What effect does the food antioxidant E300 (ascorbic acid) have on the body?
Food supplement E-300 is nothing more than ascorbic acid. It is a powerful antioxidant, which has found quite wide application in our life. Use it both in the food industry, and in pharmacological.
Such an additive is a powdered substance that tastes sour. It is painted in light yellow or white.
Antioxidant E300 is not banned in any country in the world, which, incidentally, is not surprising, because it is a synthetic form of vitamin C, so necessary for the body. It is a close relative of glucose, from which, however, it is synthesized.
Chemical formula of ascorbic acid: C6HeightO6
In which areas has ascorbic acid been used?
As we mentioned earlier, the food additive E300 is used in two areas: in the food industry, and also in the pharmacological one.
Functions performed by ascorbic acid in food production:
- prevents the formation of (meat and fish) nitrates, nitrites and N-nitrosoamines in sausage and canned foods;
- in the production of various meat products, this food additive helps to speed up the process of dyeing, and also is generally a color stabilizer during storage;
- is a preservative for animal and vegetable fats, that is, increases their shelf life;
- in the production of bakery products, ascorbic acid is used to improve the quality of flour;
- in the production of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages used as a color stabilizer;
- in the production of dry food products, potato semi-finished products, fruit and vegetable jams, they are used as an antioxidant and stabilizer, which allows preserving the taste of the product for a long time, its color and smell, as well as this additive additionally enriches products with vitamin C;
- in the confectionery industry can act as a substitute for citric acid, and is also a preservative for fats used in sweets.
In pharmacology, ascorbic acid is produced in the form of tablets and dragees, which are necessary to overcome the deficiency of vitamin C, as well as to strengthen the protective functions of the body.
At reasonable doses, the use of the food additive E300 bears no harm, but rather even vice versa. Being a synthetic form of vitamin C, it is also able to improve the protective functions of the human body by stimulating the production of interferon, which enables the body to suppress a variety of infections and viruses. That is, this additive has an immunomodulatory effect. In addition, this antioxidant can provide reliable protection against the action of many allergens.
Ascorbic acid takes an active part in the formation of connective and bone tissues, and it also increases blood clotting. In addition, this dietary supplement helps break down blood cholesterol.
It should be noted that ascorbic acid is not able to be synthesized directly in the body, and therefore it must be constantly received from the outside. And since it is very important for maintaining human health, a lack of it can bring substantial harm. It can appear such a disease as scurvy. This disease violates many functions of the body. Its bright manifestation is tooth loss due to weakening and bleeding gums.
It is also worth noting that harm is brought not only by the shortage of this substance, but also by its excess, but this will be discussed further.
A safe dose of ascorbic acid for a person is 0.5 milligram per kilogram of weight. In general, the necessary daily intake rate for an adult is 90 milligrams, for a pregnant and breastfeeding woman this rate rises respectively to 100 and 120 milligrams. Also, people who have bad habits such as smoking and excessive drinking are in need of increasing the daily dose of ascorbic acid. For children, the rate of ascorbic acid ranges from 30 to 90 milligrams.
The excess of this substance is excreted from the body with the help of the excretory system.
An overdose of ascorbic acid has very unpleasant consequences, which can manifest themselves in the form of allergic reactions, upset stools, irritation of the urinary tract. If the excess of this dietary supplement is permanent, it can even form kidney stones. So do not overdo it with the use of ascorbic acid!
Synonyms for this substance can be: