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What is it — Beaujolais Nouveau?

It was with these words that Alice Postic, the heroine of the “New Year’s” film “Look for a Woman,” offered wine to Commissar Granden.

The events of the film fell on the eve of Christmas, therefore, it is likely that it was about Beaujolais Nouveau.

Beaujolais wines are produced in the Burgundy region of the same name from the grapes of the game variety (full name is gamay noir à jus blanc, “game black with white juice”).

Moreover, the term «Beaujolais» refers to the «serious» wines with a complex taste (the so-called Cru de Beaujolais), and simple, but fantastically popular Beaujolais nouveau.

Beaujolais nouveau produced by the method of «carbonic (carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide, carbon) maceration.»

Collected grapes are not pressed, and the whole — along with the ridges — is placed for five days in small vats. Maceration occurs — fermentation inside intact berries as a result of contact of the juice with the skin.

After five days, fermented grapes are pressed, after which the fermentation continues.

About a month later, the young wine “Beaujole Nouveau” — Beaujolais Nouveau — is ready.

It turns out saturated color, fresh, lively and bright, not too tart, with a bright fruity aroma and «explosive» taste.

The feast of young Beaujolais — the day when this wine appears in the menu of restaurants and on store shelves — is celebrated around the world on the third Thursday of November. And in the homeland of the famous drink, in the town of Bozho, the first bottle is opened exactly at midnight — after the twelfth strike of the bell of the church of St. Nicholas.

A week before the holiday, bright posters with the inscription are hung out in cafes and restaurants. “Le Beaujolais Nouveau est arrivé!” (“Beaujolais Nouveau has arrived!”).

The appearance of this holiday is associated with a number of events and facts.

Gamet is a fast-ripening grape variety, therefore, in Beaujolais, grapes are harvested earlier than in other wine-producing areas of France.

That is why since the XIX century, winemakers of Beaujolais launched a noisy advertising campaign for the sale of the “first” (according to the time of sale, of course) wine of France, which immediately brought them considerable benefit.

However, March 11, 1951 at the state level, it was decided on the timing of the implementation of the new crop wines. From now on throughout France, the young wine could be sold no earlier than November 15th. The winemakers of Beaujolais were indignant and demanded that they be given the right to supply their wines to the market regardless of the date set, pointing out that their wines are ready for use earlier.

This opportunity was given to them.

The first years of the day the appearance of young beaujolais on the shelves of shops and bar counters was different.

For example, in 1952 it happened on November 3, in 1953 — on November 1.

In 1967, the exact date of commencement of the sale of Beaujolais Nouveau (at midnight on November 15) was legally established again.

And it was observed up to 1985, with the only exception: in 1977, when, due to climatic conditions, the grapes were harvested very late, the feast of the Baugaule Nouveau fell on November 25th.

In 1985, for the convenience of winemakers, it was decided to postpone the sale of Beaujolais Nouveau to the third Thursday of November.

Beaujolais nouveau can not stand.

Exposure not only does not improve the Beaujolais nouveau, on the contrary, with age it becomes worse, so it is better to drink it before Christmas and certainly not later than Easter next year.

Serve Beaujolais Nouveau should be cooled to 12-14ºC.

A variety of dishes are suitable for it, but the French prefer meat, snacks and cheeses most of all — it’s better than local production, for example, goat cabrion or non-sharp seshon.

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