Strawberries and strawberries — these words refer to various types and varieties of berries, which are known both in the wild and due to numerous cultivated varieties.
Wild strawberry and Strawberry — these words call various types and varieties of berries, which is known both in the wild and due to the many cultivated varieties.
The debate about what exactly can be called strawberries, and what — strawberries, usually rests on the conclusion that strawberry can be called any «strawberry» and «strawberry», and Strawberry — This is just some kind of strawberry, but which one — about this idea of scientists and ordinary people already diverge.
- First, the word «strawberry» in the people has long been called berries half-houses or green strawberry(Fragaria viridis). This is due to the fact that the fruits of the plant are fleshy, spherical «tubers» (the old Russian word «club» means «spherical», «rounded»).
- Secondly, in science from the 18th century, “strawberries” are called strawberry nutmeg(Fragaria moschata).
- Thirdly, the people began to call berries strawberries in the XX century. strawberry (pineapple, large-fruited, Fragaria ananassa).
And what, then, is called strawberry, and what is strawberry?
Sheer confusion! Let’s do it in a simple way: Strawberry — this large-fruited berries, fleshy strawberry varieties.
In the end, it is these berries, seeing them on the market, we call it strawberries and definitely buy it!
Strawberries / strawberries grow in the forest and in the garden.
As a wild berry, it was known in ancient times to many peoples who used it for medicinal purposes as early as two thousand years before our era.
Great doctors and scientists Hippocrates, Galen, Pliny the Elder, Ibn Sina wrote about strawberries as a medicinal plant.
Cultivate wild strawberry (Fragaria viridis) — as a particularly valuable medicinal plant — in the XIV century the French, who considered it excellent, became aphrodisiac (this is true: zinc, which is contained in the seeds of this berry, helps to increase sexual desire in both men and women).
However, the taste of strawberries Europeans truly appreciated only in the XVIII century.
It happened like this. In 1714, a French officer, Captain Frezier, while in Chile, saw a strawberry plant, which struck him with its size and taste of berries.
It was the American equivalent of European wild strawberry — Chilean strawberries (Fragaria chiloensis). With great difficulty (the ship sailed to France for six months), he delivered several plants to France. Part of them he handed over to the botanical garden in Paris.
There on the neighboring beds were strawberries from the Pacific Coast (Chilean, Fragaria chiloensis) and from the shores of the Atlantic (virginian, Fragaria virginiana, imported to France from the Atlantic coast of North America). There was an accidental crossing of these two species, initially divided geographically.
The result exceeded all expectations: a new berry, named garden strawberry (Fragaria ananassa), eclipsed in the eyes of gardeners and cooks all the other types of strawberries known by that time.
The story of the emergence of strawberries and strawberries in Russia is unusual.
It all started with Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, who was an ardent lover of gardening. In the village of Izmailovo near Moscow, the tsar had a large garden, where cultures were unusual for then-Russian culture.
Aleksei Mikhailovich Trifon was the most famous gardener; the king could talk with him for hours, regardless of the boyars who were waiting to receive him. In the royal chambers gardener Trifon always came with goodies for children. Once, in the summer of 1678, Trifon once again came to the tsar’s call and treated little Peter Alekseevich (the future Peter the Great) to a large, sweet and fragrant strawberry.
Berry so liked and the prince, and the king himself, that the gardener was immediately ordered to regularly submit it to the royal table.
Already in the XVIII century, strawberries were grown in Russia almost everywhere.
And the most popular view, as in Europe, was garden, which not only ate fresh, but also subjected to culinary processing.
Strawberries are respected and honored around the world. For example, the beloved French strawberries — April gariguette, savory, but in its own way attractive: its appearance suggests that summer is coming.
They are very fond of strawberries in Belgium: in the city of Vepyon (Namur province) there is even Strawberry Museum, and the city itself is considered the unofficial European “capital” of this berry (the locals even eat this berry in a special way: first they sprinkle with lemon juice and then sprinkle with a pinch of white pepper).
In America, two cities spend strawberry festivals — PlantCity in Florida and Pasadena in Texas (not to be confused with the same Californian city!).
It is known that the strawberry became the symbol of Pasadena since 1900, when all the crops of local residents destroyed the hurricane and the vacated areas they sowed with strawberries, which quickly brought harvest and saved the inhabitants of the city from starvation.
It is believed that 10 kilograms of strawberries eaten during the summer season will strengthen your health like nothing else. And in fact: the immune system is strengthened, the metabolism is normalized, the cardiovascular system is protected more than ever.
Strawberries are good for gums, even protect against headaches, because they contain substances that are close to the composition of aspirin.
Do you know that 150 grams of strawberries drive away negative emotions?
Try to eat these seven berries — really drive off!
Strawberries are highly respected by cosmetologists.
First, a mask of fresh strawberries is the best remedy for age spots.
Secondly, it contains salicylic acid, which has an exfoliating effect.
Finally, strawberries contain copper, which stimulates the production of collagen, which keeps the skin elastic.
Rod wild strawberry includes:
- wild species (wild strawberry, plain strawberry, Eastern strawberries, wild strawberry — she half moon and meadow strawberry etc.);
- non-wild species (for example pineapple strawberry — Another contender for the name «strawberry»);
- species that exist in wild and cultural forms (for example, strawberry nutmeg or musky, she is garden strawberry, wild strawberry).
AT wild form in Russia there are three types of strawberries:
- Fragaria orientalis, Eastern strawberries;
- Fragaria vesca, wild strawberry;
- Fragaria viridis, wild strawberry, meadow, hilly, she is meadow strawberry, she is half moon.
The berries of all these wild species are small, weighing 1-3 grams.
They are not usually called strawberries.
Strawberry / strawberry cultivars known in our country are derived from strawberry pineapple (Fragaria ananassa), wild strawberry or alpine (Fragaria vesca), strawberry nutmeg or musky (Fragaria moschata) and strawberry green or half-houses (Fragaria viridis).
Many varieties are hybrids.
In the morning, strawberries and strawberries are good to eat with any dairy products — they combine perfectly.
In the afternoon — prepare one of a variety of savory dishes: strawberries are suitable for seafood and poultry, can make an ensemble with lettuce leaves, parmesan, cucumber and green onions, and season it with olive oil with a drop of vinegar, lemon juice and pine nuts — or mustard. .
For dinner, you can come up with even a chicken with strawberry-wine sauce, even berry paste (knead the dough on strawberry juice with flour, 2 eggs, a spoon of vegetable oil, salt, pepper and honey; roll thinly thinly and cut into wide strips; boil milk).
Or here’s another great combination: wild strawberries with black pepper, especially fried (instantly) in butter.
Who tried — do not forget.
Among the strawberry blanks, it is worth mentioning jam, marmalade, jam (including “five minutes”), syrup, meat sauces.
Berries can be simply rubbed with sugar.
Not every berry bought in a store or picked at a garden is of better quality. However, a good cook and then find a way out of the situation.
He will put an unripe berry for jam; ripe, but not very attractive — in jelly or frozen; overripe — in marmalade, syrup, sauces.
The main season of strawberries and wild strawberries is June and early July.
In these months, the berry is abundantly represented in the markets.
At other times in the store you can find greenhouse strawberries (including those from Israel and Chile), which, of course, do not compare with fresh seasonal taste and taste.
The main criterion when choosing a strawberry should be one: it must be fresh. That is, it was torn no earlier than 48 hours ago and during this time that has not been in the fridge: after freezing, there is no taste or aroma left in the berry.
When picking berries from the bed, leave the green tail — the berries last longer with it.
Choose dry and whole, unpolished strawberries with a green cap.
Look at the color of the berries — dark red is one of the indicators of taste, since strawberries do not change much in color after they are picked, then its burgundy color may indicate its ripeness.
However, nowadays craftsmen have learned to artificially tint strawberries, so pay attention to its smell, that is, smell the strawberries.
Sweet, ripe strawberries have a strong, rich aroma.
Try to buy berries in the market, and not in grocery stores and supermarkets.
As a rule, strawberries purchased on the market have not been stored for a long time and will be 80 percent local, and therefore recently picked from the bed.
Thus, you can find the best strawberry seller and take fragrant, delicious berries only from him.
Remember that the season of fresh strawberries lasts no more than 3-4 weeks.
Strawberries can not be stored in the refrigerator for a long time.
If it was grown with the help of nitrates, then in the refrigerator they will turn into nitrites — carcinogenic substances.
Ideally, it is generally better not to store strawberries.
Experts advise to eat it within two days after the berry was picked (and, of course, did not lie in the refrigerator).
Therefore, if you buy strawberries, then take it in small quantities — so that you can eat right away.
In extreme cases, the berry can lie down in the fridge for an hour or two: but at the same time it cannot be washed (so that it does not become “kvasha” and vitamins do not “evaporate” from it).
Before use, of course, wash the berry.
To save the berries for a long time, you can freeze them (then they, however, will only go to baking, sauces and compotes) or rub with sugar.
You can make harmless soft drinks, romantic cocktails and alcohol from strawberries.
Strawberries are the best because they are the first. The first garden berry, which ripens in the middle.
Ice cream, granite, sorbet and strawberry mousse
In everyday life, strawberries are commonly called strawberries in order to distinguish them from forest strawberries. WITH .
Baking with strawberries can be very different. This and strawberry pies: open, closed and with.
Strawberry jelly is one of the best summer desserts. This delicacy melting in a mouth especially love.