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Avocados: how to eat it, the benefits and harm to the body, cultivation and care

Calorie content: 160 kcal.

Energy value of Avocado product:
Protein: 2 years
Fat: 14.66 g.
Carbohydrates: 1.83 g.

Avocado — also called alligator pear. For our latitudes, the fruits are still considered exotic, but, if desired, they can be grown at home. The homeland of this plant is America. Mature fruits have a delicate texture, and their taste is similar to butter mixed with mashed greens, plus a slight hint of walnut.

The fruit may be pear-shaped, ellipsoidal or spherical in shape (see photo). On average, they reach a length of about 15 cm, and their weight is approximately from 100 g to 1.5 kg. Fruits have a hard peel, on which visible irregularities are visible. In unripe fruit, it is green; during ripening, the rind begins to turn black. The flesh of the fruit is mostly green or yellow-green. In the center of the fruit is a large seed.

In general, there are three types of avocados:

The West Indian type of fruit is considered the most tender, and is grown exclusively in the tropics.

Avocados, which belong to the Guatemalan species, differ in large size. They have a rather thick skin. In addition, this kind of fruit is less capricious, and as for its frost resistance, it is small.

The most sustainable type is Mexican avocado. Frost resistance index is high. In addition, this species is not so capricious and not so whimsical in growing conditions. The peculiarity of the fruit is that they are thin-skinned. In addition, when grinding the leaves of the tree of the Mexican variety, you can feel the pronounced smell of anise. In Russia, by the way, varieties of avocado are grown that refer specifically to the Mexican species (in particular, these are puebla and mexicol).

As for the varieties of this fruit, there are more than four hundred of them in the world. However, we have on the shelves, as a rule, there are no more than a dozen. About the most common varieties of avocados, we will tell you in the table what follows.

Grade name

Description

Fruits are oval. They are covered with a very thin and smooth skin of a dark green shade. The fruits are very juicy, but the taste is mild.

The size of such an avocado can be medium or large. The form is usually round, sometimes it can be somewhat oblong. The peel of such an avocado is hilly, it is painted in a dark green color. The color is the same pulp yellow-green hue. The taste is very tender egg.

It is a pear-shaped fruit, somewhat elongated. His skin is smooth, painted in green. From the pulp, it is very easily separated. The flesh itself is colored either white or light yellow. Its taste is somewhat reminiscent of an apple.

This type of avocado is grown in the Caucasus. Its main characteristics, which favorably distinguish from other varieties, can be called drought resistance and frost resistance. Fruits grow medium in size, up to 100 grams. The color of the peel is dark purple, reaching black in a mature form.

The fruits of this variety are painted green. They have a somewhat rough texture. The form is elongated pear-shaped. The yellow flesh of the fruit has a pleasant sweet taste.

This type of avocado is grown in Gagra. She, like Mexico, has good frost resistance. A distinctive feature is that the fruits are egg-shaped. They are painted in dark brown. By weight, each fruit can reach 200 grams.

Fruits have a round or somewhat elongated shape. Their skin is bumpy, colored in a dark green shade. But the flesh itself has a light yellow tinge. It differs from other varieties in light flavors of pear and walnut.

Such fruits have a pear shape. Their rind is shiny and smooth. She painted in green. The taste of this sweet avocado with a very delicate creamy note.

This variety is available to consumers year-round. Externally, it is an oval fruit with a rather thick peel, painted black. The flesh is either white or yellow. It is somewhat oily and has a nutty flavor.

A pear-shaped fruit, the flesh of which is so tender that it literally melts in your mouth. The largest importer of this variety to Russia is Israel.

Choose tasty avocados is a snap. To do this, first of all, you need to inspect the surface of the fetus. It should not be any spots, as they indicate the deterioration of the product. Then push down on the fruit. If it is soft, but the dimples from the fingers quickly recover, then the fruit is ripe. You can also check the ripeness of the avocado in this way: shake the fruit, if the bone inside rumbles and walks freely, then this option can be bought.

Buying a green avocado is not as scary as it is overwhelmed, because at room temperature it will “reach” in a couple of days. To determine the «stale» fruit, it will also need to pin down. Overcome avocado will be soft, and dimples from the fingers will not recover. Try to avoid buying such an instance, because such a fruit can be rotten inside.

If you are going to store avocados, then keep in mind that for ripe fruits you need to maintain a temperature of about 10 degrees. Thus, it is best to send the fruit in the fridge. At room temperature, they quickly deteriorate. In the fridge, you can store them for up to two weeks.

In the event that you purchased greenish fruits, it is best to leave them at room temperature. In this case, they reach ripeness in a few days.

You can store and peeled, as well as chopped avocado. To do this, it also needs to be sent to the fridge, after having been sprinkled with lemon juice (this is necessary for the fruit not to turn black). If you have a half with a bone, then it is better not to take it out and store it with it.

Avocado pulp can also be frozen. Before freezing it also needs to be treated with a small amount of lemon juice.

The beneficial properties of avocados are truly limitless. You can verify this by examining the information that is given below.

The composition of avocado includes oleic acid, which has the ability to reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood. Given this, the fruits are an excellent prevention of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. In addition, there are phytochemicals in this fruit, which help to destroy malignant cells without any harm to healthy ones.

The benefits of avocados due to the presence of trace elements that activate the regeneration of red blood cells and protect against the occurrence of anemia. Due to the potassium content, it can be argued that the fruits useful for maintaining the cardiovascular system. Since there is fiber in this fruit, it is useful to use it in the presence of disturbances in the functioning of the digestive system.

The rich and wide range of nutrients causes the use of avocados for cosmetic purposes. For example, avocado oil is used by cosmetologists in its activities, as it helps to smooth the skin, fights wrinkles and maintains its integrity. Besides fruits help reduce the appearance of inflammation, such as: psoriasis, acne, etc. Due to the content of fatty acids, the fruit perfectly moisturizes the skin and produces a rejuvenating effect. It should also be said about the benefits of avocados for hair, not without reason, it is part of various means to care for them.

Avocados are very popular and are used in cooking for preparing various dishes. Salads, which include this fruit, are particularly popular. In addition to the fruit make a delicious cream soup. Included avocado in the composition of all your favorite sushi. From fruits prepare mousses, which are used in snacks, canapes and sandwiches.

Avocados make a variety of sauces, pates, cocktails and even exotic ice cream. In general, this fruit belongs to the universal, as it goes well with a variety of products, but it is especially good with seafood. In addition, avocados are perfect for stuffing.

Avocados are eaten either raw or previously heat treated. Of course, the first option is better, because it allows you to get all the useful substances contained in the fruit, without any loss.

It’s very easy to eat raw avocado. To do this, simply cut the fruit along to the bone. Then, holding the different halves of the avocado, turn them in opposite directions from each other. After that, remove a bone from one of the halves of the fruit and discard it without regret (it is not used as food). Although it can still be saved to try to germinate at home. So back to the avocado halves! Now they can be eaten by taking out the pulp with a teaspoon.

Peel, as a rule, is not eaten, although it is not forbidden.

There is another way to eat raw avocado. It is similar to the method described earlier, only before separating the halves it is necessary to remove the peel from the fruit (this can be done with an ordinary knife).

Raw avocado can be eaten not only as an independent fruit, but also added, for example, to a salad. It will be good in combination with seafood.

Peeling avocados is very easy. This process is no more difficult than the daily cleaning of potatoes. So, for the procedure you will need a sharp knife or a kitchen device for cleaning vegetables. Manipulations make exactly the same as when cleaning potatoes.

Avocados can be prepared in various ways, as discussed earlier. However, there are some tricks in handling this product.

If you use fresh avocado, then keep in mind that it darkens in the air, and therefore it is not recommended to prepare it in advance. Peel and cut the fruit to serve before serving. In addition, so that the avocado does not darken, you need to sprinkle it with lemon juice.

Unripe fruit can taste bitter, but adding garlic will help to correct the situation. Also, so that the avocado does not taste bitter, buy it in advance and let it dospet.

The benefits of avocado have been proven due to the large number of experiments performed. For example, scientists argue that these fruits help prevent heart attack. In addition, it is noted that the substances contained in the fruit, it is much easier to endure stressful situations. Recent studies have shown that regular avocado consumption helps reduce the risk of developing and developing cancer, and in particular, breast cancer.

Harm avocados can bring people with individual intolerance to the product. In addition, since the fruit is quite fatty and, besides, high-calorie, it is necessary for people with obesity and those who watch their figure to limit their consumption. In these two cases, the use of fruits is contraindicated.

In the bone are toxic substances, so eat the fruit with caution!

Cultivation of avocados is possible only in southern areas with a warm and mild climate, since the plant is tropical. The most resistant varieties can survive the winter at a temperature of at least -4 degrees. Therefore, on the territory of the former USSR, for example, this fruit was grown only on the Black Sea coast and in Georgia.

Of course, in other regions there is an opportunity to grow avocados, but for this it will have to be planted in a greenhouse. You can also grow trees for decorative purposes at home.

So, what is the technology of growing avocados? Let’s see!

Choosing a landing site is very important! You need to plant a tree in a well-lit area. Ideally suited for this slopes, heated by the rays of the sun during the day. In addition, in such a place should not accumulate moisture, because the avocado does not like it. Also note that a mature tree will need nine meters around it.

The landing pit should be about a meter in diameter, so should its depth. Fertilizers are laid on the bottom and sprinkled with earth. The seedling should be positioned so that the vaccination site is about two and a half centimeters above the ground. In addition, the kidney should be deployed in the opposite direction from the sun. After planting, the tree should be watered so that the ground around the roots is well saturated with moisture and compacted. There should be no air pockets.

Watering seedlings cut at the moment when it grows up to 23 centimeters. Then carry out this procedure no more than once every two weeks. However, watering is still produced abundantly. This process stretches to an hour.

Watering is not the only point of tree care. It must be constantly fed. The procedure is usually carried out from the beginning of spring to the very end of summer. Use as fertilizer dung (chicken or rabbit), as well as bone and blood meal. If litter is used, approximately 2.5 cm is applied at the beginning of spring. The second option is to add to the soil two garden blades of bone and blood meal at intervals of six weeks.

When caring for avocados, you need to be very careful in pruning. So with the young, such a procedure is better not to carry out. In mature trees, it is necessary to remove those branches that tend to the ground, as well as those that do not yield crops. In that case, if the tree was subjected to strong frosts, pruning is recommended to be carried out no earlier than in the middle of summer. You also need to take into account that the tree is afraid of sunburn, and therefore the foliage can not be removed in any case.

Growing an avocado from a seed at home is easy, if you know how to do it. However, this is exactly what we are going to tell you.

Firstly, it should be borne in mind that only a bone of ripe avocado will germinate. It can sprout in two ways: closed and open. The first involves the ordinary landing of the seed in the ground. In this case, it is deepened with a blunt end down 2-3 cm. The bone will germinate 2-4 weeks after planting. The open method involves immersing the seed in water. To do this, make small holes in the bone on four sides and insert toothpicks into them. It turns out some kind of struts. Then such a bone is placed above the surface of the water (it should be recessed by a blunt end about a third). When the roots grow about 4 cm in length, the seed can be transplanted into a pot with soil.

Care for homemade avocados is simple. First of all, do not place the plant in the place where the sun is constantly shining, as it is afraid of sunburn. However, the temperature should be maintained at a rate of not less than 10-12 degrees. Also, do not place avocados in a draft. Water it regularly. The soil should be well hydrated. In addition, do not forget to spray home tree. It loves moisture! Fertilize avocados every month.

If you follow all the above recommendations, the avocado will delight you with its wonderful appearance. However, we warn that some species of this tree may have poisonous leaves, which should be considered if there are children or pets in your home. In addition, please note that homemade avocado will serve exclusively decorative purposes, the fruits do not ripen on it.

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