Amulet dolls: meaning, types, independent production
Effective talismans in the form of dolls-amulets from ancient times have a beneficial effect on human life. Slavs such dolls were used everywhere. Many self-made toys were intended for children’s games, but some amulets were made for specific needs: protection from negativity, attraction of well-being to the material sphere or personal life.
These dolls were protected from children, placed in prominent places in the house or carried with them on special occasions.
The simplicity of making a talisman allows each woman to make such a talisman for herself or her family. This does not require special skills, but you should follow some rules, otherwise the finished doll will be just a toy, and not a powerful protector and helper.
There may be one talisman in the house, but most often needlewomen make many dolls, each of which carries its own benefit. Varieties of toys allow you to save yourself and your loved ones from all sorts of misfortunes, but before you make an amulet, you need to be familiar with its value.
Description of Russian folk dolls amulets and their meaning:
|Bereginya||Protects all households from misfortune. It is made from a variety of pieces of multi-colored fabric, each of which symbolizes one of the family members.|
|Successful woman||Bears luck and success to the owner. It should be done in that period when everything in life is good, so that it is saturated with positive energy|
|Veduchka, or leading to life||Helps mother see baby. Protects the newborn from negative influences|
|Bird-joy||Brings fun and joy|
|Herbalist||Used in the treatment of diseases, helps maintain health.|
|Baba Yaga||Protects the house from evil people "sweeping out" them from the doorway. It is placed near the entrance to the dwelling.|
|Krupenichka and the rich man||Pull into life wealth. You can only make these dolls for married women. Toys stuffed with cereal, beans or peas|
|Plantain||It protects travelers from misfortunes on the road. This doll needs to be made before going a long way.|
|Lovebirds||The strongest talisman for attracting, maintaining and kindling love in the hearts of husband and wife|
|Krupenichka||Attracts material well-being. The doll is stuffed with croup, and for greater effect they put in a coin twist.|
|Cleaner||Eliminates all the evils. It helps in any unpleasant situation: cures the sick, enriches the poor, soothes suffering sufferers|
|Ten-handle||Fills a woman with energy, allows her to cope with many things, prevents fatigue and exhaustion|
|Ash||It protects the house from all troubles. The doll’s head was stuffed with ashes from the stove, dipped in water and sealed to make it like a stone. If there is a newborn in the family, then an ash fly should be placed in the doll’s hands, making the head in the same way|
|Caneam herbalist||It helps in the treatment of diseases. A doll is filled with medicinal herbs and always kept close to the patient.|
|Diaper||A suitable talisman for small children. Diapers are made by mothers for newborns, usually they are made in several pieces, making a separate conspiracy for each pupa: from illness, the bad eye, poor sleep, and so on.|
|Zhelannitsa||Fulfills desire. This toy is made only for one cherished desire. As soon as it is completed, you must say goodbye to the doll.|
|Kupalo||This amulet allows you to quickly get married or marry. It attracts suitors to the girl, and makes guys attractive for women of the opposite sex.|
|Bell||Maintains a good mood and helps to always be in good spirit. It is best to hang this doll at the front door of the room.|
|Six-handed||Helps needlewomen to sell their products. They put coins in the bag of the doll so that they attract buyers to the goods that the woman makes with her own hands.|
|Kolyada||The basis of this doll is put a piece of birch log, and only then wrapped with a skeleton cloth. Kolyada brings peace and harmony in the family, does not allow spouses to quarrel|
|Thread of fate||It drives out sadness and gloom, relieves depression. The house attracts well-being and wealth, and on the way helps not to stray from the road. The thread in the hands of the doll symbolizes the complete destiny, in which there is love, happiness, health and good luck.|
|Spiridon Solstice||This doll was made just in case, so that you can turn the wheel in her hands, if something in life goes wrong. The turn symbolizes changes in fate, and after life changes for the better, the doll must be burned during the celebration of the winter and summer solstice.|
|Likhomanka||Relieves serious ills. If a person is seriously ill, you need to make several Likhomanok and put him in bed: they will definitely stretch the disease on themselves. After recovery, the dolls need to burn|
|Feeder||Such a talisman can survive hard times. A feeder will never allow a person to stay hungry. If the material situation makes you starve, you should make this doll|
|Cabbage||Married ladies bring happiness to their family life, and girls are attracted to good suitors.|
|Fat woman||Helps to conceive a child. If a woman cannot become pregnant for a long time, a mother or close friend can make such an amulet for her. When a woman gives birth, you need to give Fat Baby to play|
|Kuzma and Demian||This is a true male amulet. Women make it for their sons, husbands or brothers, so that they do not know tiredness in work, do not drink and are not lazy.|
Not every homemade doll will protect its owner. In order for the talisman to be powerful, saturated with positive energy and fulfill the task entrusted to it, it is necessary to follow a number of rules in its manufacture:
|one||This talisman should make a woman. A doll made by male hands will not protect against misfortunes and misfortunes.|
|2||Production must take place all alone. Only daughters of needlewomen can be in the room. Boys and men carry negative energy to the further action of the amulet. Better time so that no one is at home|
|3||The needlewoman needs to concentrate on work, calm down if any problem distracts her. Good mood and smile on the face will definitely give the doll a good message and positive energy.|
|four||During the work you should sing melodious songs or read prayers. Special plots for good luck, health, love, happiness or wealth are “wrapped up” on a doll, and the talisman subsequently shrouds the owner with this slander.|
|five||In the manufacture can not be distracted, all the thoughts of the needlewoman should be about the meaning that is embedded in the talisman|
|6||Before starting work, you need to call the doll its protective name-value.|
|7||From the beginning of the winding until the end of the work, the doll should be on the woman’s lap. Materials for the manufacture can be put on the table, but you can not let go of the charm|
|eight||All work is done in one go. If you had to be distracted by other matters, you need to leave the doll started, and instead make another one from the very beginning. A break in the process of work indicates that the product will not protect the owner|
|9||Charms are made only by hand, in the manufacture of the needle can not be in the hands of knives, scissors and other tools. Production is carried out in stages, so materials should be prepared in advance: the necessary forms should be cut out of fabric a few days before work. It is better to take the threads from caprone, as they are stronger than usual. When making a doll, you can only tear the scrap, threads, materials with your hands. It is allowed to bite the teeth with the teeth or burn them in the fire of the torch|
|ten||The face and head of the amulet doll are made of a single-color fabric, multi-colored fabrics will suit the clothes, but they should all be natural: linen, cotton, wool|
|eleven||If the charm is made for yourself, you need to take the cloth from your own unnecessary things. As a gift, dolls are made from new materials or take the old things of the person who is intended talisman|
|12||If you need to sew something, you can not do several stitches in a row. For fastening parts use one thread for each seam, which is threaded into two holes and tied into three knots. The triple knot not only carries strength, but also adds slander power|
|13||All rag toys are made in Russian style by winding. Special care must be taken when folding the material. Charm doll should be tightly stuffed with fabric|
|14||If in the process of work something fails (some part breaks or breaks, objects slip out of the hands or threads break), you need to utter a conspiracy: “Misfortune will come to the doll, and I will (or the name of the guardian) get around|
Dolls are useful not only in the form of protection — they can be used to heal or improve your health during a disease. In this case, herbs are of particular importance.
We must not forget about allergic reactions: the magical and healing properties of herbs will not bring joy and the desired effect if a person becomes covered in a rash or sneezes incessantly using a charm.
In Russia, the most often filled doll bag or put into a toy when winding:
- mint — cleans the air, develops memory and improves mental activity;
- Lavender — disinfects the space and fills the room with a delicate aroma;
- Melissa — helps relieve nervous tension and improves sleep;
- St. John’s wort — relieves insomnia;
- Thyme — has antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and expectorant effect when coughing.
Any woman can make amulets with her own hands at home: she is an easy-to-make doll, she doesn’t need special patterns and skills. The following instruction is suitable for both beginners and experienced needlewomen.
To work you need to take:
- a skein of thread;
- white shawl 15 x 15 cm;
- a piece of lace on the apron;
- colored fabric 7 x 15 cm for a sundress;
- a piece of flesh-colored fabric 5 x 5 cm;
- a triangular cloth on a scarf for a toy;
- rectangular piece of thick fabric 10 x 20 cm.
To make the doll step by step, it is recommended to adhere to the following scheme:
Slavic ritual dolls were used not only for defensive purposes. The history of the ancient Slavs contains indications that with the help of such amulets you can find out your destiny. For fortune telling, you just need to ask the puppet a question before bedtime and put it under the pillow.
She will surely give an answer or a hint with the help of inspired sleep.
Another important ceremony is held at the parting of the owner with a doll. An assistant cannot be simply thrown out or thrown into a dark corner if she has already fulfilled her mission.
Before parting with the talisman, you should sincerely thank the doll for all the benefits that she brought, then you need to make for her a boat or a ship out of paper and release the toy into a free rafting along the river.
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