The author of the 45th psalm is one of the Korean sons. It should be performed in a sonorous voice — girlish. The meaning of the text is that in all situations a person has only one protection — the Most High.
Nothing can frighten a person who unconditionally relies on him — neither natural disasters nor wars.
In the text, hyperboles are very often used — stylistic figures of deliberate exaggeration that reinforce the expressiveness of the ideas expressed. Examples of such exaggerations:
- The “waters and mountains” mentioned in the text most likely denote peoples who go to war. These are enemies that threaten from all sides. Another version of the interpretation of this phrase — sins, to the brim filling the soul of man. Further, it is a question that everyone who believes in God is not afraid of anything, He will save from all misfortunes and troubles.
- “River flows amuse” — this phrase implies the Most High, He is the source that feeds the land and the people. All who drink from His source, is given victory.
- “God is in the midst of him …” — this means that very soon the help will come to the aspirant.
- “The nations have become rosy …” — this can be only one explanation — no matter how strong and terrible the enemy may be, the Lord is always able to destroy evil intentions. Becoming on this path the enemy will lead himself to death.
- “Stopping the battle …” — freeing the nations, the Most High gives them peace and rest, and all enemies will perish to the very ends of the earth.
- “Stop and learn …” — after the victory over the enemy, the Lord pointed out to him his wonderful power, which will always be on the side of the one who believes in the True God. That is, know who your Lord.
- Psalms are a form of lyric poetry.
- The Psalter and the Psalms themselves have their own structure.
- Psalm 45 is long, you can read his passages.
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