With what pride gardeners talk about home-grown seasonal products!
What could be better than the berries, tomatoes, cucumbers, radishes and potatoes just picked from the bush from their own garden beds? You are absolutely confident in their quality, besides you have grown your crop with love! What of all this can be eaten by children depending on age and in what quantity?
Should I limit the consumption of some products?
What is especially useful, and what can cause instant allergies?
Strawberries, strawberries, raspberries
Strawberries, strawberries, raspberries are extremely rich in vitamin C, fiber and contain many sugars.
However, parents should be aware that these berries have a pronounced allergenic effect, therefore, they can be introduced into the baby’s diet not earlier than 9-10 months and given to children with extreme caution, sensitively watching the body’s response to the berries.
Try to start to add a few berries in porridge and see how the body reacts to the child.
Cucumber — solid water, 95% of this vegetable consists of it.
Liquid cucumber contains useful minerals and vitamins of group B. Fresh cucumbers are rich in special enzymes that promote the absorption of animal proteins.
That is why it is very useful to combine cucumber salad with meat dishes.
From 6 months, a child can be given a small piece of fresh cucumber (by the way, it’s convenient for them to "to scratch" teething teeth).
Tomatoes contain little fiber, but they are high in iron, potassium, vitamin C and provitamin A, which are necessary for the development of the baby.
Juice from fresh tomatoes can be given with care to children from 5-6 months, and from 8-9 months — to add fresh tomatoes to vegetable puree, after having cleaned them of the skin.
This vegetable is the richest source of provitamin A (beta-carotene, which strengthens the immune system, protects the cell structure, increases the overall resistance to stress, is good for the skin).
Carrots contain vitamin C, potassium and iron.
From 4-5 months, children are given carrot juice, and then carrots are added to the vegetable puree.
Pay attention: in order to achieve maximum beta carotene absorption, carrot puree is recommended to be given with vegetable oil or sour cream.
In addition to its excellent composition (the product is rich in organic acids, potassium, magnesium, calcium and iron, it has a lot of fiber and carbohydrates), beets increase hemoglobin levels, normalize metabolism, strengthen the cardiovascular system and help improve digestion.
In general, it is in every possible way useful not only for children, but also for adults.
But, all the same, due to the laxative effect of beets, it should be very carefully introduced into the child’s diet not earlier than 9-10 months.
Allergic reactions to this product are extremely rare, and yet it is better to be safe.
New potatoes are a valuable source of B vitamins, as well as P and C, and these vitamins are essential for the growing body.
Potatoes contain starch and are rich in carbohydrates, it is better to introduce it into the diet of a child from 6-7 months in the form of light and tender mashed potatoes. It is curious that the longer you cook the potatoes, the easier it is to digest, but, unfortunately, when boiling the potatoes completely lose all the supply of vitamin C.
The greens of parsley, dill, green onions, sorrel, celery and garlic contain vitamins and minerals that are beneficial for the child’s body.
Greens have antimicrobial properties.
Already from 8-9 months greens can and should be added to the children’s menu.
Be careful with the addition of sorrel: it contains a lot of oxalic acid, which can badly affect the baby’s mucous membrane and even metabolism.
Therefore, the soup of sorrel, it is desirable to introduce into the children’s diet after 2 years.
You should know that raw cabbage is a very coarse food and has a gas-forming effect.
During heat treatment, this effect is practically not manifested, therefore, in small quantities in a mixture with other vegetables, it can be given to a child from 7-9 months.
This type of cabbage is especially rich in fiber, contains a lot of calcium, vitamins of group B and has a good effect on the bowels.
Sauerkraut cabbage is an excellent source of vitamin C, but it is better to introduce it into the diet of a child after one and a half years and in small quantities.
Zucchini is easily digested, it has few calories, with enough trace elements — iron, copper, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and sodium, it has a high content of vitamins C and B. Thanks to it, the digestive tract improves.
For parents, it is important to know that this vegetable is especially good for baby food, because it is perfectly digested, improves the baby’s overarching and does not cause allergies.
As a rule, children begin to enter it as one of the first complementary foods in the form of mashed potatoes from about 4-5 months.
Eggplants are low in calories and contain a small amount of carbohydrates, which allows us to attribute this product to dietary.
Thanks to the use of eggplant, ensures good work of the kidneys, digestive and cardiovascular systems.
However, this product contains a toxic substance — solanine (with large quantities affects the nervous system).
A lot of solanine is in overripe fruits, so it is better not to eat them.
Nutritionists and pediatricians recommend introducing eggplant into a child’s nutrition 3 years and older.
For a child, choose a slightly under-ripe fruit.
They have few seeds and very thin skin.
These fruits contain a lot of sugars, pectin, iron, vitamin C and malic acid. Malic acid enhances the secretion of digestive juices, improves the motor function of the intestines and accelerates the processes of digestion.
In addition, it has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of fats and reduces cholesterol in the blood.
Puree and juice from apples are traditionally considered the first lure.
A child from 5-6 months can be allowed to chew on a piece of apple, naturally, previously peeled.
Useful tips on feeding a child in the country
- For the full growth and development of the child, his body needs vitamins and minerals. But you do not need to overfeed the vegetables and fruits of the child, an excess of active, beneficial substances may even harm its health. Consumption of fruits and vegetables should be balanced. The growing body needs proteins, fats and carbohydrates throughout the year, but try to increase the share of fresh fruits and vegetables during the harvest period by 20-25%
- The diet of fruits and vegetables for children with allergies should be limited: they need to avoid brightly colored (red, orange) fruits and vegetables — they can cause an allergic reaction. In addition, children with allergies are not recommended excessive consumption of fruits and berries that are rich in fructose (dried fruits, bananas, dates, melons, sweet figs, grapes, persimmon, etc.).
- Infants who are overweight and obese should refrain from excessive consumption of potatoes and fruits with high sugar content.
- Even if you feed your child with what you raised in the country, be sure to wash the food before you eat. The temptation to eat directly from the garden is great, but “all your own” is not a guarantor of sterility, because, for example, it is possible that the wind will carry from the neighboring site to your fertilizer sprayed there.
- It is believed that the well water can not boil and give the baby raw. Even if it is a well for personal use, with a good «water sampling» and is periodically cleaned, after all, such water without boiling can be drunk only by adults.