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Mandarin — product description on

Mandarin fruit is a valuable dietary fruit that increases appetite, improves metabolism and saturates the body with vitamins in the winter.

Mandarin (lat. Citrus reticulata) — the fruit of an evergreen tree of the genus Citrus (Citrus) Ruta families. This citrus fruit is 4-6 cm in diameter, slightly flattened from the base to the top, so that its width is noticeably larger than its height.

Mandarin peel is thin, grows loosely to the pulp.

Slices in one fruit 10-12, they are well separated from each other (perhaps better than any other of the popular citrus fruits), their flesh is yellow-orange, sweeter than orange.

Mandarin smells stronger than many other citrus fruits.

Mandarin is from South China and southeast Indochina.

It was brought to Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.

Mandarin is now widely cultivated throughout the southern and western Mediterranean (for example, in Morocco, Algeria, Spain, Southern France), as well as in Japan, China, the countries of Indochina, Argentina.

The closest to our country, tangerines are grown in the countries of the Transcaucasus.

Mandarin fruit is a valuable dietary fruit that increases appetite, improves metabolism and saturates the body with vitamins in the winter.

Mandarins and tangerine juice have a fortifying effect on the body, promote digestion, and due to their phytoncid properties they have an antimicrobial effect.

Alcoholic tincture of peel mandarins increases appetite, improves digestion, softens inflammatory secretions in the bronchi and upper respiratory tract, promotes the separation of sputum.

In eastern medicine, the tincture of the peel, as well as its water infusion or decoction, was used for bronchitis, nausea, as an antitussive and a means of improving digestion.

Russian stores sell tangerines from North Africa (including Morocco), Indochina, Latin America, the Transcaucasus (including Georgia, Abkhazia), the Middle East (including Turkey), Southern Europe (before the sanctions on the shelves were tangerines from Spain) and other regions.

Sort Fairchild. This variety is a mixture of mandarin varieties. Clementine and Tangelo.

The color of the peel of the fruit is rich orange.

Sort Honey, the same Murcott. It is a hybrid of orange and mandarin; the color of the peel of the fruit varies from yellow to orange, sometimes it can be green.

Taste qualities of this variety are simply excellent, tangerines are very sweet and juicy.

The season for this variety begins in November and ends in January.

Sort Sunburst.

This variety of mandarin differs from other varieties in its smooth skin (which is rare in mandarins, as well as in oranges), the color of the peel in fruits is orange-red.

Sort Robinson.

The fruits of this variety of mandarin differ from other varieties in a very sweet taste, the color of the fruit peel is rich orange.

Sort Fallglo.

A distinctive feature of this variety of mandarins is their size, since they are very large, which is usually not characteristic of other varieties of mandarins.

The rind of the fruit has a rich orange color.

Sort Dancy.

This variety belongs to one of the oldest varieties of mandarin, at one time was very popular. This variety is originally from the state of Florida, appeared in 1867.

Now this variety does not enjoy wide demand, as it is very sensitive to various diseases when grown.

The fruits are very juicy and tasty.

Tangerine. Quite a famous variety of mandarins.

The fruits have excellent taste, slightly tart.

The color of the peel of the fruit is rich orange, quite smooth to the touch.

Temple.

This variety of mandarins is also known as Royal Mandarin. Its fruit is a cross between mandarins and oranges.

The fruit has many seeds, it tastes very sweet, juicy, the peel has an orange color.

The season of collecting fruits of the variety begins in January and ends in March.

Popular varieties of mandarin indoor growing — Unshiu, Kovano-Vasse and Shiva mikan.

Mandarin hybrids

    Clementine, also known as Algerian Mandarin. This is a hybrid of mandarin with orange.

    Differs in sweet taste, and also lack of stones in fruits.

    Clementine imports mainly come from North Africa and Spain.

Tangelo. This variety is a mixture of certain varieties of mandarin and grapefruit, it also reminds something pomelo. Fetus tangelo looks like a big orange.

It tastes like an ordinary mandarin, gives a little taste of grapefruit.

Mineola — It is also a hybrid of mandarin and grapefruit. Mineola have a pear-shaped and bright orange color with a reddish tinge.

This fruit has a very sweet taste.

Natsumikan — Also a hybrid of mandarin with grapefruit.

It tastes more like an orange.

Mandarin fruits are used fresh and for the manufacture of fruit juices and stewed fruit. They are put in fruit salads and desserts.

As a spice, it is used to make sauces, fish, poultry, rice dishes.

Tangerine peel used as a substitute for orange peel in the preparation of various drugs, tinctures, syrups, extracts, as well as in the food industry.

The season of most varieties of mandarin lasts from November to April.

However, in stores they are sold all year round.

Look at the tangerine peel. Dried, sluggish or sometimes stiffened skin indicates that the fruit is long or overripe. The immature tangerine is heavy, the skin is almost all green and very poorly peeled off.

A sign of poor quality mandarin — the presence of mold, brown spots or areas of rot.

It is easy to determine the ripeness of a tangerine by the ratio of its size to weight, since all ripe tangerines always weigh less than they seem at first glance.

For sweet tangerines characteristic bright orange skin. Sometimes you can meet and sweet tangerines with yellow skinned.

Sweet mandarins are usually medium in size.

For sour tangerines characteristic flat shape.

Sour tangerines are often slightly lighter than sweet varieties.

Light tangerines, usually with hard fiber, have a lot of bones and do not have the optimal volume of liquid.

To determine the maturity of the mandarin, slightly squeeze his skin: a ripe fruit sprinkles with droplets of juice.

Also, after pressing the ripe mandarin easily returns its shape.

Best of all, tangerines are stored in a special compartment of the refrigerator, where they do not rot and do not dry out for almost a month.

But even in this case, the fruit must be regularly reviewed: if the process of rotting has already begun and the vegetables were spoiled before the vegetables are stored for storage, then a decrease in temperature will not stop it.

At room temperature, mandarins deteriorate even faster, and in too warm a room they also dry, losing not only useful properties, but also their taste.

In winter, you can store tangerines on a warmed balcony, where the temperature does not fall below six degrees Celsius.

At the same time they should lie in a ventilated box.

The method of storing fruit in a plastic bag that is popular with most people is actually bad: the package creates high humidity and the fruit suffocates.

There is an opinion that the fruits on which the branch has been preserved remain fresh longer, but such ones are rarely available for sale, so this advice is more suitable for those who can pick the fruits off the branch on their own.

The fruits of mandarin can not only be consumed fresh, but also make drinks with them (cocktails,.

The first month of winter and the last month of the year, December is the season of Abkhazian lemons and Moroccan ones.

The January shopping list will be very short, and there are two reasons for this. The first is the first.

Mandarin juice contains the same beneficial substances as orange and lemon juice, including vitamin C.

Clementine is a hybrid of mandarin and orange. Under its name in the Russian stores it.

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