Food preservative E200 Sorbic acid — the use of this additive in the manufacture of products, its effect on the body (harm or benefit?)
Determination of sorbic acid and its characteristics
Food supplement E200, which is also referred to as sorbic acid is a preservative widely used in food production. Outwardly, this substance looks like a crystalline white powder. Sorbic acid has a slightly acidic taste and a weak but specific odor.
The empirical formula of the E200 additive is as follows: C6HeightO2.
Rowan berries are a natural source of sorbic acid. This substance was first obtained in the 19th century by Augustus Hoffmann (the famous German chemist). He isolated sorbic acid from mountain ash juice. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the additive was obtained synthetically. The discoverer in this case was a chemist named Oscar Denbner. At the moment, the food additive E200 is obtained from crotonic aldehyde and ketene.
Due to its antimicrobial properties and the preservative effect, sorbic acid is used in food production (however, we will discuss this in more detail later). Also, the above characteristics of the substance allow it to be used in the manufacture of chewing tobacco, as well as cosmetics, to protect these products from premature spoilage.
Food supplement E200 is allowed in the Russian Federation, in the United States of America, as well as in the countries of the European Union.
Food supplement E200 is most often used in the food industry. Apply it both independently and in combination with other preservatives. In general, the range of application of sorbic acid is quite wide:
- add it to fish products for the purpose of canning;
- for the same purpose add it to fruit products;
- this additive is part of the confectionery products;
- You can also see the inscription E200 in the list of ingredients margarine.
Due to the antimicrobial properties of sorbic acid, it is possible to avoid the formation of mold on products. Therefore, bread and bakery products, gelatinous films on meat products, dried fruits are processed with it. With the same purpose, food supplement E200 process packaging materials for food.
Sorbic acid has found wide application in the production of various beverages:
- canned pineapple juice;
- soft drinks with flavoring;
- flavored wine-based beverages;
- low alcohol drinks up to 15 revolutions.
Due to the fact that the food supplement is poorly soluble in water, it helps to increase the stability of soft drinks, as a result of which their shelf life can increase up to 30 days.
In addition to the above products, sorbic acid is also used in the production of canned milk, condensed milk, cream, canned vegetables, canned broths and soups, concentrates (herbal, fruit, tea), various cheeses, all sorts of sauces, etc.
As for the question of the influence on the organism of the food additive E200, it can be said with confidence that she is not dangerous. However, sorbic acid may cause some harm. So it can cause urticaria and more serious allergic reactions in particularly sensitive people (allergies). In addition, this substance, entering the human body, is able to destroy vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin). As a result, neurological disorders may develop.
On the beneficial properties of sorbic acid for the body no information.
Due to the possible side effects of the food supplement E200, the limiting dose of its consumption was established. Per day for a healthy adult, it should not exceed the limit of 25 mg per kilogram of body weight.
The synonymous names for the food supplement E200 are:
- sorbic acid;
- 2,4-hexadienoic acid;
- 2,4-hexadienic acid;
- 1,3 Pentadion-1-carboxylic acid.
Food preservative E201 Sodium Sorbate
Food preservative E202 Potassium Sorbate
Food preservative E203 Calcium Sorbate
Food preservative E209 Para-hydroxybenzoic acid heptyl ester