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Alopecia: types, symptoms, causes of illness and treatment methods

Alopecia — This is a disease that leads to partial or complete loss of scalp and sometimes other parts of the body. According to statistics, 1/3 of the female population faces alopecia. Most often, baldness catches a woman over the age of forty, but there are cases of alopecia in 25 and 30 years.

Hair loss is a huge problem for a woman, because with such difficulty grown hair in a short time turns into an ugly thin bundle of hair. Alopecia should be treated and treated immediately, as soon as you notice excessive hair loss. In our article we will explain how to do this, as well as consider such topics as the types of alopecia and its causes.

Alopecia in women has several types, each of which has its own kind of baldness. At the moment, there are four types of alopecia:

Undoubtedly, any subtype of this scalp disease is very unpleasant, not only for women, but also for men and even children.

Let’s try to consider each subtype of the disease separately and give it a general characteristic. You can also recognize alopecia from the photos that you will find in our article.

Focal alopecia begins to develop due to the fact that the immune system mistakenly perceives the roots of the hair as a foreign body and begins to actively deal with them, as a result of which the roots are destroyed and the hair falls out forever. Focal alopecia is characterized by the following set of characteristic features:

  • lesions are usually round or oval;
  • hair loss can occur at once in several «lesions», but most often in one;
  • focal alopecia has several types of development, during which hair begins to fall on all parts of the body, and not just on the head.

With focal alopecia, the nail plates may also be affected. The disease develops due to genetic predisposition.

Androgenic Alopecia is a disease that affects women because of an overabundance of testosterone in the blood. This type of disease has its own set of symptoms:

  • patients have increased hair growth on the face and hands;
  • voice gets rougher with age;
  • baldness is uneven;
  • In 70 percent of cases, androgenic alopecia is inherited through the female line.

Alopecia areata is most common in men, but women are also susceptible to this disease. Alopecia areata is characterized by the following factors:

  • hair loss is localized in the middle of the head, in the area of ​​the parting;
  • on the sides of the head the hair remains in place.

Due to hair loss in the center of the head, it becomes like a nest, because of which the alopecia got its name.

Diffuse alopecia occurs in more than 90 percent of cases. This disease occurs because of too much sensitivity of the hair roots to dihydrotestosterone. There are several stages of development of such baldness:

  • first, the hair begins to fall in the form of a strip, periodically moving to the temples and temechka;
  • then baldness begins to resemble alopecia areata, as the hair begins to fall out directly in the center of the head;
  • The last stage of diffuse alopecia is androgenetic alopecia, in which atrophy of hair follicles. This process cannot be stopped.

The causes of alopecia can be very different. Any violation of the hormonal background of a woman can negatively affect hair growth, as well as hypothermia, stress and illness. There are a lot of reasons, in our article we will look at the most common ones.

The first and most popular cause is polycystic ovary. With this disease, too little estrogen is produced in the woman’s body, and testosterone is produced in excess, which causes hair to begin to fall out.

Lack of vitamins — also quite a serious cause of hair loss. You can fill the shortage with the help of medicines, or you can include more foods that contain iron in your diet.

Pregnancy and lactation also affect the occurrence of alopecia of the head, since during this period hormonal changes take place in the woman’s body, and nutrients from the food are mostly sent to the fetus.

Among other things, there are such causes of alopecia:

  • scalp fungus;
  • stress;
  • hypothermia;
  • malfunction of the thyroid gland;
  • chronic diseases;
  • zinc deficiency;
  • side effects of taking pills and drugs;
  • cosmetic means.

Sometimes it happens that the cause of alopecia cannot be established. In this case, such a disease is called chronic telogen hair loss.

The treatment of alopecia of hair is a long and difficult procedure that may not be immediately fruitful. In order to properly and once and for all cure alopecia, it is necessary to correctly determine its appearance. For this you can use the tips of our article, but it will be much better if you visit a dermatologist. Only he will be able to correctly establish the diagnosis, so that the treatment of baldness will be the most effective.

Treat alopecia in women in the following ways:

  • antifungal therapy of the scalp;
  • use of a vitamin complex;
  • maintaining the necessary level of iron in the body;
  • treatment of neurological diseases;
  • normalization of hormonal levels and treatment of the endocrine system.

There are a large number of medical and cosmetic preparations for the treatment of alopecia, but most women still tend to folk remedies that have been tested for years. In our article we will tell you how you can cure alopecia not only with medicines, but also with folk methods.

If you trust drug treatment more, then you have the choice of which drugs to use. For the treatment of alopecia, there are two types of drugs: oral and local. Locals are usually sold in liquid form as sprays or oils that should be applied to the scalp in places where hair loss is noticed. Such means help to drive blood to dead hair follicles, as a result of which hair growth resumes. But with alopecia, women are not recommended to use solutions in a concentration of more than two percent, as the risk of hair growth on the face increases. You can also use specialized creams and masks that accelerate hair growth.

Oral medications are tablets and capsules, which are taken orally before or after meals. They act from within, getting into the blood and feeding the body with the missing elements.

As for folk remedies, their whole point is to use products that can irritate the scalp, as a result of which hair growth begins. These products include onion, red pepper, cognac, garlic, castor oil, burdock rhizome other. Any of these products should be mixed with water, and then applied to the scalp in those places where hair loss is observed.

In conclusion, it should be said that in order to prevent the appearance of alopecia in women, should carefully monitor the condition of the scalp, as well as to avoid hypothermia and stress. In this case, your hair will be in place.

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