When a child goes to first grade, the life of the whole family changes.
It will take at least six months, according to physiologists, before everything enters its own rut, and the school will become commonplace.
How to make life easier for a first grader and yourself?
That was not, as in a joke about parachutists “Ready? Not ready! I went anyway.
And now I am ready! ”, It is better to imagine in advance what will happen to your child at school, what possible problems will be faced.
How to understand if a child is ready for school at all?
Two things are indicative here, Nadezhda Zyryanova, an assistant professor of psychogenetics at the faculty of psychology at Moscow State University, explains: a desire to learn and the ability to follow the rules.
As a rule, all children at first really want to go to school.
That is, there are no problems with motivation (and where does all this go then?). No wonder — this is a new step in the social ladder, the opportunity to get rid of the annoying kindergarten, get a big beautiful portfolio and a diary …
The rules are more complicated.
Not all children are able to comply with them and are on the move included in the role-playing game «teacher — student.» Many, having come to school, do not understand why they should raise their hands in class, why they should be silent when another child answers, or get up when a teacher enters the classroom. To make it easier for the child to understand how to behave, it is useful to play with him to school.
And the more children take part in it, the better.
And give the chad an opportunity to be not only a student, but also a teacher — this is how he will experience in his experience, which is unpleasant when you are interrupted or not listened to.
In general, any games according to the rules of first-graders are useful. For example, in «edible — inedible.»
Or is there such a game: “Yes” and “no” do not speak, “black” and “white” should not be called ”.
This will speed up the adaptation.
Now the «home» children are often better prepared for school than the «kindergarten». They have a better developed speech, because they talk more with adults, they read more … They go to development centers, where they are engaged in drawing and music.
But school is not only new knowledge.
This is a crowd of children, noise — it is not surprising that for “home” the first time at school is one continuous stress.
In addition, the position of the child is changing. In the family, he is, if not the center, then a significant figure. Favorite, often the only among adults … And at school all such.
And everyone claims to be the only one. At school, it turns out, it is difficult not only to learn, but also to build relationships with classmates and with the teacher. And here those who are able to play by the rules also receive benefits.
These children appreciate.
Began to cry a lot. Just went to school, and immediately fell ill. He began to sleep badly.
Feels tired. Annoyed. Complains of headaches.
All these are typical problems of many first-graders. Sometimes the child can not explain why he does not want to go to school, but his mood changes, just about it comes up. We must be attentive to these symptoms and try to talk more with the child, ask how he felt in school, what he liked there … And fix his attention on positive points.
To learn in all things to see the pros.
It is very important!
This is how a positive attitude towards school is formed.
Speak more about all the good things that the school gives: about new friends, new impressions … This is also useful for further personality formation.
People who are able to pay attention to all the good things in their lives and feel better and live longer. And do not criticize the teacher in the presence of a child, even if you do not agree with him.
On the contrary, notice all the good things in it and talk to the child about this good.
Starting school is a big burden on the child’s body. The pulse, blood pressure, breathing are changing … A first grader has to sit for a long time, and this, too, does not have the best effect on his well-being.
According to statistics, 60% of Moscow first-graders lose weight by the end of the 1st quarter, many have reduced blood pressure (which is a sign of fatigue).
To help your child cope with stress, use a simple formula: you need to allocate two times more time for rest than the work itself went on.
If the body does not have time to recover, fatigue accumulates, the child begins to ache.
Try to plan your life so that the first-grader spends the second half of the day at home, and not on the sap. It is desirable that he sleep during the day, and at night — not less than 11 hours. Do not try in addition to the school immediately write it on all sorts of exercises.
But sport is very useful.
And of course, we need psychological support.
The child must be sure that he is still loved, despite all the school difficulties.