Many customs are associated with the rite of burial of Orthodox believers in Russia. It is believed that if you do not follow all church traditions and signs, you can harm the deceased in the afterlife.
Traditions relate not only to the process of burial, but also the date when it should be held. One of the mandatory requirements is the funeral of the believer after death, which is done in person, that is, in the presence of the priest directly next to the body, or in absentia, when this is impossible for some reason.
The Orthodox Church argues that the funeral should be conducted in compliance with all traditions. Christians perceive death as a transition to a new life, so the deceased must be properly prepared for this stage.
The deceased must appear before the High Court purely both spiritually and physically. Body washing should not be done by close relatives.
The procedure is carried out at the threshold of the house.
It is believed that the things used in the washing are transferred to the energy of the deceased. Therefore, after the completion of the process you need to get rid of them as soon as possible.
Dishes, which was water for washing, scallops and all other objects are carried away to the intersection or in the field. This is necessary so that the deceased does not return and does not take any of his relatives with him.
After washing the deceased, you must wear. In Russian men traditionally clothe in a dark suit, women — in light clothing. The best clothes are chosen for burial or a special set is bought.
White slippers without hard soles are worn on the feet. The head of a woman should be covered with a scarf.
If an unmarried girl dies, she is buried in a wedding dress, and an unmarried young man is put on a wedding ring.
In the house where a man died, silence must be observed. All glass surfaces, mirrors, are covered with a cloth or white paper.
Much attention should be paid to the coffin. This is the last refuge for man. For the manufacture of the coffin is used virtually any wood species; the only exception is aspen.
Inside the coffin should be upholstered in soft material. The body of the deceased is placed on a white sheet.
Baptized people are buried with crosses. The hands of the deceased are crossed on the chest, and they put a lighted candle.
Things that during life were of great importance to the deceased can be put in the coffin.
Until the removal of the body from the house can not throw garbage. This tradition is observed now.
In cities, bodies for burial are taken from the morgue already prepared.
Farewell must be held in the church; however, more often, instead, they are limited to inviting a clergyman to a house. In the villages, they most often say goodbye to the deceased for 3 days; all this period, the coffin is in the house.
Taking out the body is not taken until 12:00, but in any case it is necessary to bury it before sunset.
It is necessary to carry out the dead with feet forward: this is done very carefully so that the deceased does not touch the threshold and the shoals with his feet. It prevents it "return" and means the soonest transition to eternal life.
The coffin cannot be carried to close relatives: as a rule, people are specially hired for this purpose.
There is a tradition for the funeral procession — the first person to receive is given bread, which he should wrap in a towel. The counter must also pray for the deceased.
The procession can only stop at the church or at the cemetery.
In the Orthodox Church, great value is given to the burial service of the deceased. In a Christian way, a person must repent of his sins before he dies.
This increases his chances to go to heaven. But not always man has time to repent before death.
For this, the church funeral the deceased and gives his soul a blessing.
The Orthodox Church in Russia performs five types of funeral:
- Infants — they are all children up to seven years.
- Worldly people.
- Easter burial — the ceremony is scheduled in the first week after Easter. In the Easter week funerals are prohibited.
- Monks and hieromonks.
The rite is held both in the temple and at home. Relatives may invite a priest home.
If there is no possibility to visit the temple, but the priest cannot be brought, the correspondence funeral is performed.
It is far from always permissible, but only in those cases when the full-time funeral is almost impossible:
- for warriors buried in a mass grave;
- for victims of large-scale air and rail accidents;
- for the dead in settlements without a church.
It is undesirable to order a correspondence funeral service for the missing — they should be prayed the same way as the living ones, because in Orthodoxy everyone is alive before the Lord.
During the funeral, the priest reads a prayer before the tetrapod — it is a candlestick designed for candles in memory of the dead. The funeral begins with the requiem tropari, during which the forgiveness of sins is requested for the dead.
After this, the clergyman commemorates the deceased at the memorial litany (prayer petition); The funeral sedale is sung in chorus, after which the thermos of the funeral canon are sung with choruses about giving rest to the dead.
Upon completion of the correspondence ceremony, the priest gives the land to his relatives. It must be scattered in the form of a cross on the grave of the deceased.
At the usual funeral, the earth is poured immediately into the coffin on the bedspread.
The ritual itself is recommended to be performed as soon as possible — if it did not work out before the funeral, then it should be done no later than 40 days after the death.
There is a belief that in the event that the relatives of the deceased refused to funeral him because of financial considerations, in order to save the funeral, they will be punished — he will return and will in every way complicate their lives.
Not always the deceased can repent. You can not conduct a ceremony if:
- The deceased was a suicide. The only exceptions are people with mental disorders.
- The man was not baptized in life. This does not apply to babies who did not have time to christen.
- The late led an immoral lifestyle, called for atheism.
Previously, there was a ban on funerals cremated. It was believed that the deceased must be buried in the ground.
But the ban was lifted, as this method has become more relevant.