The secrets of choosing glasses and wine etiquette reveals Yevgeny Osipov, director of hotel restaurants "Marriott Royal Aurora": — Any alcoholic drink requires special dishes.
Even the best wine poured into a container that is not suitable for it loses its harmony. A regular glass, on the contrary, emphasizes the aroma and taste of the drink.
Usually, wine glasses have a standard volume (190-230 ml for white wine, a little more, 240-255 ml, for red) and a shape resembling a tulip bud: the bowl of the glass is wide below, slightly tapering to the top edge, which prevents thin the aroma of wine.
At the same time, the cup of a glass for white wine is notable for its special shape, it is more extended upwards. Red wine loves "breathe"therefore, wider glasses are used for it, "pot-bellied".
Filling such a glass should not top to bottom, but only a third. For a rich and elegant fruit taste of Bordeaux type wines, Rioja a slightly elongated, egg-shaped glass is adopted. Red wine type Bourgogne, Barolo prefers spacious, rounded glasses.
For tart wines — malaga, sherry — choose glasses of a very simple, almost straight shape.
For champagne, there are two types of containers that are not at all alike: flute is a tall and thin glass with a long stem about 180 ml in size and ice-cream with a very wide bowl of 120-270 ml. Kremanku often used to create a pyramid of glasses. But in any case, a glass with a long stem should be served to the champagne so that the hand does not touch the bowl and does not warm it — they drink the champagne chilled.
The shape of this glass allows you to see the game of bubbles and enjoy this noble drink. And the narrow neck does not allow the picturesque frothy hat to disappear too quickly.
When serving, especially dry champagne, glasses should be filled no more than half to reveal the taste and aroma of the drink.
1. A glass for liquor. 2. A glass for whiskey.
3. A glass for grappa.
4. A beer glass.
5. Liquor glass.
The volume and shape of the glass can be calculated so that they will exactly match the bouquet of a particular grape variety. The lightest and delicate flavors — the smells of fruits and flowers — rise to the edges of the glasses.
The middle is usually filled with green plant flavors.
The heaviest odors remain at the bottom.
Often the wine is shaken or washed around the inner surface of the glass, which increases the evaporation area, and with it the intensity of aromas.
The approach to beer has also changed. Nowadays, a tall beer glass and a stem in the shape of a tulip are used all over the world together with a traditional mug.
All types of beer tanks are suitable for this drink equally. The choice is due to individual taste.
Now for more strong drinks. The traditional vodka glass has become more elegant — the glass shrinks to the middle and then expands upwards. But strong straight stacks are also relevant.
Liquor glass of small volume (30-60 ml) is called a pony and is served to drink liquors in its pure form. It looks like a white wine glass, only smaller in size.
Whiskey — both with ice and in its pure form — they drink from low ones, "chunky" glasses "old fashion" (literally — "old fashioned"). The thick bottom of the glass allows you to maintain the required temperature of the drink.
In the same glass you can serve liqueurs and cocktails based on them.
6. Martini glass. 7. Red wine glass. (cabernet sauvignon, merlot, barbaresco). 8. A glass for brandy, cognac.
9. A glass for white and fortified wine (Tokay, Riesling).
A small glass in the shape of a tulip is recommended for V.S.O.P. Cognac, young Armagnacs, brandy, calvados, rum.
Its shape and size emphasize the subtle aromas of caramel and fruit and soften the burning strength of alcohol.
XO cognacs and mature Armagnacs should be served in small volumes, with a rounded base of the bowl and a narrow neck-top.
Cognac is poured by one third, to the widest part of the glass, so that all the aroma is concentrated at the narrow neck. The glass should be warmed with a palm.
Juices, carbonated and soft drinks, as well as mineral water should be served in a collins — a glass with a volume of 300 to 420 ml, usually slightly expanding upwards.
Or in a strictly cylindrical highball, with a volume of about 240 ml. A rather interesting shape with a glass for Irish coffee is a tall, straight cup on a leg with a small handle.
It serves other hot drinks.
10. A glass of ice-cream bowl for champagne.
11. Champagne glass. 12. Glass for fortified and red wine (Tokay, Barsak).
13. White wine glass (chardonnay, sauvignon).
And finally — a few tips for beginners epicureans. Always take the wine glass by the foot.
Excess heat will interfere with the wine to give off the aroma, and you — to fully enjoy its playing shades.
If you do not have the opportunity to change the glasses for red wine after serving white wine, rinse the containers with mineral water.
Never pour white and red wine in the same glass.
Pay attention to the color of the surface of the wine poured into a glass. If the surface of the wine is painted in warm colors (yellow, orange, gold), then this wine is aged.
If the tones are cold (blue, green, steel) — young. Do not store glasses near tea, coffee and herbs. Any extraneous fragrance will leave its mark on the glass, and therefore on the drink.
After the glass is washed, be sure to wipe it with a dry towel. Then there will be no smudges on the glass. If you dine in a restaurant where different wines are served during the meal, do not be surprised to see a whole range of glasses in front of you.
The usual sequence is from right to left.
Psychologists say that not only the taste of the drink, but also the mood of a person depends on the right glass. Transparent glasses cause a feeling of purity, lightness and openness. They are good for gift, especially in conflict situations, when you intend to cause location and trust.
Glasses made of colored glass should not be given to people who are too sensitive, and glasses with a picture suit people who are laughing.