Dye E104 Yellow quinoline — a characteristic of the influence of food additives on the body
Dye E104 Yellow Quinoline — This is a dietary supplement, which we can often see in the list of ingredients of many foods. Its main function is to color the product yellow. In the same case, if the dye E104 is not used in an independent form, but in combination with other dyes, other colors can be achieved. So the combination of yellow quinoline with blue dye gives green color, and with red — the range of colors from brown to black.
There are two main types of food supplement E104:
- quinoline yellow SS;
- quinoline yellow WS.
In the first case, the dye is soluble in alcohol, in the second — in water.
Externally, this substance is a granulant or a yellow powder or an aqueous solution of a saturated lemon color.
On the territory of Russia, Ukraine and some other CIS countries, as well as on the territory of Australia, New Zealand, and the European Union countries, the food additive E104 is considered permitted. At the same time, in Norway, the United States of America and in Japan the dye is not allowed for use in food production.
In addition to applications in the food industry, the additive is used in other types of industries. For example, in Russia it is allowed using this dye to give color to medicines with an oral route of administration. In the US and the EU, quinoline yellow is also added to pharmaceuticals. In addition, with its help tint some cosmetic and care products (decorative cosmetics, colognes, soaps, shampoos, bath foams), as well as household chemicals (all kinds of cleaning products and dishwashing detergents). Also, the dye is used for dyeing silk and wool.
The use of quinoline yellow in the food industry
In the food industry, the quinoline yellow dye has found application in the production of such food products:
- all kinds of desserts, including those made on the basis of milk, for example, ice cream;
- fruit ice;
- bakery and pasta;
- canned fruits;
- glazed vegetables and fruits;
- alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages;
- dietary mixes;
- edible coatings for sausages and cheeses, as well as some other products.
Although in the post-Soviet space, the food additive E104 is not considered prohibited, but it still carries some danger. So its constant use causes hyperactivity in children. Besides she may cause serious allergic reactions, in the most severe cases, leading to even suffocation. Also, the dye can be harmful in the form of an itchy skin rash (the so-called urticaria). He is also able to cause rhinitis (runny nose) and even provoke asthma attacks.
It is worth noting that the British Food Standards Agency, better known as the FSA, called on food producers in the EU countries to voluntarily stop using E104, due to its possible health risks. In addition, the agency also recommended reducing the daily allowable quinoline yellow consumption rate from 10 mg per kg of body weight per day to 0.5 mg.
The synonymous names for the food supplement E104 are:
- quinoline yellow;
- yellow dye КФ 6001;
- quinoline yellow;
- acid yellow 3;
- food yellow 13.