Mountain Arnica — description with a photo of the plant; therapeutic properties of the flower and contraindications to its use; the benefits and harms of herbs; recipes decoctions and tinctures
Calorie: 1 kcal.
Energy value of the Arnica mountain product:
Protein: 0.1 g
Fat: 0.1 g
Carbohydrates: 0.1 g
Mountain arnica — perennial medicinal plant, representative of the Koshicolor family. The plant is a stem with small leaves and orange-yellow flowers (see photo). The name of the grass comes from the Greek word «Arnos», which translates as «lamb», perhaps so called arnica due to the fact that it grows on mountain pastures.
The grass is common in the glades of coniferous forests, especially a lot of arnica in Western Ukraine, in Lithuania. Mountain arnica is a protected plant, it is listed in the Red Book, you can not pull out a flower with a root. Alchemists considered arnica a symbol of the sun. The ancient Greek physician Dioscorides called her «sneezing grass» because the leaves and flowers of the plant cause sneezing.
For medicinal purposes, the grass can be harvested by yourself. The plant should be harvested at the beginning of its flowering, i.e. in June-July. Flowers should be collected on a dry and clear day. The leaves of the plant and its root is harvested in the fall. Drying the grass is recommended in a cool place, away from sunlight.
Water and alcohol tincture of arnica is also used in veterinary medicine, in eye diseases in animals, as well as sprains and bruises. In veterinary medicine, tincture is used as an effective anthelmintic agent.
The therapeutic properties of mountain arnica are due to its chemical composition. Arnica flowers contain lute, which is necessary for the prevention of retinal diseases. The grass contains malic, lactic and formic acids, as well as tannins, vitamins. Arnica has disinfecting properties, which allows it to be used as a natural anti-inflammatory agent. On the basis of arnica produce various drugs: oil, alcohol tincture, extracts. The plant lowers the amount of bad cholesterol in the blood.
Arnica is mainly used in folk recipes, arnica oil is used for warming massage. Arnica massage will be effective for sports injuries, sprains. Oil can be a component of perfume with herbal odors. The plant can be used in the alcoholic beverage industry as a flavoring agent for some types of liqueurs.
Decoction is used after childbirth to reduce the uterus, as well as to normalize menstruation. The broth is made from dried grass flowers. 15 grams of flowers boil for about 20 minutes. The infused decoction must be taken in two tablespoons before meals.
Medicinal properties and juice has fresh flowers of the plant. It is squeezed during the flowering of arnica. Reception of plant juice is a good prevention of seizures, prevents paralysis. In order to improve the taste of the drink, add a little bee honey to it.
Outside decoction of grass flowers is recommended to take for the treatment of vultures on the skin, with ulcers, boils. Compresses of decoction of arnica flowers are also effective. with a cold on the lips. Arnica lotions have long been used to treat wounds and bruises. In Germany, arnica is even called «fall grass».
The benefits of arnica are due to arnicin, which the plant flowers contain. Arnitsin is responsible for the bright yellow color of flowers. But the most valuable component in the composition of the herb is the essential oil. Arnica oil is very toxic and is not used in aromatherapy. The consistency of it is viscous, with a strong aroma.
Traditional medicine uses a tincture of plant flowers. Tincture reduces the excitability of the brain, improves the tone of the nervous system. Arnica has sedative properties. Large doses of herbs can prevent cramps. Drugs with an extract of arnica normalize heart rhythm.
In folk medicine, arnica was used to recover from cerebral hemorrhage. Receiving arnica allows you to quickly restore the functions of the nervous system. When taking medications based on mountain arnica, the vessels of the brain expand, which explains the persistent therapeutic effect of taking the plant.
Flowers plants have a choleretic effect, a decoction is used to get rid of intestinal parasites. Also, inside preparations based on the plant are taken for inflammation of the internal organs. External decoction can be used for diseases of the respiratory tract and inflammation of the oral cavity. With a cold infusion of arnica, you can gargle a sore throat for a speedy recovery. As a choleretic plant is added to the milk and drink a tablespoon after meals.
Arnica is known as an agent that is used to stop internal bleeding. Tincture can be used for bleeding from the nasal cavity. Official medicine uses arnica tincture for gynecological diseases. Alcohol tincture tones the smooth muscle layer of the uterus. The tincture is indicated for women who suffer from hypermenorrhea. In surgical practice, the grass is used in gynecology, after childbirth, abortion, surgery.
You can prepare the tincture of herbs yourself or buy at the pharmacy. For homemade tincture, you must insist chopped arnica root on alcohol for two weeks in the dark. Tincture helps with cardiosclerosis, myocarditis, can be used as a means that acts stimulantly on the nervous system.
Arnica oil helps with rheumatism, because it has a warming effect. It is also used for varicose, oil. resolves bruises and hematomas on the body. For the treatment of bruises oil is used externally in the form of compresses. It is necessary to soak a napkin with arnica oil and apply a compress to the injury site several times a day.
Arnica oil is also used as a cosmetic. From bruises under the eyes, along with calendula, they are driven in by fingertips under the eyes for 30 minutes.
Medications based on arnica mountain during pregnancy are contraindicated. It is not recommended to apply arnica to nursing women. Arnica essential oil is very toxic, it is not intended for internal use and can cause irreparable harm to the body.
With an overdose, the patient may experience shortness of breath or chills. With the wrong dosage, Arnica tincture can cause an attack of nausea, stomach pain, diarrhea. With large doses, arnica can cause heart irregularities. If you have any of these symptoms, you should stop taking arnica and contact your doctor.
Arnica is contraindicated in children under 3 years of age. It is also not recommended to take the herb for people with high blood clotting.