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Pineapple: types, benefits, harm, features of cultivation and use in cooking

Calorie content: 52 kcal.

Energy value of the product Pineapple:
Protein: 0.3 g.
Fat: 0.1 g
Carbohydrates: 11.8 g.

A pineapple — Tropical fruit, caught in our region from Paraguay and Brazil. The person who brought the pineapple to Europe is considered Colomb. This fruit, being not only tasty, but also having a peculiar shape in the form of a cone (see photo), immediately won the love of the local population. Pineapple fruit has dark skin and yellow-orange color. The weight of the fruit can reach from 2 to 15 kilograms. Pineapple has a pleasant aroma, and its taste is unique.

Where and how to grow pineapples in nature? This question at least once asked every fan of this product. The answer can be easily found by reading the label on a can of canned food or on a tag attached to each fresh fruit. But this information applies only to the country of origin. But how exactly pineapple grows, you can read in this section of the article. And not only to read, but also to see the process with your own eyes on the attached video.

Most often on the shelves you can see the fruits brought from Thailand. But it happens that the product is imported from other countries, the climatic conditions of which allow to cultivate pineapples. In nature, pineapples grow on herbaceous plants whose name is consonant with the name of the fruit. The plants are perennial and rather large in size. The height of some bushes can exceed two meters, and the plant can occupy an area of ​​up to three square meters in width.

Pineapple fruits ripen at a short distance from the ground, forming in the axils of the leaves. The leaves themselves are dense and have a rather large thickness and juicy flesh on the cut. Along the edges they are littered with spines, which can outwardly resemble the plant we are used to, commonly referred to as the agave.

In tropical countries, whose economy is tied to agriculture and the cultivation of all kinds of exotic fruit for us, pineapples are cultivated by huge plantations. In addition, it should be noted that the climate of these regions allows you to collect two or even three crops of this product per year, because the time of ripening of pineapple in nature ranges from three months to six months. All sorts of technologies help pineapple farmers to get the maximum number of ovaries and large fruits.

Like any other direction of agriculture, the cultivation of pineapples is not complete without toxic chemicals and various complex fertilizers. It is the latter that make it possible to obtain a product of the highest quality, which not only will be sweet and large, but also be able to transfer long-term transportation.

Many farms, climatic conditions and the location of which is not so favorable for the cultivation of this exotic plant, cultivated pineapples in conditions close to natural. For this, greenhouses with a special microclimate are built. Harvest in such farms can also be collected two or three times a year.

Having learned about this, some gardeners are also trying to grow a plant in their own area, and many successfully grow pineapple in a pot on the windowsill in an ordinary apartment. Undoubtedly, this will have to make a lot of effort, as well as create a plant conditions of the native climate of the tropics, but still it can be done by many. Of course, it is not necessary to count on a big harvest, but to get a small pineapple, and also to show the children how much and how it grows live (and not just in the pictures), it will definitely work out!

There are many types of plants pineapple, but then we will discuss the most common.

  • Pineapple krupnokhoholkovy — a plant with a rosette of linear leaves. After flowering, it forms a golden-yellow fruit. Brazil is considered the birthplace of this plant species.
  • Pineapple inflorescence — this type of plant is considered the most beautiful, it has bright greenish colors with yellow and white stripes. The fruits of this plant are very beautiful pink. At home, rarely bears fruit.
  • Dwarf pineapple — dwarf variety, its leaves reach a length of only 20-30 cm. This plant is not used for gastronomic purposes, grown as an ornamental plant. It can be used in flower arrangements.
  • Pineapple is not practically grown as an ornamental plant.

You can get acquainted with each of the pineapple species mentioned here in more detail and see his photo in the photo gallery at the end of the article.

Is pineapple a vegetable, fruit or berry? Scientists have not yet found the answer to this popular question. And all this happens because the plant combines a large number of different properties, based on the evaluation of which, pineapple can be attributed equally to many plant species. Although scientists, analyzing similarities and agreeing on the opinion, decided to classify the product as “pineapple fruit”. We have to add the definition of “exotic” to this name.

How to identify and select ripe pineapple? The question is far from simple and relevant, because every customer wants to receive only high-quality goods.

The main criterion for the quality of pineapple for the consumer can be called the ripeness of the product, and in this matter, many have doubts. This is due to the fact that the fruits are removed for some time before their maturity. They ripen already in the process of transportation to the final consumer. Dense scaly skin, which covered pineapple segments, allows the product to endure long flights, but it is not resistant to various shocks and temperature changes. Improper conditions can affect the taste of the fruit.

The first thing you should pay attention to the buyer is the appearance of the fetus. A high-quality product has a brown peel color, and will also be very dense to the touch. Such a fruit is sure to be sweet and tasty.

The remaining criteria, which should be focused on when choosing a pineapple in the store, are shown in the table below.

Sound when tapping

Must be extremely deaf. A sonorous echo inside the fruit suggests that the pineapple is not fully ripe.

None. Spots and scratches, as well as all sorts of violations of the integrity of the shell indicates improper transportation of the product.

Must be green. Slight yellowing of the tips is allowed. The very sheet rosette should be easily separated from the fetus. If the sheet is separated with effort, then such a pineapple should not be purchased.

Well pronounced, sweetish, but very thin. Sugary smell is in the overripe fetus, which may be too soft inside. If the pineapple has no smell at all, then it means that the fruit is unripe.

Aromatic, has a sweet taste, tinted with sour, and pleasantly crispy.

A quality pineapple cannot be easy. If a large-sized fruit does not reach half a kilogram by weight, then it is definitely worth giving up on its purchase. When cutting such a pineapple, you will see clearly defined fibers and feel a little juiciness.. And it’s not worth talking about the density of the pulp at all.

The cost of properly grown and brought from warm countries pineapple can not be low. Although this criterion should not be guided, not considering all the above indicators.

Where and how to store and how to ripen the fruit at home?

Where and how to store and how to ripen the fruit at home? You will find the answer to this question in this section of the article.

Buying this exotic fruit, the hostess often ask themselves exactly this question. This is because the product can be incomplete ripeness or very large, which is why even a small family cannot always eat pineapple in one sitting.

First, we solve the problem of product safety. Some housewives recommend storing the fruit in the refrigerator, well packed in a plastic bag. But this is not quite the right approach, and it is not necessary to do so.

The proper storage conditions for pineapple are:

  1. Air temperature is not lower than room temperature. The fruit does not tolerate sudden changes in humidity and should not be in the cold. Keep the pineapple extremely warm and in no case turn it down with a sheet rosette.
  2. Separate storage due to a high degree of extraneous odor. A container with a membrane for the access of air will be the best solution.
  3. Protecting the fruit from bright light. For storage fit a secluded place with good ventilation and constant air temperature.

Subject to the above, a ripe peeled pineapple can maintain its qualities for ten days.

In the case when the fruit of improper ripeness was acquired, many housewives are tormented by the question: “What can be done to make the pineapple ripen?”. Let’s try to answer it. Having tried many ways to experience, we offer the best of them.

First, provide the fetus a favorable neighborhood and be sure to cover it with a thick terry towel. Well, if the «neighbor» will be the second pineapple, but if this is not possible, then red apples, ripe bananas or juicy oranges are quite suitable.

The secret of the process lies in ethylene, which is isolated by the fruits of plants when ripe. Science knows that the fruits of plants have the ability to ripen when other fruits are near them and the inflow of fresh air is limited. This is exactly how ripe clusters of bananas and even tomatoes, taken from greenish plants. Maturation can take up to one week.

Secondly, you can resort to a simpler method: wrap the pineapple with several layers of a newspaper or plain thin writing paper, and then place it on the window sill from the sunny side for three days. Turn the fruit periodically to ensure a more uniform warm-up.

In order to determine if the fetus ripens, conduct a simple test every day: gently pull the sheet rosette upwards. If she gave in easily, and even more so separated, then you can safely use pineapple!

You can grow this exotic plant at home. The plant is light-loving, with a lack of sunlight will require the installation of artificial lighting, especially in the autumn-winter period. As an artificial light source is recommended to use fluorescent lamps.

Pineapple is very photophilous. It should receive sunlight for 8-10 hours a day.

Growing pineapple on the windowsill, it is necessary to create all the conditions for him. It is not recommended to rotate the pineapple, as this will slow down its growth. A one sided illumination will be quite enough for a plant. If the pineapple has large leaves with light crimson colored tips, this means that it gets enough sunlight. With a lack of sunlight, the leaves of the plant become pale. If a pineapple grows in conditions of insufficient moisture, then its leaves turn brown and dry.

The soil for planting pineapple should consist of humus and sand. Orchid soil can also be used. Pineapple is a very moisture-loving plant, in a warm season its outlet should be filled with water for 2/3. Soil between watering must have time to dry. Water the plant should be soft rain water, you can also use boiled tap water, slightly acidified. Pineapple needs constant spraying, in the summer it is sprayed twice a week. Feed the plant with nitrogen fertilizers.

Pineapple has a fairly extensive composition of vitamins and minerals that can not be compared with any other fruit. It consists of vitamins C and A — the guards of our immunity, as well as B vitamins, which take care of the nervous and digestive system.

A pineapple considered a dietary product, therefore, it is approved by many diets. It has special enzymes that burn fat.

Pineapple is actively used in cosmetic care. It is used for facial skin care. A pineapple has antibacterial properties, fights against oily skin, It is used as a peeling agent.

Diet on pineapples for weight loss set. Nutritionists suggest that this product perfectly breaks down fats and can help get rid of two to three kilograms in three days.

Many are interested in the question of how truthful this statement is, and whether pineapple is really a miracle.

As for truthfulness, the proven effect of the pineapple active substance on body fat should be noted. Bromelain is able to actively break down proteins and fats, but this will be possible only if their formation in the body is not associated with hormonal changes. This suggests that a person prone to obesity or having this disease in history, cannot rely only on the “magic” effect of this fetus. Pineapple diet will help only those who do not have a significant excess of BMI and not ill with diseases associated with metabolic disorders.

I would like to focus on the fact that for active work in terms of burning fat, losing weight in this way a person should consume a fairly large amount of the product in the daily diet. A day will require at least two kilograms of fresh pineapple and about two liters of natural juice of this fruit. Canned food has no positive effect on the body and is only a delicacy..

Let’s give some examples of unloading diets of various duration. For convenience, we systematize the data in the table.

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