Food additive E1103 Invertase — harm to the enzyme, its use in food production
Food supplement E1103 Invertase is an enzyme obtained by controlled fermentation of Saccharomyces sp. (Kluyveromyces), which in the human body is produced by the walls of the duodenum, as well as the walls of the small intestine. Also, this substance is contained in the body of bees, which with its help process nectar into honey. The effect of invertase is that it breaks down sucrose into glucose and fructose, resulting in an inverted sugar syrup.
Externally, the food additive E1103 is a pale yellow powder or the viscous liquid is transparent or almost transparent. To taste, this substance is sweet with the same light sweet smell.
Until 2010, invertase in the Russian Federation was used in food production as a consistency stabilizer, mainly in the confectionery industry. However, since 2010, supplement E1103 has been excluded from the list of permitted food additives. It is also banned in Australia and New Zealand. In the EU, however, invertase is allowed. In the US, there is no mention of the addition of E1103 at all.
Invertase is most widely used in the confectionery industry, however, this will be discussed further. In addition, it is worth noting that in some cases it is used in agriculture as a component of animal feed.
The food additive E1103 has found its use in the production of sweets, in particular, for the manufacture of such confectionery masses: marmalade, marzipan, praline, and also for the manufacture of fondant candies.
Due to the fact that invertase slows the crystallization of sucrose, and also due to the fact that fructose binds water because of its hygroscopicity, the final product hardens much more slowly. Thus, the shelf life of the confectionery product is increased.
Food supplement E1103 is also used in the production of fructose-glucose syrups and directly fructose itself. Invertase is also used as a catalyst in the production of invert syrup.
For the body, food supplement E1103 does not carry any value, and therefore it will not bring health benefits. However, she and not harmful, and all the more given the fact that in the production process of the final product in which the additive is applied, it is inactivated. However, there is a danger of the formation of toxins in invertase during its manufacture. In addition, especially sensitive people may develop allergic reactions to invertase.
Food supplement under the code E1103 can also have such synonymous names: