Paw paw three-lobed — varieties and cultivation of a banana tree
Calorie content: 159 kcal.
The energy value of the product Pawpaw (Pau Pau or banana tree):
Protein: 2 years
Fat: 13 g.
Carbohydrates: 4 g.
Pawneed three-bladed or pawedin triloba — plant of the Annon family. Since the fruit looks like a banana and papaya, another name for it is “banana tree” or “American Pau Pau”. For the first time about pawpaw learned in North America. Today, the fruit has spread around the world and most often it can be found on the wet lands near the rivers.
Fruits of oblong shape can reach about 12 cm in length, and about 5 cm in width (see photo). The thin skin covers the beige pulp, which is very juicy. Sweet pawpaw has the flavor of a mixture of strawberries and pineapple.
Varieties of paws today, there are about six dozen. Almost all of them were bred in countries such as Canada and the United States, which, however, is not at all surprising, since it is North America that is the historical home of this exotic plant for us. Thus, almost all varieties that are currently grown in Russia are of North American origin.
The most common varieties of paws:
- Daviz — fruits of this grade of quite high quality; they have a pleasant yellow color, flesh and sweet taste.
- Martin — a distinctive feature of this variety is its high cold resistance.
- Overliz — this variety has characteristics similar to the Dyviz variety.
In the breeding grounds you can also find Pau Pau such varieties:
- Green River;
- Rebecca’s gold;
- Taylor and many others.
However, one should not think that a banana tree is not at all interesting for domestic breeders. This is not true! There are several varieties bred in the post-Soviet space. One of them, for example, is the pawpaw dessert. The plant itself is medium-sized, the fruits of its mid-ripening, in weight reaching 270 grams. Yellow-colored fruit pulp takes up to 95%. It has a very pleasant mild flavor.
Another domestic Pau variety is called Sochinskaya 11. The plant is vigorous, the fruits of his early maturity. The size of the fruit of this variety is large, in weight, they can reach 350 grams. The flesh of the fruit is colored yellow-orange. Her taste is extremely pleasant.
The beneficial properties of the fruit of a banana tree are quite extensive. So, paw paw (Pau Pau) has the ability to excrete bad substances and decomposition products from the body, which means it will be useful to use it in case of poisoning. It is proved that regular consumption of fruits has a rejuvenating effect on the body. Due to the content of acetogenin, the fruit slows the growth and prevents the spread of cancer cells. In addition, these substances have the ability to destroy cancer cells that did not kill the courses of chemotherapy.
Azimine Extract (Pau Pau) has a positive effect on the immune system. It also increases the protective functions and reduces the negative effects of stress, and free radicals on the body. Another fruit extract helps to cope with nervous disorders and psychosis.
Useful properties of paws are used for cosmetic purposes. For example, at home you can make a mask out of the pulp, which not only refreshes, but also tightens the skin. In addition, these masks have a rejuvenating effect.
Included in the azimine and potassium, which is necessary for normal functioning of the cardiovascular system. Due to the huge number of useful properties of this plant is used in the pharmaceutical industry for the manufacture of drugs that are aimed at combating cancer.
Azimina (Pau Pau) is used in cooking, not only fresh, but also in processed form. In order to preserve the fruits for a long time, they are preserved, and also jam and jams are made. From the fruit you can make syrup, marmalade and various drinks. In addition, the pulp is used as a filling for baking, as well as many delicious desserts can be made from it.
Harm of pawpaw (Pau Pau) can bring people with individual intolerance to the product, as well as diabetics, because its fruits contain a lot of sucrose. Contraindications to the use of fruit are in pregnant and lactating women.
Growing a banana tree in Russia is possible in those regions that account for at least 160 frost-free days per year. The most suitable territories can be called the Crimea, the Krasnodar Territory and the Caucasus. In addition, with additional irrigation, azimina can be grown in the Volgograd and Astrakhan regions, in Kalmykia, and also in the Saratov region. If, in addition to watering, the tree is also provided with a light shelter for the winter period, then it can also be planted in the Kursk, Voronezh, Belgorod, Orenburg and Samara regions.
The soil for a banana tree should be slightly acidic and light. Clay and alkaline soils are not suitable for this purpose at all. In addition, it should be borne in mind that the pavement does not tolerate stagnation of water, and therefore it is best to equip the bottom of the planting pit with drainage.
Carefully when planting plants should also be considered in the choice of the site. It should be sufficiently warm and lit, as well as reliably protected from the winds.
Growing plants can be done with the help of seeds, root suckers and cuttings.
Consider first the first option. Since the paw plant is tropical, its seed better stratify at a temperature range from +5 to +7 degrees (stratification is the process of keeping the seeds of a particular plant at a certain temperature so that they germinate faster, besides such manipulation allows to increase the germination rate). Before planting, the seeds should be soaked for five days in water. At the same time water is changed daily. After a five-day period, seeds are planted in the ground to a depth of about three centimeters. The first shoots, if everything was done correctly and the specified nuances were observed, should appear a month after planting. In addition, we draw your attention to the fact that seedlings grown in this way should not be disturbed and transplanted, since paw-paws have a very delicate root system that is easy to injure. Thus, it is better for a tropical tree to immediately determine its “permanent residence” on the site.
The next option for growing paws is growing with root suckers. So, the root offspring needs to be broken off, landed deep in the soil, and then watered properly. The first shoots will break through a month after planting.
As for planting paws cuttings, then it is as follows. The stalk is cut in spring and then buried, leaving only one bud. After this, a mini greenhouse is built for cuttings. It is constantly aired, and the plant is abundantly watered. After a month, the first shoots should appear. Planting such a seedling for permanent residence will be possible next year.
Azimine care is not complicated. The main thing — it is sufficient watering, because the plant is moisture-loving. As for feeding, then in the first year of life it is not needed at all. Then it should be applied to the soil nitrogen-phosphate fertilizers. In addition, you need to loosen the root zone, but in any case not to dig it in order not to damage the root system.
In some regions, which were discussed earlier, the tree for the winter will have to be warmed.
Since natural pollinators of plants, such as hummingbird birds, do not live in our latitudes, the process of pollination will need to be taken into their own hands. It will take for this piece of cotton attached to a hard wire. With this simple device you will need to transfer pollen from one flower to another. However, you can not do this by entrusting the process of pollination to the wind.
Summing up, we note that by following all the above recommendations, you will be able to please yourself and your loved ones with tasty and very healthy fruits.