Psalm 118: Prayer Information, Russian Text, and Explanation of Individual Verses
In the versatile content of the Bible, for everyone there are words that correspond to his inner mood. Among the verses (kathisms) of the Psalms containing a different number of psalms, by the will of the Most High, I discovered the 17th kathisma, consisting of only one psalm. it psalm 118, the text of the largest of the Bible chapters is divided into three parts; the prayer, called “Immaculate,” is read at worship services in the church, and the holy fathers privately every day.
I will tell you more about the features of this divine prayer book.
What is interesting unusual kafizma
The Holy Scripture is a rather voluminous folio, including canonical books and apocrypha texts. It is assumed that the text of psalm 118 was not written by David, but at a time when Jews were persecuted and captured in Persia.
The date of the creation of the verse is also not known, presumably during the time when the representatives of the Persian king Ezra and Nehemiah stayed in Judea, putting order in the name of God. In verses 23 and 46 you can find places with a description of hostility to the Jews by the new government.
What is the unique peculiarity of 17 kathismas containing the only psalm 118:
- the most voluminous chapter of the entire Bible, together with the New Testament, including 176 texts;
- the priesthood contains 22 conditional parts, each of which has 8 stanzas;
- In the original text, each new line begins with the next letter of the Hebrew alphabet.
The Prayer “Immaculate” is a praise song of historical content, composed in Hebrew by an unknown author and ending with the church’s prescription with the words “Hallelujah” in Greek translation of kathisma. The Jews called the psalm 118 the Great Alphabet.
The content of the church work is permeated with the thought that only the righteous are prepared to protect the Lord during the time of the Jewish captivity, when the new government prevented the participation of the Jews in religious, political and civic activities. The oppression of the Jews was promoted by the Samaritans, who with their capacious words of the psalm prepared a lot of suffering from the new government.
According to the interpretation of the Bishop of Tambov, Feofan, eight “Remain” are distinguished by a depth of content with their great artistic value:
In the revelations of Rev. Varsonofy of Optina, the Psalms of the Inspired Psalms are compared with music that contributes to the attainment of spiritual delight. The priest stated:
What is known about the prayer of «Immaculate»
Reading the Bible, which includes the Psalter, the indisputable duty of every believer, because the Word of God can revive the heart, heal from sin, enrich the spiritual. The proclamation of Psalm 118 will benefit not only those who stand at the threshold of eternity, but also those who live in this world to strengthen the beauty and glory of the Lord, as a clear teaching on earthly goals and afterlife retribution.
Controversy of authorship
- Although the compiler of the 118 psalm is unknown, its authorship is attributed to King David, who lived at the end of the second and early first millennium BC. The popularity of the version is explained by the word «Blessed», which begins the verse. This address traditionally began all important for the Jewish people psalms. From the point of view of King David.
- Opponents of David’s authorship argue that the fact of multiple references in the text about the acts of violators of the law, as well as hostility towards the psalmist, may be evidence of a later date of writing psalm 118. Most likely, this is the turn of the 6th – 5th centuries BC. e., allegedly during his stay in Judea authorized by the Persian king.
Why do believers read psalm 118
The priesthood is proclaimed independently during home prayer. Most often, the prayer is given to the deceased to improve his stay in the afterlife, to cleanse from sins, and to give the deceased spiritual joy.
Not every believer easily reads Church Slavonic; for convenience, the text has been translated into Russian for a deeper understanding of poetry.
It is important to read the Psalter over the dead by the established rules:
- How to read — prayer is conditionally divided into three parts — up to 73 verse, after it up to 131 stanzas and before the end. Between them, praise is recited along with a special prayer commemorating the name of the deceased.
- When reading — the verses are proclaimed in the morning and evening services, during the funeral, the ritual of burial. Supplemented by eulogistic prayers, Psalm 118 is read on Holy Saturday before the Easter service.
In accordance with the church tradition, the psalm stanzas are pronounced in the circle of relatives and friends of the deceased during the third, ninth and fortieth day after the death of the Christian. Therefore, a strong prayer is called a memorial.
The author of the prayer, who calls himself a young man, in the words of the psalm asserts that only the righteous will gain the protection of the Most High. The psalmist in prayer lines leads in on a detailed discussion on how to come to fulfill God’s will for spiritual growth.
It is a thorough rethinking of the points of the law that explains the vastness of the longest kathisma. The emotional coloring of the text indicates the sincerity of the author, trying to understand the essence of the rules established by God, rejoicing in finding such an opportunity.
The full text of Psalm 118 in Church Slavonic and Russian languages with line numbers is presented below:
Psalm 118 together with previous and final prayer services can be found on the pages of the prayer book, but you should buy it in the church shop at a temple or monastery. Listen to the sound of 17 kathisma in church worship:
Interpretation of 17 kathismas by theologians
The words of the greatest prayer with frequent repetition of the main thoughts, pronounced on behalf of the young psalmist, make it possible to find answers to questions about the purity of thought that make one think about the necessity of observing the laws of God.
In the lines of Divine preaching, they are called the Word of Instruction, exalting a person who is supposed to live in harmony of inner thoughts with external actions, without lies and transgressions. The traveler, on behalf of whom the requests come, calls for devotion to the Laws of God, which will strengthen the faith with the triumph of truth, will allow to find peace.
When analyzing the extensive material of Psalm 118, a number of interesting thoughts can be found from the verses.
|Verse number||How to interpret|
|1-8||It describes the diversity and unity of God’s Law, manifesting the spiritual life prescribed by the Lord. The term “commands” should be understood to mean a number of private regulations related to the direction of human deeds, and “charters” define the rules for the relationship of a person with God. The word «commandments» should be understood as the limits of what is permitted to man.|
|9 and 100||The verses explain how to act to preserve the purity of one’s own soul before the Almighty. Advice is simple — the fulfillment of His laws|
|11-14||The stanzas narrate the life of the righteous one who keeps the Word of God.|
|nineteen||The verse tells about the temporary stay of people on Earth in pursuit of eternal life, which is prepared only for the righteous|
|21-23||Describes the life of the Jewish people, captured by the Persians, their struggle with the teachings of the Samaritans, as apostates of the faith, calling for disobedience to the rulers|
|33-38||Strophes talk about the need to realize the Word of God, its greatness. The lines are permeated with a call to support and follow the commandments.|
|67||The words of the verse describe the paths of the Jews who departed from God. For their transgressions, they suffered a well-deserved punishment — they were taken prisoner, his mistakes helped to realize the mistakes made, strengthened the readiness for strict observance of the Laws of the Lord|
|69-70||The poems are about the fact of the confrontation between the pagans and the Israelites, as described in more detail in the book of Ezra and Nehemiah.|
|81-83||The verses show the trials that hit the songwriter and all his people, bending under the weight of trials|
|94-96||Describes God’s greatness and glory, which opened to the wanderer, in comparison with the imperfection of man|
After reading the entire Psalm 118, an oppressive feeling of grief for the Jewish people, who had experienced so much oppression and hardship, is covered. Although sad stanzas do not cause joyful sensations, they contain the hope of salvation bestowed from above, as well as admiration for the Most High, who guides the children of Israel.
The creation of a strong prayer for the forgiveness of the departed sinner is not always within the power of the family and friends, and the poetry in the church language has more weighty significance. Therefore, reading the Psalter on the departed is better to entrust the priest, although in the mouth of a close relative prayer will take great power.
In addition to the commemoration ritual, 17 kafizm is recommended to add to the daily prayer rule, as a hymn to the immortality of the human soul, led by God. However, one should not expect that reading the Psalter will become a guarantee of salvation, but the creation of good deeds and prayers will help to pass the tests of the Last Judgment, to find the happiness of the Salvation of the immortal soul.
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