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Actinidia — a description of useful properties; varieties and their photos; cultivation (planting and care)

Calorie content: 47 kcal.

Energy value of the product Actinidia:
Proteins: 0.8 g.
Fat: 4 years
Carbohydrates: 8.1 g.

Actinidia — Actinidium plant family. In addition, there is another popular name «kiwi». The homeland of this fruit is considered to be Western and Central China. Oblong fruits on top are covered with a light down. Inside there is a soft and soft flesh of green or yellow color. There are several small black seeds inside. In the context of the fruit is very similar to kiwi (see photo).

The variety of useful properties of actinidia due to its rich vitamin-mineral content. So, it contains a large amount of ascorbic acid, which strengthens the immune system, which makes it much more effective to resist the effects of viruses and infections. There is in the composition of the fruit and potassium, which a positive effect on the functioning of the cardiovascular system. This reduces the risk of heart attacks, strokes and other similar problems. Actinidia is useful for vitamin deficiency, iodine deficiency and hypertension.

The composition of actinidia includes fiber, which has a positive effect on the state of the intestine, and also it improves its motility. With regular consumption, you can get rid of constipation or prevent their occurrence. There is in this fruit and carotene, which positive effect on vision. Fruits help improve metabolic processes and help with vitamin deficiency.

Due to the content of enzymes, actinidia stimulates digestion, helps to get rid of belching, heartburn, indigestion and the severity of the stomach. Given this, the fruit is recommended to use for easy digestion of heavy products, as well as fruits have a mild laxative effect.

Actinidia is used in cooking not only fresh, but also in processed form. Fruits can also be frozen and dried to be able to use them at any time of the year. They can also be dried and even marinated. Different drinks are made from this fruit: juice, compote, jelly, etc. In addition, actinidia is perfect for jam, jam, syrup, jelly, marshmallow and marmalade.

The benefits of actinidia are widely used in traditional medicine recipes. For the treatment of many diseases not only fruits are used, but also leaves, flowers and rhizomes. Actinidia helps in the treatment of whooping cough, anemia of constipation, worms and bronchitis. In addition, the plant is recommended to be used for problems with the lungs, rheumatism, paralysis, as well as during the period of stomach ailments, that is, it has rich healing properties.

Broths of actinidia help with caries. In the bark of the plant there are tannins and cardiac glycosides, which improve the condition with severe dizziness and headaches. Broths prepared on its basis, have a calming, analgesic and hemostatic effect. In addition, the broth has expectorant and tonic properties.

Broths made on the basis of fruits are considered indispensable for fever and for quick quenching of thirst. Infusion of leaflets will help get rid of the symptoms of angina and rheumatism. If the infusion is prepared from the fruit, then it will have a tonic effect and it is useful to use it in violation of cerebral circulation. Infusion based on rhizomes is recommended to use during the treatment of stomatitis and gum disease.

p style = «text-align: justify;»> Fruit juice helps to improve the appetite and strengthen the immune system. In addition, the peel of the fruit and juice have a wound healing and regenerating effect. Given this, lotions based on them will help in wound healing and in wet eczema.

Harm to actinidia can bring people with individual intolerance to the product. Refusing to use the plant is when thrombophlebitis, varicose veins and increased blood clotting. The presence of at least one of these diseases is a contraindication to the use of fruits. It is also worth controlling the amount of fruit eaten, as in the case of overeating, you can cause an eating disorder.

There are a myriad of varieties of actinidia, but we will tell about them a little later. First, let us touch on the issue of types of actinidia. So, these are the three most popular types of actinidia: actinidia argouta, actinidia colomicta and actinidia polygamous. Consider each of them in more detail.

As for the first species, namely actinidia argut, then it rightfully occupies a leading position in size. So in height such actinidia can reach thirty meters. The thickness of the trunk varies from ten to twenty centimeters. This giant, as a rule, braids near growing trees, and therefore looks like huge ropes. Arguta spreads from one tree to another and thus provides plantations with a rather spectacular and exotic appearance.

The fruits of actinidia argut are also the largest among all other species, which, however, is not surprising. They are painted in dark green. The berries are quite fleshy and juicy. In their mature form, their taste becomes sweet. As for the flavor of the fruit, it is somewhat reminiscent of pineapple.

Actinidia colomicta — this is exactly the type of plant that is most often grown on the territory of Russia, because it has the greatest frost resistance. So she is able to survive the winters, the temperature of which does not fall below -45 degrees.

The peculiarity of actinidia colomikta is that during the flowering period it exudes a very pleasant aroma. As for the fruits, they look like elongated berries about 1.8 cm long. The berries of such actinidia are painted in dark green color, and they also have dark stripes. The taste of these fruits is very pleasant and delicate. And, of course, they are endowed with a wonderful aroma.

It remains only to get acquainted with actinidia polygamous. Outwardly, it is very similar to Actinidia Colomikta, only in size it is slightly smaller. Its height, as a rule, does not exceed five meters. Branches and winds polygamous actinidia weakly. As for the fruits of this plant, they are very similar in shape to the fruits of colomicas, except that their tip is pointed and somewhat bent. The berries are painted in a light orange color, and when fully ripe they become uniform orange in color. The taste of them in an immature state is very hot and spicy, but when ripe, it becomes sweet.

As for the varieties of actinidia, then, as we mentioned earlier, there are quite a large number of them, and therefore it will not be possible to list and characterize all of them within one article. But still, we will tell you about the best varieties for cultivation on the territory of Belarus, Russia (its middle zone, including Moscow region), Ukraine.

So, since actinidia colomikta has the highest resistance to frost, it is her varieties that are grown in the post-Soviet space. In addition, it is worth noting that the whole variety of fruits of this species has a record content of ascorbic acid in its composition. So, even two berries will be enough to cover the daily dose of vitamin C.

We list the most popular varieties of actinidia kolomikta, and also give their brief characteristic in the table, which follows.

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