And the words in this song were: “To be healthy — you have to drink juices, / To live long, you have to drink juices. / And for this you need a juicer, / Every house should have a juicer. ” Remember the 80s?
This is my happy childhood.
With a juicer and songs by Vyacheslav Malezhik.
Juicer proudly adorned the kitchen.
Mom loaded peeled carrots, apples and bananas into it (and if we didn’t see it, she added cabbage and potatoes — it’s useful!), Pressed a button and — here it is, a long-awaited moment — orange-brown juice poured into a glass cup, and sides in a special bucket fell dry, pressed cake.
The current juicers do not look like before, they have become more powerful, more convenient and more elegant.
But their purpose remained the same — squeeze the juice from fruits, vegetables and berries.
And you can do it in different ways: to get orange or lemon juice, you need to use a special juicer for citrus fruits, for juice from parsley stalks auger juicer will do, and from carrots or apples — universal centrifugal.
Manual (lever) juicers for citrus fruits (in the West they are called “citrus squeezer” or “citrus press”, and in Russia there is also the everyday name crush) very simple in design. A few decades ago, juicers in the form of a wide glass of duralumin (a non-oxidizable alloy of aluminum, copper and magnesium) with a special press, covered with holes or small ribs, and connected to a glass with hinges, were very common. Orange peeled, cut in half and squeezed with a press — the stronger, the more juice.
Now the design of lever juicers has become more convenient, and the male power to work with them is not at all mandatory.
Such juicers, by the way, are also suitable for tomatoes.
Now distributed small manual juicers for lemon or lime juice.
Some are similar in principle (and often in form) to a garlic press: you need to squeeze half a lemon between two metal plates.
Others are a thick plastic conic drill with a handle: having plunged it into the pulp of a lemon cut in half, we screw it down to the peel, like a screw.
Still others resemble a soft pulveler “pear”: a notched lemon is placed inside this device and squeezes with force, and the juice flows out through a small hole.
Electric (conical) juicers for citrus. The development of technology has not passed for citrus presses in vain: they got a plug, a small motor and a rotating conical nozzle, which in a few seconds squeezes the juice out of an orange or grapefruit cut in half.
The power of such models is small, about 20 W, but this is quite enough to squeeze the juice.
The principle of operation of the citrus juicer is very simple: attach half an orange to the conical nozzle, press hard with your hand — and the juice is drained along a narrow groove into a special plastic container (usually it is not very large: a liter or even less) or, if the container is not included in the kit, ordinary glass
For one cup of orange juice you need two or three oranges. In the process of work, you should regularly remove the accumulated pulp of citrus, otherwise it will clog the holes through which the juice enters the glass.
There are other, more expensive models of citrus juicers: often the fruit does not need to be held by hand, for this there is a special lever (such models are often used in bars).
Combi-instruments with different nozzles are also available, for example, a juicer plus a meat grinder.
Auger Juicers in appearance it resembles a meat grinder and is also attached to the table in the same way. It is convenient to use them for squeezing juices from berries (currants, raspberries, strawberries, grapes, chokeberry), as well as plant stems (for example, parsley stalks and celery). Washed berries or stalks are placed in a funnel cup installed at the top, they pass inwards and are ground by a twisting shaft (auger): the juice flows through the metal mesh into the substituted vessel, and the cake is into the hole on the opposite side.
Auger juicers are manual and electric.
They also produce screw nozzles for the meat grinder: with their help, you can also squeeze out excellent berry juice.
Household juicers. With their help, the juice is made from fruits (for example, apples, pears, bananas, peaches, pineapples), berries (grapes, pomegranates) and vegetables (carrots, cabbage, celery, beets, parsley, dill).
Is that for citrus, they are not very convenient: the fruit must be cleaned of thick peel, and this is quite a chore.
Many models of universal juicers allow you to lay fruits and berries with small bones.
Of great importance is the shape of the separator, separating the juice from the pulp: it can be cylindrical or conical.
Cylindrical squeezes the juice better (95% of juice for 5% of the cake), however, juicers with such a separator are designed for a small number of fruits, and after two or three glasses of juice they need to be cleaned of the accumulated pulp.
With the conical shape of the separator, the pulp function is working, so you can process a lot of fruits or vegetables without worrying about cleaning the juicer, but the efficiency of the device in this case decreases to 60-70%.
When buying a juicer, pay attention to her work time.
If the juicer has an air cooling function for the engine, it can work for a long time without stopping.
Many models of juicers are equipped with a built-in container for juice, however, in this case, the dimensions of the device will be much larger.
Some juicers have an amazing property: they do not mix the juices of different vegetables and fruits, prepared one after the other: the juice from the carrots will not turn dark if you squeeze the juice from the beet before it.
How is this possible?
Exceptionally due to the special angle of inclination of the centrifuge and a certain speed of its rotation: all the cake flies from the mesh into the waste container and it always remains clean.
Finally there are professional universal juicers (which are also suitable for squeezing juice from most vegetables, fruits and berries) — you probably saw them if you stopped at the counter, where they sell freshly squeezed juice.
Some of the professional models do not require pre-treatment of citrus fruits: we load a bunch of oranges, and the machine cuts them themselves, and the juice itself presses.
Other models due to the size and high power cope with the largest grapefruit and grenades.
All for the benefit of man!
Is that for home use, these high-tech machines are not very suitable.