Marsh marsh — healing properties, description and contraindications
Calories: 0 kcal.
Energy value of the product AIR:
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Carbohydrates: 0 g.
Calamus swamp — herbaceous plant, a representative of the family Airi. His homeland is considered to be India, China, East and South Asia. It is also distributed in Europe, where this marsh plant was brought by the Arabs. And it came to Ukraine thanks to the Tatars.
There is a legend that the Tatars carried with them the rhizome of the calamus as a means that disinfects water. It even stuck in the name of the plant, which is also known as the “Tatar Potion”. The official name Acoruc is derived from the Greek phrase with the meaning «plant with a fragrant root.» And it is the rhizome of calamus has many healing properties. Interestingly, in a foreign land the plant is not pollinated, since only in its homeland there are insects that are able to do it. In other countries, calamus does not form fruits and reproduces by means of the root, that is, vegetatively.
The plant grows in the marshes, the banks of reservoirs, loves wet and wetlands, as evidenced by its name. For a long time, the calamus calamus was used for various rituals. Its roots were dried and used for incense for religious purposes. Also made from it incense and healing ointment. The Tatars learned how to use the antibacterial properties of a plant to purify water. To do this, they planted rhizomes, which brought with them to nearby reservoirs.
Ayr was used by the physicians of ancient Greece and Rome, and Finnish merchants brought them valuable raw materials. In Europe, the first dried calamus root appeared in the 16th century. One Italian doctor bought it from the German ambassador. Vienna botanist Clausis first raised calamus from pieces of rhizomes. He distributed a marvelous plant to most of the botanical gardens of Europe, after which calamus began to be found in many countries. Additional information on this plant is in the video below.
For medicinal purposes, the calf root calamus is harvested. It is reddish on the outside and white inside the process about the thickness of a human finger (see photo). The root consists of many knees and has a very pleasant aroma. Harvest this part of the plant in early spring or autumn. At this time, the water level in the reservoirs decreases, so the rhizome can be effortlessly pulled out of the sludge.
To begin with, the root is dried a little outdoors, and then harvested. For this, the roots are carefully cleaned, cut into slices and dried in special dryers. The bark is also not thrown away, but thinly cut and dried in a cool room. To dry the plant should be at a temperature not higher than 30 degrees, since as a result of exposure to high temperatures, essential oils and other biologically active substances are destroyed. Leaves of grass are harvested in July and August. Dried raw materials should break easily in the hands, which indicates its readiness. Store it in paper bags up to 3 years.
Cultivation of calamus is possible both in open ground conditions and in the room. Having decided to cultivate this plant, one should thoroughly study the specifics of planting and care. This is what this section of the article will be about.
In the open ground
- soil requirements: peat with clay or silt;
- location: near water or in a shallow pond;
- planting depth: 20 cm for swamp calamus and not more than 10 cm for grass-like.
frequent and plentiful.
spend once a year, better in spring. Needs pruning of old plants that have not suffered frost. Dry shoots are combed out with a device for collecting fallen leaves.
In room conditions
- soil requirements: a mixture of peat with clay, river sludge and sod, or hydroponics;
- location: shady place with constant temperature;
- depth of landing: minimum.
frequent and plentiful, needs spraying.
Replanting and reproduction of plants carried out by dividing the maternal rhizomes. To do this, it is carefully disassembled into delenki, in which the kidney must be clearly defined. Planting should be done so that the rhizome pieces are laid horizontally. So they will form a good escape and a healthy root.
Plants in open ground should be protected from severe frosts. For the winter, calamus can be hidden in the basement or stored in a dwelling, but there it is necessary for it to ensure proper conditions.
Medicinal properties of calamus swamp due to its composition. The rhizome of the plant is rich in essential oils, bitters, alkaloids, starch, resin. Contains tannins, choline, vitamins.
Calamus essential oil is produced on an industrial scale. It is a viscous dark liquid with a characteristic aroma. The unpleasant smell of oil is recommended to be combined with other essential oils, thus obtaining an equally useful oil composition. Complementary oils are patchouli, lavender, cedar, frankincense, cinnamon, all citrus oils. Essential oil used in aromatherapy as an antiseptic. It is well proven in the treatment of periodontal disease and inflammation of the oral mucosa. Air has a positive effect on mental balance, will be used to treat hysteria, apathy. In gynecology, oil is used for douching, as well as for problem menstruation and menopause.
Calamus essential oil is great for hair and skin care. When applied to the skin, the oil has an irritating effect, which has a beneficial effect on hair growth and also strengthens them well. Oil perfectly heals, which allows its use for the treatment of wounds, cracks, purulent ulcers. Air is indicated for the care of sensitive skin: it relieves irritation, has antibacterial properties. To strengthen the hair they should be rinsed with a decoction of this plant. The decoction can be taken orally with lichen, while wiping the affected areas with it.
The healing properties of this amazing plant will help to return the male power. To do this, 100 grams of root insist on vodka for several weeks in a dark place. The finished product take 30 ml 3 times a day. This tincture with proper use will definitely help cure impotence.
In cooking, calamus is known as a flavoring seasoning. Its aroma resembles the smell of rose, citrus, and it tastes tart. This plant is used in the preparation of canned fish, sweets, in the alcoholic beverage industry.
When making sweets, calamus root is often used in candied form. It replaces expensive spices, such as nutmeg, cinnamon. Candied rhizome can be prepared at home. To do this, you need to peel and chop the calamus root into small pieces and boil it in sugar syrup, then dry and put it in a jar, pouring sugar. In this form, calamus is added to puddings, pastries, and cookies. The aroma of this plant is perfectly combined with fruit drinks, jelly, compotes, juices. The obtained candied fruits are served as a separate dish for tea or used to decorate dessert dishes. Dried root is a traditional spice for Indian and Islamic cuisine.
As an original delicacy, jam is prepared from this plant. Root dig up and soaked in cold water for 3 days. This water needs to be changed every day. Next, the rhizomes are cleaned and left in the water for another night. In the morning, the rhizome is boiled several times, while constantly changing the water in order to leave bitterness. Then the root is placed in a container with cold water. After boiling it a second time, the root is left in cold water until the morning, changing the water from time to time. After that, the calamus is cut into small pieces and filled with water, changing it as often as possible until all the bitterness is gone. Root gently moved to a napkin so that it absorbs all the moisture. Next, prepare a syrup of 800 grams of sugar and a glass of water. In the boiled syrup add calamus and boil it over low heat, making sure that the jam does not burn. After the syrup thickens, calamus is put on the dish and sprinkled with sugar. When the root has cooled, it will be possible to shift the jam into a glass jar.
When cooking hot dishes, crushed rhizome is added a few minutes until cooked. In soups and main courses, calamus can be used instead of bay leaf, ginger. Especially well dried calamus is combined with meat dishes. Fried meat with the addition of rhizomes is obtained simply unmatched. Fish dishes Air gives the original spicy aroma and light bitterness.
Some housewives also use the leaves of the plant, adding them to fresh salads, which become from this even more vitamin.
The benefits of plants known folk medicine. In China, it is used as a tonic and antipyretic.
Air has a positive effect on the condition of a person suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Broths reduce flatulence in the intestines, help digestion. Often this plant is part of the herbal to normalize digestion. Broth gently relieves intestinal colic — paroxysmal pain in the intestine. It also helps to improve liver function, the removal of bile, which is indicated in diseases of the gallbladder and liver. Based on the calamus of the swamp, the pharmaceutical industry produces a number of drugs that are intended for the treatment of gastritis, ulcers, as well as kidney and gallstone disease.
When applied externally, the plant is effective with toothache, as well as inflammation of the oral cavity and larynx. Calamus extract is often added to toothpastes, because it helps to fight bad breath and takes good care of the gums. The powder is used to powder the wounds for their speedy healing. It is also effective for toothache, for treating colds. Pieces of calamus rhizome chewed up with scurvy. The plant protects tooth enamel from destruction and strengthens the gums. Also, calamus is an ancient means of getting rid of tobacco addiction. A person who wants to quit smoking should chew on pieces of the rhizomes of this plant: they increase the gag reflex, which helps in the fight against this harmful habit.
Harm to the plant can bring the body with individual intolerance, a contraindication to the use of appropriate. Contraindications for the use of calamus calamus inside the doctors include the following human conditions and diseases:
- pregnancy and breastfeeding;
- disruption of the digestive system;
- gastritis with high acidity;
- aggravation of peptic ulcer disease;
- poor blood clotting;
- renal failure;
- low blood pressure as well as dystonia;
- individual intolerance.
Overdose or disregard of contraindications can harm the human body. The first signs that indicate the need to exclude calamus are indigestion and the accompanying heaviness in the stomach, nausea, and loose stools. In severe cases, severe bleeding from the nose and bronchospasm may occur. If you experience these symptoms, you should seek medical attention..
If the use of the drug on the basis of calamus is made in the form of compresses and rubbing, then the only condition for the need for urgent cancellation can be called allergic manifestations that have arisen during the use of funds, which are characterized by a rash and redness at the site of application.