E102 dye Tartrazine — a general characteristic of this food additive and its effect on the human body (description of harm)
Food supplement E102 Tartrazine is a synthetic dye that does not exist in its natural form. It is obtained from coal tar, which is nothing more than waste generated in the process of coal mining. The most important feature that has led to its widespread use in food production is cheapness. The price of the dye is about $ 10 per kilogram, which is significantly cheaper than all other analogs of the coloring matter in yellow.
Externally, this food additive may look like a powder or granulate, or as aluminum varnish (powdered) or as an aqueous solution of a yellow color.
If you have found the inscription “food additive E102” on the packaging of a product, then one of three substances may be present in the product: sodium, potassium or calcium salt; aluminum varnish.
This food dye is allowed in the CIS countries and the European Union, although all in the same European Union until the 80s of the last century, it was banned due to its negative impact on the human body. This substance is one of the most harmful among all other dyes. However, in more detail about the effect of E102 on health, we will describe further.
The classic way to use tartrazine is to add it to food, but in the EU countries and in the USA it is also used to stain drugs. Also, the dye E102 can be found in shampoos, body gels, as well as in bath foam. They can be tinted liquid cleaners, as well as dishwashing detergents. And also found tartrazine application in the textile industry: they dye such fabrics as silk and wool.
The use of tartrazine in food production
Tartrazine is quite popular in the food industry, and especially given its low cost. It is used most often to tint drinks, as well as to give a yellow color to confectionery products: jam, jelly, candy, ice cream, cakes, pies, etc. Food supplements can also be found in canned vegetables (legumes, peas, cucumbers, pickles, etc.) and fruits, for example, in pears. In addition, it is used for coloring some dairy products: yogurt and a variety of desserts. The additive has also found its use in the production of fast food, in particular, in mashed potatoes and dry soups. It is also quite often tint tartrazinom mustard.
Apply the dye E102, both independently and in combination with other dyes. So if you mix it with a blue dye, then you can get green, and if with red — then brown or black.
Aluminum varnish, which is also considered the dye E102, is used to paint the surface of the dragee.
Effect on the human body: is the additive harmful or not?
The effect on the human body dietary supplement E102 has the most negative. It can manifest itself, both in mild form in the form of allergic reactions, and in a rather severe one. So due to the consumption of this substance Merkelsson-Rosenthal syndrome may develop (symptoms of the disease: swelling of the face, lips, mouth, tongue, and paralysis of the facial nerve). In addition, due to the dye, angioedema may develop (a strong allergic reaction that, even due to severe laryngeal edema, can lead to suffocation).
The food additive E102 brings particular harm to the child’s body. In addition to severe allergic reactions, it can reduce the concentration of attention of the child and provoke hyperactivity.
Due to the high risk of side effects on the dye, the rate of its addition to the finished product has been established. It is 150 mg per 1 kg of the product. In addition, there is a marginal rate of consumption of a substance per day. It should not exceed 7.5 mg per kg of body weight of an adult healthy person.
The synonymous names for food coloring E102 are:
- acid yellow 23;
- CI food yellow 4;
- FDC yellow no. 5 (USA).