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Cherry plum: beneficial properties and harm of fruit, which varieties and types are preferable?

Calories: 34 kcal.

Energetic value of the product of Alych:
Protein: 0.2 g.
Fat: 0.1 g
Carbohydrates: 7.9 g.

Cherry plum — A plant of the family Pink. Its homeland is considered the territory of the Caucasus. The fruits are also called “tkemali” and “cherry-bleached”.

At the moment, the aura of the spread of cherry plum has expanded considerably and can be found almost throughout the whole territory of Eurasia. Round fruits of small size reach an average diameter of about 25 mm.

Depending on the variety, fruits can be colored in yellow, pink, orange, red, green, and even purple (see photo). Inside the fetus there is a flat bone of small size, which is poorly separated from the pulp. The thin velvety skin on top is covered with a small waxy bloom. Under it is juicy fleshy flesh green or yellow. It has a sweet and sour taste and a pleasant aroma.

What is the difference between plum and plum? This question can often be heard from novice gardeners and from housewives. Therefore, we will try to answer in an accessible form to everyone.

Let’s start with the difference of the fruits. We are accustomed to see plums mostly blue, although in some varieties there are fruits of yellow and pink color. Cherry plums are represented by a large variety of colors. They are purple, red, pink, yellow, and can also combine all these colors in the color of one fruit. Plum is usually larger than cherry plum, and also sweeter. It contains more sugars, and in cherry plum — more acids and calcium. Cherry plum surpasses the plum in vitamin E content. Cherry plums are much juicier, which is why jam from it always turns out to be thinner than plum.

Cherry plum seedlings also differ from plum trees, as does their cultivation. Plums are susceptible to a large number of diseases that cherry plum does not have, although the latter is more fastidious to the temperature regime. Breeders in every way tried to fix it for many years, so now they have derived plant varieties that can withstand not only frosts, but also frost at thirty degrees.

Currently, supporters of cherry plum are becoming more and more. And this is also the merit of scientists gardeners. Such plant varieties have been developed that take up very little space on the plot and at the same time produce a crop commensurate with the volume of fruits from a large tree.

How to choose cherry plum? The question is interesting, so we will answer it with pleasure.

As for plum as a food product. High-quality fruits should be free of dents and brown spots, which are nothing but rot. Cherry plum, taken from a tree, is prone to deteriorate very quickly, and the windfall may even turn black after six hours. If you want to make high-quality preparations, then purchase the fruit only from trusted vendors and use only the highest quality product.

All cherry plum fruits should be about the same size and must have the same color. To the touch, a ripe fruit should be resilient on the outside, but when gently pressed, a pleasant softness should be felt inside.

To break the pulp should be very juicy and not have visible fibers. The color inside the fruit varies from bright yellow to peach with a splash of red. Ripe cherry plum is very fragrant, and the smell is noticeable from a distance.

The beneficial properties of cherry plum for human health are indisputable. So, it contains a large amount of ascorbic acid, which allows the fruit to be used as prevention and treatment of beriberi. In addition, regular consumption of this fruit has a positive effect on the immune system. Included in the cherry plum and potassium, which is necessary for normal heart function. Thanks to a small amount of sugar, fruits can be included in the diet of people with diabetes..

Separately, it is worth highlighting the benefits of immature cherry plum, as it considered an excellent natural antioxidant. It is recommended to use for cleansing and rejuvenation of the body. Since plum refers to low-calorie foods, it is allowed to use it in the period of weight loss, as well as include in your diet with obesity.

It is proved that regular use of cherry plum helps the body to resist the effects of radiation and radiation.

The beneficial properties of cherry plums are also used for cosmetic purposes. For example, an infusion based on fruit pulp is an excellent means for washing, which helps get rid of oily skin. The flesh can be used as a mask that cleans the face of acne. A mixture of pulp and crushed bones is an excellent mask that helps rejuvenate the skin of the face, neck and décolleté.

In cooking, using not only fresh fruits, but also processed ones. Most often, various jams, marmalades, jelly and other sweets are made from it. Use the fruit and for the manufacture of beverages, such as compotes and juices. In addition, plum is an ideal raw material for the production of alcohol. To be able to enjoy the fruits for a long time, they can be dried and frozen.

Unripe cherry plum is used to make sauces and side dishes that are great for meat dishes.

The benefits of cherry plum are taken into account and are widely used in traditional medicine. For example, for men it will be useful to know that an infusion of flowers from the plant makes it possible to get rid of the prostate and improve erection. Fruit jam is recommended to be used in the treatment of infectious and viral diseases, as it will act as antipyretic and expectorant.

Since amygdalinic acid is present in the seed, they can be used to relieve an attack of bronchial asthma..

Harm plum can bring people with individual intolerance to the product. Since there is a lot of acid in the fruit, it should be discarded with increased secretion of gastric juice. It is not necessary to include in the diet alych people with gastritis and ulcers, the presence of these diseases is a contraindication to the use of fruit.

It is worth remembering that in the stone plum are harmful substances that can cause poisoning. In addition, it is worth remembering that you need to eat fruits in moderation. Otherwise, you can provoke the appearance of an upset stomach.

Types and varieties of cherry plum set. Modern gardeners have about three hundred varieties and about the same number of hybrids of this plant. Systematized knowledge, we present the characteristics that will help to classify plum in the following categories:

By maturity:

  • early — ripen in late June in middle latitudes;
  • mid-season — ready to eat in July — the first decade of August;
  • late — dope in September.

By groups of plants:

According to the method of cultivation:

  • wild or normal;
  • cultivated (hybrid).

According to the method of pollination:

  • self-fertile — gives a bountiful harvest, even if there is no pollinator in the district;
  • self-infertile — needs a close arrangement of cherry plum of any kind for pollination, otherwise it gives a small number of fruits.

The most famous varieties that have been successfully cultivated by amateur gardeners in most regions are listed in the table below. All of them are cold-resistant and very abundantly bear fruit. The last column shows the characteristics of varietal differences.

Red, standard form.

Yellow with a purple stripe along.

Tightly attached to the pulp.

Deep purple with a bluish tinge. The weight of one fruit reaches forty grams.

Tight against the flesh.

Dark red, round shape.

Fits tightly in the flesh.

Round, purple. The flesh is juicy and red. Productivity is high.

Crohn rare with large gaps.

Outside are yellow, like the pulp on the break. Very sweet.

Separated without difficulty.

Plant formation is standard.

Light weight, color varies from pale yellow to yellow with a violet bloom.

Srednerosly grade with dense krone.

Large, rich yellow, dense to the touch, and the flesh has a pronounced acidity.

Fruits are small, yellow.

Productivity is stable. The fruits are large, the color is yellow, the flesh is sour and dense.

Differs in a red-violet color of foliage. Crown dome.

Fruits are purple and very dense, rather large. It has a pleasant acidity.

Violet with red, ovoid, and on the rift have yellow flesh.

Removed very hard.

Small and rather compact.

Dense, burgundy color. Productivity is high. The flesh is juicy and sweet.

Fruits are no larger than average. They have characteristic acidity, red color and high density.

Separated with effort.

Medium growth resistant to various diseases.

Dark red and very sweet, large. The flesh is yellow.

The tree is a standard size, the crown resembles a thin spindle.

Small. The color is yellow, and the taste is different from other varieties of cherry plum in almond aftertaste.

Small and separated without effort.

Many gardeners also appreciated the advantages of a hybrid cherry plum, obtained by breeding by crossing cherry plums and cherry plums. The plant was able to combine the best qualities: compact crown, abundant fruiting and winter hardiness. The fruits of this cherry plum turned out dark red and very juicy, and the flesh has a pink color. Stone separates easily. A large number of plant varieties always leaves the gardener the choice of the best for him.

How to plant and plant plum, how to care?

Proper planting and care for cherry plum are quite simple processes that even a novice amateur gardener can do.

The first after the selection of varieties, what is worth attending when planting cherry plum, is the choice of place. This should take into account the factor how comfortable the plant will be in seven years, when it reaches its average height.. The distance to the neighboring trees in the garden should allow the gardener to perform all the necessary processes without inconvenience. In most cases, it should be at least six meters between the trunks.

Cherry plum is best to feel on a sunny plot. By providing protection to the plant from the north and east winds, you can get a bountiful harvest of good quality in the future. Buddy need to provide abundant watering and fairly good soil without stagnant water. The optimal choice of soil mixture for plant growth will be loam.

Planting cherry plums is not difficult. In order to grow a healthy tree, first of all, provide him with the best conditions for transplantation. The optimal time for this process is late autumn, but in extreme cases it can be done in early spring.

To make the sapling feel comfortable, do the following ten days before the intended landing.

Dig a hole about a meter in diameter and 50-60 centimeters deep. Approximately two-thirds of it is filled with a mixture prepared from one bucket of basic soil, one bucket of humus and a kilogram of complex fertilizer containing a maximum of minerals. In the acidic soil to this composition is recommended to add lime. If alkaline soil prevails at the site of plum cherry plum, then add some gypsum powder. Strong clay soil is recommended to be loosened with peat mixed with sand, but sandy soil, on the contrary, is sod. The prepared pit should be covered with dark oilcloth or agrofibre.

Acquired seedlings with an open root plant immediately. To avoid problems with rooting, dip it in the mash made from clay, water and any rooting.

At the bottom of the previously prepared fossa form an elevation similar to the shape of the bend of the rhizome, and then install a plant on it. Gently sprinkle the roots with earth, and then tamp it down a little. After that, carefully water the plant, holding his hands on the trunk. This is convenient to do with the assistant and it is necessary in order for the plum to keep upright. Watered soil necessarily mutilate.

If the plant has been grafted, then make sure that the stock neck is not covered with earth. When planting, take into account the initial position of the tree and try not to disturb it during transplantation. A little secret will help to do this correctly: on the south side, the crown of a tree is always thicker and spreading.

If you plan to plant the plant in the spring, then in the fall, prepare a place and soil for it. And the rest of the landing does not differ from the principles described above.

Care for cherry plum is not difficult. The main processes are aimed at the following actions gardener:

  • pruning crown;
  • periodic watering;
  • pest control;
  • top dressing.

Pruning crown produced in the spring, when they become visible embryos of leaves. It helps to identify dry branches and get rid of them. Also crone thickening is removed, forming its correct structure. Most often, plum is cut with a ball or a dome. Over the years, this procedure becomes more difficult due to the growth of the tree. That is why many people choose colonic (and even standard) species of cherry plum, which are distinguished by high yields, but at the same time do not need large space and the formation of the direction of growth of branches.

The destruction of pests involves the periodic treatment of the crown, stem and the earth around the plant with special biologically active agents or pesticides.

Fertilizing produce for good harvest and proper development of the plant. Each gardener chooses for himself the most suitable scheme and adheres to it throughout the growth of cherry plum. The only thing you want to focus on in this review article is that it is necessary to alternate the types of feeding correctly, that is, after applying natural fertilizers after some time, artificial complex fertilizers should be used.

Another way to care for cherry plum is grafting on it the rootstocks of other varieties. The best time for this is the beginning of summer. This action allows you to get up to five varieties of fruit on one tree. And they try to make a choice of varieties so that all the fruits ripen at different times. Then gardeners will not experience a shortage of space for planting new plants, and they will not be concerned about the question of where to put the surplus of products of one variety.

Many gardeners are not at all puzzling themselves with the question and successfully plant a cherry plum on other stone trees. Most often for this choose apricot and plum.

The optimal age of the tree for such an operation is the 5th anniversary of the plant, more precisely, its fifth spring. By this time, the cherry plum fully formed the root system, and, most likely, it has already passed the test of frost. In addition, the main branches of the crown and their lateral shoots have already formed on plants of this age.

Cherry plum wood makes it possible to inoculate in all possible ways, but the best are considered “behind the bark” and “in cleft”. How to make a vaccine, tell the gardener in the video. This action applies to all other trees.

When choosing varieties for grafting, it is necessary to take into account the ability of the mother plant to withstand the harvest of the selected variety afterwards. This is especially true for trees with thin branches.

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