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The constellation of small cities of Russia: where to go and what to bring

The constellation of small cities of Russia: where to go and what to bring

Representatives of 14 cities gathered in Suzdal in June this year. Festival of small tourist cities.

And they did not come empty-handed — they brought their gastronomic souvenirs. Remember everyone in the «face» and do not chase the magnets!

Bring home for yourself and friends, for example, gingerbread, “fly” and cucumber jam from the journey across the expanses of the Motherland.

Officially founded in 1067 and is considered the oldest city of the Rostov region. The environs of the city are a combination of typical landscapes of the southern Russian steppe, seaside areas and protected areas.

It attracts lovers of tourism, hunting and fishing to Azov.

Annually on the first Saturday of August International Festival of Military Historic Clubs, dedicated to the Azov siege seat of the Don Cossacks of 1641.

The festival takes place on the authentic site of this historic event at the walls of the Azov fortress and represents the reconstruction of the battle between the Cossacks and the Turkish army.

Azov

Edible souvenirs: oriental pastry (halva, kozinaki, Turkish delight) Azov confectionary factory LLC, dry and dessert wines of the Cantina winery, crayfish, dried and dried fish.

Gastronomic souvenirs from Azov

It was first mentioned in the Spiritual Charter of the Grand Duke Ivan II the Red in 1358. The city is located in one of the most beautiful parts of the Moscow region, on the banks of the River Protva, which divides the city into two parts.

The dense forests surrounding the ancient city gave it a name.

The old part of the city is located on a high and level place on the right bank of the river Protva.

The city is recognized as the unofficial capital of the Old Believers.

Here he lived and worked for 12 years. Tsiolkovsky.

On the street Tsiolkovsky, 49 works his museum apartment.

Borovsk

Edible souvenirs: painted gingerbreads of JSC Kolos, fermented Ivan-tea, sublimated berries and dragee in chocolate of TD Mazurin.

Gastronomic souvenirs from Borovsk

Founded in 1168 by Prince Andrei Bogolyubsky, the city stands on the right bank of the Klyazma River, 18 km from its confluence with the Oka. Many surrounding beauty can be seen from Bald Mountain.

This is the territory of the coastal reserve and a monument of archeology of federal significance, the fort of the Finno-Ugric tribe Merya.

The historical center of Gorokhovets is mainly built up with wooden and brick houses of the manor type. Preserved partially rebuilt stone two-story merchant houses of the second half of the XVII century.

Edible souvenirs: printed gingerbread.

Gastronomic souvenirs from Gorokhovets

One of the oldest settlements of Tatarstan with a 1000-year history. In 1552, Yelabuga, as part of the Kazan Khanate, was annexed to the Russian State.

This is a vivid example of the close connection of two cultures: Slavic and Tatar.

A Russian painter, I. I. Shishkin, was born here and often visited.

Many of his paintings are painted from life and based on local landscapes.

In Yelabuga there is a museum-estate of the first Russian woman officer N.A.

Durova (free prototype of Shurochka Azarova from the movie “Hussar Ballad”) and the Marina Tsvetaeva Museum.

The city has preserved a significant number of monuments of church and civil architecture of the XVIII-XIX centuries.

The total area of ​​the protected zone of the historic part of the city is 490 hectares.

In Yelabuga at the very beginning of August (from 4 to 6 August this year) the All-Russian Spasskaya Fair takes place.

In 2017 — X anniversary.

Yelabuga

Edible souvenirs: chak-chak, TM “Makheev” jams, Elabuzhskaya canned meat (halal canned food) of “Yelabuzhsky meat-canning factory”, Elabuzhsky printed gingerbread with stuffing.

In the Museum-theater «Traktir» of the Elabuga State Museum-Reserve a glass with a capacity of 15 ml, the so-called «Elabuzhskaya fly», is exhibited.

Now this item can be not only seen in the museum’s exposition, but also buy as a keepsake.

Gastronomic souvenirs from Elabuga

First mentioned in the Nikon chronicle in 1146. Emerged on the outskirts of the Slavic lands, the city served for several centuries the honorable and difficult role of defender of the Russian state.

The name of the city comes from the Russian dialect and literally means «oak or spruce woods, thickets, grove.» In the second half of IXX — the beginning of the 20th century, it was a major center of trade in bread and cloth.

He was famous for the production of leather, tobacco products, manufacturing Yelets lace.

The central part of Yelets retains its appearance, which was formed according to the general plans of 1770 and 1827.

Dwelling houses and city estates of the 18th — first half of the 19th centuries, the building of the tobacco factory and the Ascension Cathedral.

Dace

Edible souvenirs: a drink «Yasenok» on herbal decoction (St. John’s wort, sweet clover and chamomile), cider and beer, including those with bottles in the bottle of Yeletskoe Beer LLC, painted gingerbread of different shapes and configurations, up to boxes, painted with icing in style Yelets lace, TM TM «Elets souvenir.»

Gastronomic souvenirs from Yelets

1146 is considered to be the date of foundation of Kargopol.

As the city is mentioned from the XIV century.

The starting word for the city name could be “bear field” (from the Finnish karhu “bear”, peldo “field”).

One of the few ancient northern cities that has preserved the ensemble character of architectural monuments, the planning elements of a medieval Russian city.

The city is picturesquely spread out on the left bank of the Onega River by a network of short streets, built up with low, mostly wooden houses, over which white-stone churches rise.

The unique monuments of the Russian white-stone architecture of the XVI — early XIX centuries form the urban landscape.

Kargopol

Edible souvenirs: painted gingerbread cookies.

Gastronomic souvenirs from Kargopol

One of the oldest historical centers of the Perm region. It was founded on the Kungurka River in 1648. In 1662 it was burned by the Bashkirs. In 1663, it was moved to a modern place and rebuilt as a fortress.

The main state roads connecting Central Russia with Siberia passed through Kungur.

In the middle of the XIX century. Kungur received the title «Tea Capital of Russia».

On the outskirts of Kungur, on the right bank of the Sylva River, there is a unique natural monument — the Kungur Ice Cave.

The total length is 5.6 km, 58 grottoes and about 60 lakes are hidden in the cave. It belongs to the oldest sightseeing caves in the world, an active visit to which began in the early twentieth century.

Edible souvenirs: Vyazovsky printed gingerbread.

Gastronomic souvenirs from Kungur

From the second half of the 16th century, it is known in the composition of the specific Yuhotsky principality. At the end of the 18th century, the village of Myshkino was transformed into the county town of Myshkin, Yaroslavl Province.

Since the XIX century — a significant center for the wholesale trade in oils, eggs, fabrics and bread.

A peculiar city-museum on the Volga, which has preserved the special provincial way of life and the old buildings of the merchant city, including 16 traditional city buildings: houses, barns, forges, baths.

Myshkin

Gastronomic souvenirs: local liqueurs and tinctures, small chocolate bars in the original packaging (a la piece of cheese) «Myshkina Joy», painted gingerbread on sticks.

Gastronomic souvenirs from Myshkin

Known as a city from the X century. It was first mentioned in the Laurentian Chronicle of 1024 as Suzhdal, for the first time as a fortress city — in 1096.

The only museum town in Russia. On an area of ​​15 square meters. km preserved over 100 monuments of Russian architecture XIII-XIX centuries. In the central part and on the outskirts of Suzdal, there are ensembles of 4 monasteries.

The city is dominated by stone and wooden houses of the XVIII-XIX centuries.

Many monuments and all museums of Suzdal are part of the Vladimir-Suzdal Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve.

In the 50-80s of the last century, extensive restoration work was carried out in Suzdal.

Restoration work does not stop today.

Suzdal

Gastronomic souvenirs: cucumber jam, tinctures and liqueurs.

In the framework of the festival was held competition for the title of the best gastronomic souvenirs.

Suzdal won.

Local souvenirs are original, the packaging and shelf life allow them to be transported over long distances and the cost of keepsakes is quite reasonable.

Gastronomic souvenirs from Suzdal

It was founded in 1587 by a Cossack detachment, where on October 23, 1582 a decisive battle took place between the detachment of Yermak and the army of the Tatar Khan Kuchum.

The city is famous for its historical and architectural muse-reserve, the only seminary in Siberia, the local history museum — one of the largest in the region, Decembrist memorial houses: A.N. Muravyova, P.N.

Svistunova, M.A. Fonvizin.

The scientist-chemist D.I. was born here. Mendeleev, composer A.A.

Alyabyev, artist VG

Perov.

Tobolsk

Gastronomic souvenirs: printed gingerbread, lollipops from Frost-Voevoda, chocolates with photos of the city’s attractions, “Soulful tea” made from local herbs.

Gastronomic souvenirs from Tobolsk

Founded in 937 on the steep bank of the Volga.

The city combined the history of two dynasties of the Russian kings: at the end of the 16th century, Tsarevich Dmitry, the last Rurikovich and the son of Ivan the Terrible, died here, and the noblewoman Xenia Shestova, the mother of the first Tsar of the Romanovs Michael, was born and grew up here.

The layout of the city center is consistent with the 1784 regular development plan. The Kremlin is located on the banks of the Volga.

On its territory is preserved the Church of Dmitry on the Blood (1692), the Transfiguration Cathedral (1713) and the bell tower (1730).

Uglich

Gastronomic souvenirs: printed and painted gingerbread.

Gastronomic souvenirs from Uglich

Igor Kechter, Vice-President of the Association of Small Tourist Cities: «An association is not a political organization. It was created to develop domestic tourism, support the old centers of the Russian provinces and represent their interests at the level of the federal government.

This is a union of cities with great tourist potential and cultural heritage. Yes, there are few such cities today — for such a big country.

There are only 13 plus candidates for entry — Yeniseisk from the Krasnoyarsk Territory.

But each city is subject to rigorous selection and must meet stringent conditions.

We do not pursue quality for the constellation of small cities.most important indicator.

Quality of preservation of attractions, the surrounding nature and quality of service«.

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