We used to know figs exclusively as dried fruit. Now fresh figs are sold in supermarkets and markets, you can find it in the menu of restaurants and cafes, it is delicious in a variety of dishes, ranging from snacks to desserts.
Some time ago, the country knew figs only as dried fruit.
It was certainly tasty, but nevertheless its usefulness was put higher. Now fresh figs are sold in supermarkets and markets, often appearing on the menu of restaurants and cafes.
And it is deserved!
Fresh figs have a characteristic taste, a peculiar texture, it is widely used in various dishes, ranging from snacks to desserts.
Ficus carica L.) is a subtropical deciduous ficus. Fig tree (it is also fig tree or fig tree) has a spreading crown with large carved leaves. It is a long-lived tree, it can bear fruit for up to 200 years.
At first glance it may seem that the tree never blooms, so the Chinese even called the figs “fruit without a flower.” In fact, figs have flowers, of course. They are collected in amazing inflorescences, resembling a pear with a hole at the crown.
In these hollow inside the inflorescences on the inner surface are small flowers. By the time of ripening, the inflorescence turns into a large pear-shaped formation, filled from the inside with small dry seeds — the actual fruits of the figs.
The main nutritional value of figs is its juicy and sweet shell.
Unripe fruits contain caustic milky juice, therefore inedible.
Another name for the fig tree is the fig tree.
The fig tree is known to man since ancient times. According to the biblical story, Adam and Eve covered their nakedness with fig leaves, and the founders of Rome, Romulus and Remus, were fed by a she-wolf under a fig tree. In ancient India, figs were considered the tree of knowledge, under the shadow of which the truth was revealed to the Buddha.
Figs was first cultivated in the fertile part of Southern Arabia, and later spread to Judea, Syria and the Mediterranean. In ancient Greece, it appeared about a thousand years BC and was considered a symbol of fertility.
At festivals in honor of Dionysus, they always put a basket with figs near the vessel of wine.
In the Russian language, the specific name of the fig became known in the 18th century, but underwent changes to a fig (probably from the French fi gue).
Wild figs and now grows in Greece, Egypt, Turkey, Crimea, the Caucasus and Central Asia
Dried figs — one of the most useful dried fruits, possessing a number of medicinal properties.
It is known, for example, that in stressful conditions, a few eaten dried fruits will have a very beneficial effect on the nervous system.
Cooked figs in milk and milk itself helps to fight cough.
Dried figs save from mental exhaustion and returns energy and physical strength.
This was already known to the soldiers of the army of Alexander the Great: there was always a handful of dried «wine berries» in their traveling bags.
By the way, fig leaves were widely used in ancient Rome, they were used during feasts as napkins.
Avicenna thought it was useful for colds and coughs, he treated kidney disease and spleen, he thought that. » the fig removes the heat from the burn, soothes the bite of a rabid dog and heals the bite of karakurt ”.
Doctors today prescribe it to recuperate and improve metabolism, as a means of combating neoplasms.
Included in all sports diets.
Figs contain large amounts of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and potassium, as well as vitamins B1, B3, PP, C and K.
Depending on the variety, figs (aka fig, tartan or fig) may have a different shape (from spherical to elongated) and color (from yellow-green to dark-purple).
there is black fig with black skinned and red flesh.
He is gentle and moderately sweet.
It is harvested only in the form of jam or jam.
On the advice of housewives from the south of Russia, it can be ground with sugar, like black currant and stored in the refrigerator.
White figs Blurs thicker light-skinned and yellowish or red flesh.
White figs with yellowish pulp are more delicious — honey.
First of all, it is dried, as well as jam and jam are made.
Figs unusually tasty fresh, but also beautiful in the blanks; jam is made from it, jam and jam, prepare a marshmallow, make homemade wine.
Fresh figs can be grilled.
To do this, you just need to spread the fruits cut along the grate with the peel down and bake for 5 minutes. In this form, the fig is wonderfully combined with game dishes.
It can be baked with goat cheese and bacon and served as a gourmet hot snack, as well as used in salads and desserts.
Dried figs are also beautiful, since the fruit is excellent for drying, and in its natural form, without using syrups, which other types of fruit so much like to dip before drying.
For curing, they usually use light figs with white flesh, about 5 cm in diameter.
In Central Asia, boiled fig juice (syrup) is widely distributed, which is beautifully stored and used in various
culinary purposes similar to honey.
Figs can be considered off-season fruit, if it is dried. Fresh fruit is usually harvested from August to October, the peak of harvest in southern Russia is in September.
Fresh, really tasty and ripe figs are not so easy to find. It is usually sold overripe or, on the contrary, immature.
High-quality figs should be dense, without dents, but give in slightly when pressed.
Lightly ripened fruits can crack. They are usually very sweet.
But they will not lie — such figs should be eaten or cooked on the same day.
Figs have many names — fig, fig.
You can cool this warm drink to room temperature — it will not make it worse. .
Fig paste can be called pleasure without remorse. The recipe looks like a quote.