Skin hyperpigmentation — this is the presence on the skin of areas that differ in color from skin tone. These can be freckles, dermatitis, secondary hyperpigmentation and many other types of diseases. Hyperpigmentation can occur in both adults and children. In addition, the disease affects different parts of the body. Most often, the color pigment can be found on the face, neck, under the eyes, on the legs in the legs, as well as on the shoulders and forearms.
Luckily, hyperpigmentation is treatable, but before telling you about it, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the causes of this disease.
Hyperpigmentation of the skin may be due to various reasons. In general, the pigment melanin is responsible for the correct skin color. It is precisely its deficiency or excess that makes spots appear on the skin of various colors. Symptoms are always the same: any patchy redness of the skin, in which acne or abrasions do not appear, is a symptom of an excess of melanin. And the reasons may be as follows:
- endocrine disruption;
- hormonal disbalance;
- gestation period;
- lack of vitamins;
- skin injuries;
- a number of gastrointestinal diseases;
- varicose veins;
- reaction to the use of antibiotics;
- excessive dryness of the skin;
- mental injury or injury to the nervous system.
Often, many can not affect the stages of development of the disease, considering it to be incurable or safe. Nevertheless, hyperpigmentation can cause psychological problems for some people, so it can and should be treated! You can do it under medical supervision or at home, adopting popular methods.
Hyperpigmentation can be divided into several types and subspecies, depending on its localization and the principle of manifestation. One type of disease is known to everyone. freckles. Often they have a light or dark brown color, sometimes with red. Their size does not exceed a couple of millimeters in diameter, and under the influence of direct sunlight, they can become brighter and more saturated. Freckles can appear on the face, neck, shoulders, chest, and even on the abdomen and legs. Often this type of hyperpigmentation is localized on the hands and even fingers. There is a very interesting fact: Most often, people with natural red hair color are susceptible to freckles, as it is in their bodies that there is an excess of melanin. The cause of the appearance of freckles is usually heredity.
The second type of hyperpigmentation is chloasma. This disease has dark round spots, which often appear only on the face, and the cause of its occurrence is hormonal failure or hormonal adjustment, which is a consequence of pregnancy. Another type of hyperpigmentation of the skin can occur against the background of certain liver diseases.
Secondary or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation of the skin is a consequence of injury or inflammation of the skin. Most often, secondary hyperpigmentation occurs in people who have had eczema or neurodermatitis.
Although hyperpigmentation of the skin does not affect the physical health of a person, it can cause a number of psychological or aesthetic problems. Fortunately, this disease can be treated both by a cosmetic method and at home, using the recommendations of specialists in traditional medicine.
The first thing that needs to be done by a person who wants to treat hyperpigmentation on his own is appeal to a dermatologist. It is also advisable to undergo a comprehensive examination to determine the cause of hyperpigmentation, and after that proceed to treatment.
There are two types of treatment.: with the help of medicines or cosmetics, or with the help of traditional medicine. The doctor may recommend these drugs:
- vitamin C;
- folic acid;
- lemon acid;
- hydrogen peroxide;
- salicylic acid.
You can purchase ointments or creams based on these vitamins to treat problem areas with their help during hyperpigmentation. Due to this, over time, the spots will become lighter and disappear altogether from the skin.
You can also use the services of cosmetologists. Procedures that will help get rid of hyperpigmentation on the skin are:
Before using these cosmetic procedures, consult your dermatologist, as well as carefully study list of contraindications.
As for folk remedies, at home to correct the skin tone in several ways. We suggest you take note of several quality and time-tested recipes that will help you forget about hyperpigmentation, if not forever, then for a very long time.
It is very simple to make a lightening mask from ordinary soap for skin. To do this, you need to rub a small piece of any (and preferably children’s) soap on a fine grater, take one small spoonful of soap chips and pour 15 ml of hydrogen peroxide on it. Stir until foam appears, then drip two drops of ammonia and, using a cotton swab, apply the product to problem areas of the skin. After 20 minutes, the skin should be washed with clean warm water and moisturize with a nourishing cream.
Such procedures need to be carried out once a day until the desired result, however, if the mixture starts to bake the skin, it is better to get rid of it immediately.
Another remedy that will help lighten the skin during hyperpigmentation consists of lemon juice and starch. To cook it, you need to take a large spoonful of starch, pour it into a small container and add freshly squeezed lemon juice. Juice need a number that is enough to get a mushy mixture. It should be used in the same way as a mask of soap.
Fruit and vegetable juices famous for its vitamin composition. They have a lot of different useful elements that will help you get rid of hyperpigmentation. Juices from lemon, pomegranate, grapefruit, cucumber, black currant, etc. are considered the best in their business. To get rid of hyperpigmentation, you should squeeze the juice immediately before use and treat them to the skin, which has spots. This should be done at least twice a day, and, if desired, more.
Elderberry infusion for the treatment of hyperpigmentation can be prepared in the following way:
- Rinse a few large elder flowers, fold them into a small saucepan and cover with a glass of hot water.
- Cover with a lid and leave the pan until the water cools down.
- Strain the cooled infusion through gauze and add about 200 ml of pure drinking water to it.
- In the resulting liquid should be moistened cotton discs and put them to the problem areas. Keep until dry, then moisten and apply again.
It is necessary to use this infusion two to three times a day for a month every day. After that, you should take a break for a week and, if necessary, repeat the course of treatment for hyperpigmentation of the skin at home.
Such methods of treatment of the disease will help you significantly lighten the pigment spots on the face and body, after which you will forget for a long time what skin hyperpigmentation is.