The principle of operation of the juicer is clear from the title. Juice from the product with all the most useful — in one container, cake — in another.
And it is always nice when it is done quickly and efficiently: a lot of juice, little waste.
But since fruits and vegetables differ from each other by the ratio of juice and pulp, size, presence or absence of thick, and sometimes bitter rind, pits, the juicers are invented different: especially for citrus fruits; centrifugal type or «universal»; with a cylindrical or conical separator; with forced engine cooling for long, continuous operation; for cold press spin.
To avoid disappointment from the purchase, it is necessary to clearly understand the capabilities of a particular model and your own needs, as well as to measure all this with the family budget.
Universal, or separator, juicers are the most numerous group.
They are designed for all types of vegetables, fruits and berries. However, for squeezing juice out of citrus fruits, special nozzles or a separate device are required, and only powerful machines with a very durable filter can squeeze berries with stones. The principle of operation, regardless of the manufacturer, is the same: the motor rotates the grater with high speed, which crushes the product, separating the pulp from the juice.
And here an important role is played by power, the speed of rotation of the knife. A big plus is the ability to choose the speed of the device.
So, Philips HR 1861 (700 W, 12,500 rpm,), Bimatek J-1550 CUP (500 W, 5000–7500 rpm, PULSE mode), Kenwood JE 810 (850 W, 12,000 rpm ./min., electronic overload protection) and many other juicers have two working speeds. The juicier and softer the fruit, the slower the spin speed should be.
For tomatoes, 6–8 thousand turns are enough, otherwise the juice will not be squeezed, but will go into puree, and for a maximum spin of carrots or cabbage, 10–12 thousand are desirable in order to properly press an unyielding vegetable to the walls of the filter.
After all, the end result is a maximum of juice.
The purity of the juice is affected by the presence of a filter in the juice extractors, one or several, which delays the ground pulp.
Juice it clears, but at the same time he is clogged with pulp, small bones.
The fact that the filter is clogged, prompts a drop in the flow rate and a change in the consistency of the juice.
Many modern models have several degrees of security, including protection against overheating, automatic stopping when solid objects get inside or accidental opening.
But all the extreme situations not the best way affect the life of the device and the nerves of the hostess.
Universal juicers are called separators. A separator is an apparatus that separates a product into different fractions, in our case, into juice and cake. Separators juicers are cylindrical and conical.
The first give about a third more yield of juice, but in them it is structurally impossible to automatically remove the cake.
Therefore, after receiving three or four glasses of juice, most of the cylindrical separators need to be stopped and cleaned.
But for a small family’s breakfast breakfast, that’s enough.
Conical separators are less economical: they will have much more wet cake, but it is continuously sent to special containers or securely fixed packages that can be simply thrown away.
When it comes to processing the gifts of home gardens in the harvest year, I remember the old Soviet juicers: just have time for the cartridges, that is, give the fruits.
In one direction, the juice splatters, in the other sleeve, sorry, the cake flies off.
They are the best coped with berries with small bones. But the loss of juice in such juicers as in war.
The maximum return does not exceed 45–50%, and the rest, together with the pulp, into the basket. True, zealous housewives are able to put into the business and not too dry cake.
Pour some juice or water into it, add sugar, seasonings to taste and heat up.
It turns out vegetable or fruit puree, which can be either served immediately, or canned.
Soviet times have sunk into oblivion, along with ugly, noisy, uneconomical, but very reliable instruments.
A holy place is never empty, and there are now worthy fighters on the market for the cause of the “home conservative party”. For example, the new juicer JU CUN 24150 SI from the company Bork is the most powerful to date — 1500 W, 13 000 rpm.
The device has two speeds — low for soft foods (peaches, tomatoes, raspberries and other berries with small hard stones) and high for hard ones (pineapple, apples, beets) and a very wide loading chute (84 mm), i.e. there is no need to cut the fruits . Cells of a durable filter with a titanium coating carefully cut off the pulp and solid particles of the twigs and small bones.
The cake is automatically discarded into a capacious 3 liter container. Bork gives a 5-year warranty on the entire device.
Juice Master Professional 42.8 from the Swiss company Rotel also deserves attention. This juicer allows you to get juices from almost any fruit, vegetables and herbs, asparagus or spinach. Not afraid of small bones, and the function of the turboprop will allow at the right time to make a forced cleaning of the filter.
Performance is impressive — up to 50 kg of carrots per hour.
Devices of this class, such features and reliability will cost you in the amount of 15 thousand rubles.
A separate category is augers juicers. This year the all-metal Angel Juicer with a threefold filtration of the Korean company Angel Co Ltd. has come to our market with a cold-pressed Angel Juicer.
At the core of its work is the principle of slow (speed 82 rpm) rotation of two steel rotors, which, moving products along the length, carefully (press force 3 hp) squeeze them all to the last drop. And the cake after such a spin is so dry that it can be set on fire with a match.
The lack of high speed contributes to the preservation of enzymes and other nutrients, so the manufacturer calls this juice «live».
And Angel juice squeezes out practically of everything: from berries to germinated grains and needles. By the way, pine needles contain 100 times more vitamin C than lemon. True, the price of this car strongly «bites» — 47, 5 thousand rubles.
But Angel Co Ltd promises that 880 ml of juice can be obtained from 1 kg of pineapples and with daily use, at the expense of more complete extraction, the costs will certainly pay off.
Many consumers prefer orange juice to all others, so most manufacturers in the household appliance lines, in addition to juicers with nozzles for citrus, necessarily have separate “citrus presses”.
Limes, lemons, oranges, grapefruits have a rather thick, durable and bitter rind, so the task of the juicer for such fruits is to extract the juice from the middle of the fruit, which is called, “not spoiling the skins”. Citrus juicers are small and of low (25–100W) power. But this is enough for high-quality extraction of juice.
It is enough to cut the fruit in half and press half into the rotating nozzle.
In simple models, such as the Supra JES-1210, Philips HR 2744/55 or Moulinex BKB 4, this is done by hand, and in more advanced ones, such as the Vitesse VS 1834 or Krups Citrus Expert ZX7000, with a special lever: half of the fruit is inserted into a cup over a rotating nozzle.
These juicers are made of stainless steel and have a very stylish look.
When choosing a «citrus press» you should not be guided by the power and speed of rotation of the nozzle, but by simplicity in work, ease of care, maximum juice yield. The undoubted advantages are removable nozzles of several diameters, alternate rotation of the nozzle in a clockwise direction and against it, the presence of several filters to clean the juice.
Of course, the protective dust cover, blocking from accidental switching on, low noise level, and anti-skid suction plates will not interfere either.
The use of very high quality materials, carefully designed design and ergonomics can not affect the price.
For example, the Bork JU CUP 9911 BK citrus press will cost you 10–12 thousand rubles, but according to the owners of this device, they would never exchange it for another, cheaper one.
In the process of working under the nozzle of any citrus press a lot of fruit pulp accumulates.
It must be removed so that the holes through which the juice passes are not blocked.
By the way, the volume of the tank for juice, as a rule, does not exceed 1 liter, but more, probably, is not necessary.
These juicers are not designed for industrial workpieces, but in order for you to quickly and without hassle to drink a glass of invigorating juice.
There are a lot of juicer models on the market.
Conventionally, they can be divided into three categories.
Low-cost, up to 6 thousand rubles, for example, Zelmer 377 silver (power 25W, 1 speed), Supra JES-2020 (power 850 W, 2 speeds) or Vitek 1619 (power 500 W, 1 speed).
The middle class, about 6–10 thousand rubles, such as the Vitesse VS-200 (800 W power, made of stainless steel 18/10 nickel-chromium, 2 speeds of rotation, motor pulse adjustment); Moulinex JU 599 800 W, with a large container for cake, 3 liters, and a centrifuge consisting of three parts that can be washed in a dishwasher; Kenwood JE950 (steel case, good juice delivery performance at low power, only 300 W, direct juice supply system); Philips HR 1865 (700 W) and others.
In this price category, it is necessary to look for the optimal price-quality ratio.
Completing the pyramid model of business class, for demanding customers, from 10 thousand rubles. These include the above-mentioned juicers from Rotel, Angel Co Ltd, Bork and some others. But manufacturers of such equipment promise that heavy-duty materials and a well-thought-out design will allow it to withstand continuous attacks of hard vegetables and stone fruits — raspberries, currants for decades.
In addition, if you decide to treat the guests with several types of juices at once, you do not need to rinse the sieve after pressing each of them. In a separate category can be distinguished juicers, which are a kind of food processor, but with an emphasis on juices. Magimix presents a line of Duo multifunction juicers.
This is a blender juicer for nectars and sauces (2 in 1) and citrus (3 in 1).
It is completed with a professional asynchronous motor, which automatically adapts the speed depending on the consistency of fruits and vegetables.
■ Before buying, you need to decide how often the juicer will be used, how much juice you need and where the appliance will be stored. Under these parameters it is necessary to select the performance, size and weight of the planned unit.
A large kitchen will allow you to have two devices: one for citrus, the other for vegetables and berries. Some juicers can only be stored unassembled, and this requires more space.
Find out information about the availability of service centers.
You never know what.
■ Sprigs, stems and bones should be removed whenever possible, even if your miracle device promises to get rid of them with ease. Otherwise, your juice may smell with freshly cut lawn or hydrocyanic acid. Do not be lazy to wash and container for collecting juice.
Before changing very different products (if you need to squeeze the grapes after the cabbage) it is better to clean the filter.
Cocktail is good, but a martini with a taste of carrots or pomegranate color will cause bewilderment among guests.
■ Be sure to clean the filter or filter immediately after use.
■ Household juicer is not an industrial unit and needs rest.
The duration of the cycle is specified in the instructions.
The juicer is assembled and disassembled without difficulty. However, the filter screen requires careful maintenance: it must be rinsed and dried after each use.
Store the device can be exclusively disassembled. Cake is discarded in a container with a capacity of 2 liters. Apple juice contains a lot of pulp and therefore unclear. Grape has a very rich taste, but also turns out to be opaque.
Tomato — medium quality.
Power 800 W, 2 speeds
Juice yield 400 g: apple 250 ml, grape 200 ml, tomato 250 ml
Price from 4 590 rub. *
Bosch MES 3000
The special pride of the manufacturer is the system of protective locking Active Motor Management, instantly stopping the rotation of the filter when opening the cover locks. Capacity for juice — 1.25 liters, a large container for the cake. The size of the loading opening allows you to squeeze the juice from whole apples.
Two modes of operation — for hard and soft products. Easy to assemble, disassemble and wash, does not work very noisy.
The taste of apple juice was unusually clean, in the grape felt tart skin. Tomato — acceptable.
There is a lot of juice in the cake.
Power 700 W, 2 speeds
Juice yield 400 g: apple — 220 ml, grape — 180 ml, tomato — 180 ml
Price from 4630 rub. *
Assembling, disassembling, operating the device is easy. The loading chute is designed for a whole apple. The juice jug is equipped with a removable foam separator.
The cake is discarded automatically into a 3 liter tray. Works quietly.
Apple juice was not as rich as we would like, but grape juice was very natural, with a pleasant tart flavor, and tomato juice was too thin.
Power 700 W, 2 speeds
Juice yield 400 g: apple 250 ml, grape 220 ml, tomato 220 ml
Price from 5180 rub. *
Philips HR 1865
Standard European design and the same quality. The drop-stop system prevents the leakage of fluid after work: it is enough to raise the nozzle to feed the juice up.
The design has a steel microfilter, according to the manufacturer, squeezing the products almost to dryness; its activity is noticeable in the processing of solid products, with regard to soft — judge for yourself, the numbers in front of you. Apple juice turned opaque
and tart, and grape — more concentrated than other samples.
Tomato juice is too watery.
Power 700 W, 2 speeds
Juice yield 400 g: apple 265 ml, grape 250 ml, tomato 170 ml
Price from 6 100 rub. *
Manufacturers believe that the purity and clarity of the juice is not particularly important, but the preservation of as much nutritional and dietary properties as possible.
There is a Turbo mode, which includes ultra-high speed to clean the strainer in case of excessive accumulation of pulp on it. Loading is very slow, not allowing excessive pressure. The disk grater is unexpectedly blocked if you take too hard fruit or vegetables.
All the juices obtained during the test, had a good, standard quality.
Power 800 W, 2 speeds
Juice yield 400 g: apple 200 ml, grape one 260 ml, tomato 250 ml
Price from 6623 rub. *
Magimix Duo Plus XL
This is a juicer for solid vegetables and fruits and for citrus fruits (2 in 1) plus a blender juicer for nectars and sauces (3 in 1). Professional cylindrical separator. Quiet, does not require special care — you need to get a basket for the cake and rinse it.
Designed for laying a small apple, you can with bones and twigs.
Apple juice turned out almost without pulp, but also quite watery.
Grape — tasty and transparent. Squeezing the juice from the tomatoes, we used a nozzle for soft fruits.
And for good reason: tomato juice is just great.
Power 400 W, speed automatically adaptable
Juice yield 400 g: apple — 260 ml, grape — 280 ml, tomato — 310 ml
Price from 15 700 rub. *
Bork JU CUN 24150 SI
New The main task of the device: obtaining high quality juice in a short time and with minimal labor costs.
A whole apple enters the mouthpiece. The cake is automatically removed in a 3 liter container. The device is the most powerful and fast on the market, though quite noisy.
Very easy to clean and wash. It forms quite a lot of foam, with which the defoamer of a measuring glass successfully fights. Apple juice turned out the brightest and sweetest in the dough.
Grape was not very concentrated.
Tomato is completely watery, but the model is not intended for squeezing tomatoes.
Power 1500 W, 2 speeds
Juice yield 400 g: apple — 250 ml, grape — 230 ml, tomato — 205 ml
The recommended price of 19 000 rubles.
Press-type juicer with two augers of surgical steel, air-cooled motor, all-metal construction. Compact. Self-cleaning: just pour some water into the receiving tray.
Thanks to the power of the press in 3 horsepower squeezes everything: fruits, berries, vegetables, herbs, germinated grain.
The screws rotate at a speed of 82 revolutions per minute, but the device works almost silently. Apple juice turned out to be saturated, grape — with a tart note.
Tomato juice — enough liquid consistency.
Power 180 W, 1 speed
Juice yield 400 g: apple — 280 ml, grape — 305 ml, tomato — 250 ml
Price from representatives of 47 500 rubles.