It is believed that lemon is very useful due to the large amount of vitamin C contained in it. In fact, there are many other beneficial substances in the lemon.
Lemon — citrus fruit, the fruit of a small evergreen tree Citrus limon.
It grows in the subtropics of the Mediterranean, USA, Mexico, Argentina, the countries of the Caucasus, Central Asia, etc.
The word «lemon» in Russia appeared at the end of the XVI century and was borrowed from the Persian language.
However, this fruit became really popular in Russia a little more than a hundred years ago. In Russia Lemon slices are added to tea. What turns out in the end, in the West, by the way, is called “Russian tea”.
In Russia, there was another, incomprehensible to the West tradition — to eat vodka and brandy with lemon.
About the Russian way of using cognac, however, you should not tell the French: take pity on their nervous system.
It is believed that lemon It is very useful because of the large amount of vitamin C contained in it. But there are many other beneficial substances in lemon.
Fruit pulp contains citric and malic acids, pectic substances, salts of copper and potassium, volatile production, vitamins P, B and carotene.
In some cases, lemon can cause an acute allergic reaction in a person.
This is due, for example, with the processing of lemon trees with various chemical agents to protect them from pests.
That is why lemons should be washed well before use.
Also, lemon is not recommended for people who suffer from high acidity and various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
If you have a sore throat or nose when you have a cold or colds, lemon juice will cause severe irritation of the nasopharynx, aggravating the situation.
Also, lemons should not get involved in hypertensive patients and people suffering from pancreatitis.
There are many varieties of lemon; they differ in the shape of the plant (tree and bush), seasonality and adaptation to a particular climate.
Lemons of different varieties are brought to Russia from abroad — from the Mediterranean countries (Turkey, Morocco, etc.) and the former USSR (Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan).
Grow lemon in Russia — on Black Sea Coast of the Caucasus.
Lemons are often grown in apartments, including in Russia. Lemons on the windows have long been known city Pavlovo-on-Oka Nizhny Novgorod region.
Actually Pavlovsky lemon — This is a separate variety of trees, from which you can get three dozen fruits per year.
Lemons are eaten fresh used for making confectionery and soft drinks, in the alcoholic beverage and perfumery industry.
As a spice, lemon is added to various fruit salads, sweet dishes, cookies, sauces, jams, creams, fish, poultry and rice dishes.
With lemon juice they sprinkle, for example, a Viennese schnitzel, fried fish, it is added to a dressing for salads (instead of vinegar).
One of the most common condiments of North Africa is crushed lemons, which are kept for about 30 days in lemon juice with added salt and spices (cinnamon, cloves, coriander).
For example, in Moroccan cuisine, such lemons are used in many traditional meat and fish dishes.
Seasoning and grated lemon rind (peel), which is added to baked goods and confectionery, and in the Mediterranean cuisine — in fish soups.
Very tasty lemon cakes and pies.
Besides, lemon slices — This is a beautiful decoration of the second course.
Lemon drinks are made — lemonade or, for example, Italian liqueur Limoncello.
The season of collecting lemons varies in different regions, it depends on the climatic features of a particular area. Somewhere it is harvested in winter and spring, in other places — in autumn and winter; There are regions where the season of collecting lemons falls in the summer.
Thus, lemon can be considered an all-season product.
When buying lemons, first ask yourself the question: what are you buying them for; for long-term storage or are you going to eat them quickly?
Lemons are stored for a very long time, provided they are selected correctly.
The bright color of the fruit does not always indicate the degree of its maturity.
Need to focus on the hardness of the fetus.
Fully ripe fruit is soft to the touch, but at the same time slightly springy.
These lemons have an extremely short shelf life, they should be used as quickly as possible.
If the fruit is overripe, then to the touch it will be very soft.
The thickness of the lemon peel depends on how many times the tree has grown on it. The smaller yields harvested from the tree, the thinner the peel of the lemon will be.
A thick-skinned lemon is usually more useful than a thin-skinned lemon.
Sometimes when storing and transporting lemons, they are overcooled or frozen, which has a bad effect on their beneficial properties. If the lemon is overcooled, it will have small pox, sunken brownish spots. In addition, if the lemon was supercooled, a thin film from the slices moves off very easily.
Frozen lemons have a bitter taste.
Lemons can be stored for a very long time, up to several months, without harm to their structure and without any special loss of their beneficial properties.
It is best to keep them on the lower shelves of the refrigerator or in a special vegetable compartment.
Lemons should not be put in the freezer, this has a bad effect on their health properties, taste and structure.
Keep lemons must be uncut.
It is necessary to cut the fruit — and from it immediately begin to evaporate and break down so valuable vitamin C, which is badly affected by contact with sugar and elevated and lowered temperatures.
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