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Conscious and unconscious in psychology

Consciousness and subconscious: the value in human life

Have you ever been unable to explain the reasons for your actions and desires? Or suppose you made one decision, but at the last moment did it differently? What controls a person at such moments?

People have a mind, but it seems that they are not always able to control it. The thing is that apart from consciousness, we have an area of ​​the unconscious that affects our life, but we are not aware of it.

Through consciousness, the phenomena of the surrounding world are reflected in the human psyche. The area of ​​the conscious includes all knowledge of reality.

Conscious and unconscious in psychology

Consciousness enables a person to conduct purposeful activity.

Conscious thinking processes are characterized by the following features:

  • Forethought.
  • Controllability.
  • Seriality.
  • Accessibility to understand.

Being conscious means doing what you are going to do and choose the ways in which you will do this, given the circumstances and your position.

With the help of conscious processes, a person receives knowledge. The structure of consciousness includes the following cognitive processes:

  • Thinking. It allows you to solve emerging issues with the help of knowledge and experience.
  • Memory. Keeps the images of the past, the accumulated experience, allows you to access them.
  • Imagination. Allows you to build completely new images, invent new ideas.
  • Sensations. Responsible for obtaining information about the world through the senses.
  • Perception. This is how we ourselves perceive the surrounding reality, our attitude towards it.

The presence of consciousness distinguishes man from other living beings. Many experiments have been conducted to determine if animals are conscious.

But as a result, it was found that they are not aware of themselves, but are performing actions in response to external stimuli.

The manifestation of consciousness is the presence of language, which reflects the socio-historical experience.

Self-knowledge can be called one of the highest forms of manifestation of the conscious. This is the ability to direct mental processes to the study of himself.

A person can consciously compare and oppose himself to the world around him, that is, find similarities and differences.

Education and training of people occurs through consciousness.

However, not all processes can be realized and controlled by a person.


Before, the human psyche was identified with consciousness. The first Sigmund Freud pointed out the great importance of the unconscious in human life and began his study.

Later on, Jung and Assagioli expanded the view of this area. The study of the field of the unconscious is still going on, and scientists receive all the new interesting information.

Conscious and unconscious in psychology

Unconscious processes are those that a person does not realize, but they affect his judgments, behavior, and feelings.

In the human psyche, consciousness is only the tip of the iceberg, and the unconscious is all its invisible part.

Unconscious is also called the subconscious.

It should be noted that the conscious and subconscious are inextricably linked. Images and ideas can move from one area to another.

So the skills, worked out to automatism, are no longer recognized by us and are transferred into the area of ​​the unconscious. Rules of behavior, words heard from parents and caregivers in childhood can develop into subconscious fears and attitudes that a person will not be aware of, but they will control his behavior.

Unconscious mental phenomena

Freud attributed to the unconscious qualities, the interests and desires of the individual, which are not realized, but manifest in involuntary actions and mental phenomena. Consider some of them:

  • Freud paid much attention to dreams. With the help of psychoanalysis, the founder of which he is, Freud tried to decipher the meanings hidden in dreams.
  • For involuntary actions include errors and reservations. Freud noted that they are often not accidental, but testify to the secret desires and states of man. Mistakes often occur when there is a contradiction between the hidden motive and the goal; this is the result of the opposition of the unconscious to consciousness. The humorous phrase “clause on Freud” just emphasizes that what a person says is not an accident, but a consequence of his mental work.
  • Another manifestation of the unconscious is forgetting. The person really does not want to memorize something, so he constantly forgets it. Sometimes forgetting is connected with the fact that a person is in a difficult life situation and this “forgetfulness” is designed to save his psyche from overload.
  • Fantasies, dreams, dreams. People usually take them not seriously enough, but there may be hidden true desires and intentions.

Unconscious affects all actions, conditions, feelings of a person. People have unconscious thinking, unconscious memory, unconscious sensations and perceptions, etc.

Unconscious phenomena include the following types:

  • Habitual actions. Since we learned to walk, we no longer need to think about how to take a step. We rearrange the legs unconsciously. We also unconsciously pronounce sounds and put them into words. At the same time, speech itself is a conscious phenomenon. It happens that the action itself belongs to the conscious action, and its components are not realized.
  • Accompanying actions. When observing a person, you can see that he sticks out his tongue while drawing, banging his fingers on the table at the moment of waiting, or performs other actions that he is not aware of.
  • Unknowable installation. We have instincts that make us react to external stimuli in a certain way. For example, the “hit or run” installation helped people to survive, when in case of danger a person dived off and ran away, or fought with the enemy.
  • Pathological conditions in the psyche. Some diseases are accompanied by hallucinations and delusions, which occur unconsciously.


Currently, there are many practices aimed at achieving a person of greater awareness. This allows you to take control of your life and achieve excellent results.

In addition, awareness helps to achieve inner harmony and find its place in the world.

We are often not aware of our true desires, but are guided by generally accepted stereotypes. Everyone has a belief imposed by society or close people on how to act correctly, and what is wrong and shameful.

Therefore, we often do not want to admit even to ourselves in our thoughts and aspirations. However, the non-acceptance of oneself leads to internal discomfort, dissatisfaction, and makes it difficult to achieve results, because in reality we want something completely different.

Conscious and unconscious in psychology

Practitioners of awareness help to understand oneself, to unravel a tangle of emotions and feelings, to put everything in its place. You must be honest with yourself and admit to yourself your shortcomings.

Awareness of the problem is the first step towards its solution.

Understanding the underlying causes that lead to unconscious actions, help to take them under control.

Some researchers say that we spend most of our lives unconsciously, in the sense that we act out of habit, constantly thinking about the past or fantasizing about the future. However, a conscious attitude towards the present is a guarantee of efficiency and effectiveness of actions.

With the help of the practice of awareness, you can get rid of bad habits. The action, in fact, is to pull the phenomenon from the unconscious to the conscious and work it out.

Or, on the contrary, new patterns of behavior are sent to the unconscious to replace the old ones.

Practices of awareness may include meditation, autogenic training, work with a psychologist, and others.

Main conclusions

  • Consciousness allows us to receive and accumulate information about the world and conduct purposeful activities.
  • The area of ​​the unconscious is made up of phenomena and actions that a person does not realize, but they constantly influence his state, behavior, and emotions.
  • Consciousness and subconsciousness are closely interrelated.
  • Practices of mindfulness help one to accept oneself and take one’s life under control, getting rid of the inner contradiction between the conscious and the subconscious.

Guess today with the help of the tarot spread "Day map"!

For proper divination: focus on the subconscious and do not think about anything at least 1-2 minutes.

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